K.S.A. Chapter 8 Article 14

Uniform Act Regulating Traffic - Definitions

Current through end of 2015 legislative session

8-1401            Definitions applicable to uniform act regulating traffic on highways.

8-1402            'Alley' defined.

8-1402a           All-terrain vehicle defined.

8-1403            'Arterial street' defined.

8-1404            Authorized emergency vehicle defined; exemptions.

8-1405            'Bicycle' defined.

8-1406            'Bus' defined.

8-1407            'Business district' defined.

8-1408            Cancellation of a driver's license defined.

8-1409            'Commission,' 'secretary' and 'department' defined.

8-1410            'Controlled-access highway' defined.

8-1411            'Crosswalk' defined.

8-1412            'Director' defined.

8-1413            'Division' defined.

8-1414            'Divided highway' defined.

8-1414a           'Drawbar' defined.

8-1415            'Driveaway-towaway operations' defined.

8-1416            'Driver' defined.

8-1417            'Driver's license' defined.

8-1418            'Essential parts' defined.

8-1419            'Explosives' defined.

8-1420            'Farm tractor' defined.

8-1421            'Flammable liquid' defined.

8-1422            'Foreign vehicle' defined.

8-1423            'Gross weight' defined.

8-1424            'Highway' defined.

8-1425            'House trailer' defined.

8-1426            'Identifying numbers' defined.

8-1427            Implement of husbandry defined.

8-1428            'Intersection' defined.

8-1428a           'Interstate system' defined.

8-1429            'Laned roadway' defined.

8-1430            'License' and 'license to operate a motor vehicle' defined.

8-1431            'Lienholder' defined.

8-1432            'Local authorities' defined.

8-1433            'Mail' defined.

8-1434            'Manufacturer' defined.

8-1435            'Metal tire' defined.

8-1436            'Motor home' defined.

8-1437            Motor vehicle defined.

8-1438            'Motorcycle' defined.

8-1439            'Motor-driven cycle' defined.

8-1439a           'Motorized bicycle' defined.

8-1439c           Motorized wheelchair defined.

8-1440            'Nonresident' defined.

8-1441            'Nonresident's operating privilege' defined.

8-1442            'Official traffic-control devices' defined.

8-1443            'Owner' defined.

8-1444            'Park' and 'parking' defined.

8-1445            'Passenger car' defined.

8-1446            Pedestrian defined.

8-1447            'Person' defined.

8-1448            'Pneumatic tire' defined.

8-1449            'Pole trailer' defined.

8-1450            'Police officer' defined.

8-1451            'Private road or driveway' defined.

8-1452            'Railroad' defined.

8-1453            'Railroad sign or signal' defined.

8-1454            'Railroad train' defined.

8-1455            'Registration' defined.

8-1456            'Residence district' defined.

8-1457            'Revocation of driver's license' defined.

8-1458            'Right-of-way' defined.

8-1458a           Road construction zone defined.

8-1459            'Roadway' defined.

8-1459a           'Safety hitch' defined.

8-1460            'Safety zone' defined.

8-1461            'School bus' defined.

8-1462            'Security agreement' defined.

8-1463            'Security interest' defined.

8-1464            'Semitrailer' defined.

8-1465            'Sidewalk' defined.

8-1466            'Solid rubber tire' defined.

8-1467            'Special mobile equipment' defined.

8-1468            'Specially constructed vehicle' defined.

8-1469            'Stand' and 'standing' defined.

8-1470            'State' defined.

8-1471            'Stop' when required, defined.

8-1472            'Stop' and 'stopping,' when prohibited, defined.

8-1473            'Street' defined.

8-1474            'Suspension of a driver's license' defined.

8-1475            'Through highway' defined.

8-1475a           'Tow bar' defined.

8-1476            'Trackless trolley coach' defined.

8-1477            'Traffic' defined.

8-1478            'Traffic-control signal' defined.

8-1479            'Trailer' defined.

8-1480            'Transporter' defined.

8-1481            'Truck' defined.

8-1482            'Truck-camper' defined.

8-1483            'Truck tractor' defined.

8-1484            'Urban district' defined.

8-1485            'Vehicle' defined.

8-1486            Certain sections part of uniform act.

8-1487            National network of highways defined.

8-1488            Low-speed vehicle defined

8-1489            Electric-assisted bicycle defined

8-1490            Travel Trailer defined

8-1491            "Electric personal assistive mobility device" defined

8-1492            "School crossing guard" defined.

8-1493            'Work site utility vehicle' defined.

8-1494            "Micro Utility Truck" defined.

8-1495            "Golf Cart" defined.

8-1496            "Lightweight roadable vehicle" defined.

8-1497            "Autocycle" defined.

8-1401. Definitions applicable to uniform act regulating traffic on highways.

            As used in this act, the words and phrases defined in the sections of article 14 of chapter 8 of the Kansas Statutes Annotated, and amendatory thereof or supplemental thereto, shall have the meanings respectively ascribed to them therein.

History: L. 1974, ch. 33, § 8-1401; L. 1975, ch. 39, § 3; April 19.

8-1402. 'Alley' defined.

            'Alley' means a street or highway intended to provide access to the rear or side of lots or buildings in urban districts and not intended for the purpose of through vehicular traffic.

History: L. 1974, ch. 33, § 8-1402; July 1.

8-1402a. All-terrain vehicle defined.

            "All-terrain vehicle" means any motorized nonhighway vehicle 50 inches or less in width, having a dry weight of 1500 pounds or less, and traveling on three or more nonhighway tires.

History: L. 1996, ch. 220, § 1; L. 2005, ch. 71, § 2; L. 2009, ch. 91, § 5; April 23; L. 2015, ch. 12, § 2; July 1.

8-1403. 'Arterial street' defined.

            'Arterial street' means any U.S. or state numbered route, controlled access highway or other major radial or circumferential street or highway designated by local authorities within their respective jurisdictions as part of a major arterial system of streets or highways.

History: L. 1974, ch. 33, § 8-1403; July 1.

8-1404. Authorized emergency vehicle defined; exemptions.

            ‘‘Authorized emergency vehicle’’ means such fire department vehicles or police bicycles or police vehicles which are publicly owned; motor vehicles operated by ambulance services permitted by the emergency medical services board under the provisions of K.S.A. 65-6101 et seq., and amendments thereto; wreckers, tow trucks or car carriers, as defined by K.S.A. 66-1329, and amendments thereto, and having a certificate of public service from the state corporation commission; and such other publicly or privately owned vehicles which are designated as emergency vehicles pursuant to K.S.A. 8-2010, and amendments thereto.

History: L. 1974, ch. 33, § 8-1404; L. 1975, ch. 427, § 19; L. 1992, ch. 141, § 3; L. 1993, ch. 199, § 1; L. 1996, ch. 180, § 1; L. 2003, ch. 61, § 2 (HB 2158); July 1.

8-1405. 'Bicycle' defined.

            'Bicycle' means every device propelled by human power upon which any person may ride, having two (2) tandem wheels, either of which is more than fourteen (14) inches in diameter.

History: L. 1974, ch. 33, § 8-1405; July 1.

8-1406. 'Bus' defined.

            'Bus' means every motor vehicle designed for carrying more than ten (10) passengers and used for the transportation of persons; and every motor vehicle, other than a taxicab, designed and used for the transportation of persons for compensation.

History: L. 1974, ch. 33, § 8-1406; July 1.

8-1407. 'Business district' defined.

            'Business district' means the territory contiguous to and including a highway when within any six hundred (600) feet along such highway there are buildings in use for business or industrial purposes, including but not limited to hotels, banks or office buildings, railroad stations and public buildings which occupy at least three hundred (300) feet of frontage on one side or three hundred (300) feet collectively on both sides of the highway.

History: L. 1974, ch. 33, § 8-1407; July 1.

8-1408. Cancellation of a driver's license defined.

            'Cancellation of a driver's license' means the annulment or termination by formal action of the division of a person's driver's license because of some error or defect in the license or because the licensee is not entitled to such license, but the cancellation of a license is without prejudice, except for a cancellation because of a violation of K.S.A. 8-260, and amendments thereto, and application for a new license may be made at any time after such cancellation.

History: L. 1974, ch. 33, § 8-1408; L. 1975, ch. 39, § 4; L. 1996, ch. 219, § 5; July 1.

8-1409. 'Commission,' 'secretary' and 'department' defined.

            (a) 'Commission' means the secretary of transportation.

            (b) 'Secretary' means the secretary of transportation.

            (c) 'Department' means the department of transportation.

History: L. 1974, ch. 33, § 8-1409; L. 1975, ch. 426, § 42; Aug. 15.

8-1410. 'Controlled-access highway' defined.

            'Controlled-access highway' means every highway, street or roadway in respect to which owners or occupants of abutting lands and other persons have no legal right of access to or from the same, except at such points only and in such manner as may be determined by the public authority having jurisdiction over such highway, street or roadway.

History: L. 1974, ch. 33, § 8-1410; July 1.

8-1411. 'Crosswalk' defined.

            'Crosswalk' means: (a) That part of a roadway at an intersection included within the connections of the lateral lines of sidewalks on opposite sides of the highway measured from the curbs or, in the absence of curbs, from the edges of the traversable roadway; or

            (b) Any portion of a roadway at an intersection or elsewhere distinctly indicated for pedestrian crossing by lines or other markings on the surface.

History: L. 1974, ch. 33, § 8-1411; July 1.

8-1412. 'Director' defined.

            'Director' means the director of vehicles.

History: L. 1974, ch. 33, § 8-1412; July 1.

8-1413. 'Division' defined.

            'Division' means the division of vehicles of the department of revenue.

History: L. 1974, ch. 33; § 8-1413; July 1.

8-1414. 'Divided highway' defined.

            'Divided highway' means a highway divided into two (2) or more roadways by leaving an intervening space or by a physical barrier or by a clearly indicated dividing section so constructed as to impede vehicular traffic.

History: L. 1974, ch. 33, § 8-1414; July 1.

8-1414a. 'Drawbar' defined.

            'Drawbar' means a bar across the rear of a motor vehicle, or a device securely attached to the motor vehicle, which maintains a fixed position and to which a towbar may be coupled.

History: L. 1978, ch. 42, § 4; July 1.

8-1415. 'Driveaway-towaway operations' defined.

            'Driveaway-towaway operations' means any operation in which any motor vehicle, trailer or semitrailer, singly or in combination, new or used, constitutes the commodity being transported, when one set or more of wheels of any such vehicle are on the roadway during the course of transportation, whether or not any such vehicle furnishes the motive power.

History: L. 1974, ch. 33, § 8-1415; July 1.

8-1416. 'Driver' defined.

            'Driver' means every person who drives or is in actual physical control of a vehicle.

History: L. 1974, ch. 33, § 8-1416; July 1.

8-1417. 'Driver's license' defined.

            'Driver's license' means any license to operate a motor vehicle issued under the laws of this state.

History: L. 1974, ch. 33, § 8-1417; July 1.

8-1418. 'Essential parts' defined.

            'Essential parts' means all integral and body parts of a vehicle of a type required to be registered hereunder, the removal, alteration or substitution of which would tend to conceal the identity of the vehicle or substantially alter its appearance, model, type or mode of operation.

History: L. 1974, ch. 33, § 8-1418; July 1.

8-1419. 'Explosives' defined.

            'Explosives' means any chemical compound or mechanical mixture that is commonly used or intended for the purpose of producing an explosion, and which contains any oxidizing and combustive units or other ingredients in such proportions, quantities, or packing that an ignition by fire, by friction, by concussion, by percussion, or by detonator of any part of the compound or mixture may cause such a sudden generation of highly heated gases that the resultant gaseous pressures are capable of producing destructive effects on contiguous objects or of destroying life or limb.

History: L. 1974, ch. 33, § 8-1419; July 1.

8-1420. 'Farm tractor' defined.

            'Farm tractor' means every motor vehicle designed and used primarily as a farm implement for drawing plows, mowing machines and other implements of husbandry, and such term shall include every self-propelled implement of husbandry.

History: L. 1974, ch. 33, § 8-1420; July 1.

8-1421. 'Flammable liquid' defined.

            'Flammable liquid' means any liquid which has a flash point of 70 degrees Fahrenheit, or less, as determined by a tagliabue or equivalent closed-cup test device.

History: L. 1974, ch. 33, § 8-1421; July 1.

8-1422. 'Foreign vehicle' defined.

            'Foreign vehicle' means every vehicle of a type required to be registered hereunder brought into this state from another state, territory or country other than in the ordinary course of business by or through a manufacturer or dealer and not registered in this state.

History: L. 1974, ch. 33, § 8-1422; July 1.

8-1423. 'Gross weight' defined.

            'Gross weight' means the weight of a vehicle without load plus the weight of any load thereon.

History: L. 1974, ch. 33, § 8-1423; July 1.

8-1424. 'Highway' defined.

            'Highway' means the entire width between the boundary lines of every way publicly maintained when any part thereof is open to the use of the public for purposes of vehicular travel.

History: L. 1974, ch. 33, § 8-1424; July 1.

8-1425. 'House trailer' defined.

            (a) 'House trailer' means: (1) A trailer or semitrailer which is designed, constructed and equipped as a dwelling place, living abode or sleeping place, either permanently or temporarily, and is equipped for use as a conveyance on streets and highways; or

            (2) A trailer or a semitrailer whose chassis and exterior shell is designed and constructed for use as a house trailer, as defined in paragraph (a), but which is used instead permanently or temporarily for the advertising, sales, display or promotion of merchandise or services, or for any other commercial purpose except the transportation of property for hire or the transportation of property for distribution by a private carrier.

            (b) 'House trailer' does not include a manufactured home or a mobile home, as such terms are defined in K.S.A. 1991 Supp. 58-4202.

History: L. 1974, ch. 33, § 8-1425; L. 1991, ch. 33, § 16; July 1.

8-1426. 'Identifying numbers' defined.

            'Identifying numbers' means the numbers, and letters, if any, on a vehicle designated by the division for the purpose of identifying the vehicle.

History: L. 1974, ch. 33, § 8-1426; July 1.

8-1427. Implement of husbandry defined.

            'Implement of husbandry' means every vehicle designed or adapted and used exclusively for agricultural operations and only incidentally moved or operated upon the highways. Such term shall include, but not be limited to, a fertilizer spreader or nurse tank used exclusively for dispensing or spreading water, dust or liquid fertilizers or agricultural chemicals, as defined in K.S.A. 2-2202, and amendments thereto, regardless of ownership. For the purpose of this section or for the purpose of the act of which this section is a part, 'implement of husbandry' shall not include: (a) A truck mounted with a fertilizer spreader used or manufactured principally to spread animal dung; (b) a mixer-feed truck owned and used by a feedlot, as defined by K.S.A. 47-1501, and amendments thereto, and specially designed and used exclusively for dispensing feed to livestock in such feedlot; or (c) a truck permanently mounted with a spreader used exclusively for dispensing or spreading water, dust or liquid fertilizers or agricultural chemicals, as defined in K.S.A. 2-2202, and amendments thereto, regardless of ownership.

History: L. 1974, ch. 33, § 8-1427; L. 1975, ch. 39, § 5; L. 1980, ch. 30, § 2; L. 1994, ch. 235, § 3; July 1.

8-1428. 'Intersection' defined.

            'Intersection' means: (a) The area embraced within the prolongation or connection of the lateral curb lines, or, if none, then the lateral boundary lines of the roadways of two highways which join one another at, or approximately at, right angles, or the area within which vehicles traveling upon different highways joining at any other angle may come in conflict; or

            (b) Where a highway includes two (2) roadways thirty (30) feet or more apart, then every crossing of each roadway of such divided highway by an intersecting highway shall be regarded as a separate intersection. In the event such intersecting highway also includes two (2) roadways thirty (30) feet or more apart, then every crossing of two (2) roadways of such highways shall be regarded as a separate intersection.

            The junction of an alley with a street or highway shall not constitute an intersection.

History: L. 1974, ch. 33, § 8-1428; July 1.

8-1428a. 'Interstate system' defined.

            'Interstate system' means the national system of interstate and defense highways.

History: L. 1984, ch. 44, § 2; July 1.

8-1429. 'Laned roadway' defined.

            'Laned roadway' means a roadway which is divided into two (2) or more clearly marked lanes for vehicular traffic.

History: L. 1974, ch. 33, § 8-1429; July 1.

8-1430. 'License' and 'license to operate a motor vehicle' defined.

             'License' or 'license to operate a motor vehicle' means any driver's license or any other license or permit to operate a motor vehicle issued under, or granted by, the laws of this state, including:

            (a) Any temporary license, or instruction permit;

            (b) the privilege of any person to drive a motor vehicle whether or not such person holds a valid license; and

            (c) any nonresident's operating privilege.

History: L. 1974, ch. 33, § 8-1430; July 1.

8-1431. 'Lienholder' defined.

            'Lienholder' means a person holding a security interest in a vehicle.

History: L. 1974, ch. 33, § 8-1431; July 1.

8-1432. 'Local authorities' defined.

            'Local authorities' means the Kansas turnpike authority and every city, county and other local board or body having authority to adopt ordinances or regulations relating to vehicular traffic under the constitution and laws of this state.

History: L. 1974, ch. 33, § 8-1432; July 1.

8-1433. 'Mail' defined.

            'Mail' means to deposit in the United States mail properly addressed and with postage prepaid.

History: L. 1974, ch. 33, § 8-1433; July 1.

8-1434. 'Manufacturer' defined.

            'Manufacturer' means every person engaged in the business of constructing or assembling vehicles of a type required to be registered in this state.

History: L. 1974, ch. 33, § 8-1434; July 1.

8-1435. 'Metal tire' defined.

            'Metal tire' means every tire, the surface of which in contact with the highway, is wholly or partly of metal or other hard non-resilient material.

History: L. 1974, ch. 33, § 8-1435; July 1.

8-1436. 'Motor home' defined.

            'Motor home' means every motor vehicle designed to provide temporary living quarters for recreational, camping or travel use.

History: L. 1974, ch. 33, § 8-1436; L. 2013, ch. 92, § 3; July 1.

8-1437. Motor vehicle defined.

            'Motor vehicle' means every vehicle, other than a motorized bicycle or a motorized wheelchair, which is self-propelled and every vehicle which is propelled by electric power obtained from overhead trolley wires, but not operated upon rails.

History: L. 1974, ch. 33, § 8-1437; L. 1976, ch. 42, § 3; L. 1992, ch. 166, § 2; July 1.

8-1438. 'Motorcycle' defined.

            'Motorcycle' means every motor vehicle, including autocycles, having a seat or saddle for the use of the rider and designed to travel on not more than three wheels in contact with the ground, but excluding a tractor.

History: L. 1974, ch. 33, § 8-1438; L. 2015, ch. 48, § 5; May 14.

8-1439. 'Motor-driven cycle' defined.

            "Motor-driven cycle" means every motorcycle, including every motor scooter, with a motor which produces not to exceed five brake horse- power, and every bicycle with motor attached, except a motorized bicycle or an electric-assisted bicycle.

History: L. 1974, ch. 33, § 8-1439; L. 1976, ch. 42, § 4; L. 1980, ch. 42, § 1; L. 2000, ch. 179, § 17; July 1.

8-1439a. 'Motorized bicycle' defined.

            "Motorized bicycle" means every device having two tandem wheels or three wheels which may be propelled by either human power or helper motor, or by both, and which has:

            (a) A motor which produces not more than 3.5 brake horsepower;

            (b) a cylinder capacity of not more than 130 cubic centimeters;

            (c) an automatic transmission; and

            (d) the capability of a maximum design speed of no more than 30 miles per hour except a low power cycle.

History: L. 1976, ch. 42, § 5; L. 1977, ch. 28, § 4; L. 1978, ch. 29, § 2; L. 1980, ch. 42, § 2; L. 1982, ch. 36, § 3; L. 1985, ch. 42, § 2; L. 2000, ch. 179, § 18; July 1.

8-1439c. Motorized wheelchair defined.

            'Motorized wheelchair' means any self-propelled vehicle designed specifically for use by a physically disabled person that is incapable of a speed in excess of 15 miles per hour.

History: L. 1992, ch. 166, § 4; July 1.

8-1440. 'Nonresident' defined.

            'Nonresident' means every person who is not a resident of this state.

History: L. 1974, ch. 33, § 8-1440; July 1.

8-1441. 'Nonresident's operating privilege' defined.

            'Nonresident's operating privilege' means the privilege conferred upon a nonresident by the laws of this state pertaining to the operation by such person of a motor vehicle, or the use of a vehicle owned by such person, in this state.

History: L. 1974, ch. 33, § 8-1441; July 1.

8-1442. 'Official traffic-control devices' defined.

            'Official traffic-control devices' means all signs, signals, markings, and devices, not inconsistent with this act, placed or erected by authority of a public body or official having jurisdiction for the purpose of regulating, warning, or guiding traffic.

History: L. 1974, ch. 33, § 8-1442; July 1.

8-1443. 'Owner' defined.

            'Owner' means a person, other than a lienholder, having the property in or title to a vehicle; and such term includes a person entitled to the use and possession of a vehicle subject to a security interest in another person, but excludes a lessee under a lease not intended as security.

History: L. 1974, ch. 33, § 8-1443; July 1.

8-1444. 'Park' and 'parking' defined.

            'Park' or 'parking' means the standing of a vehicle, whether occupied or not, otherwise than temporarily for the purpose of and while actually engaged in loading or unloading property or passengers.

History: L. 1974, ch. 33, § 8-1444; July 1.

8-1445. 'Passenger car' defined.

            'Passenger car' means every motor vehicle, except motorcycles and motor-driven cycles, designed for carrying ten (10) passengers or less and used for the transportation of persons.

History: L. 1974, ch. 33, § 8-1445; July 1.

8-1446. Pedestrian defined.

            'Pedestrian' means:

            (a) Any person afoot or;

            (b) any person in a wheelchair, either manually or mechanically propelled, or other low powered, mechanically propelled vehicle designed specifically for use by a physically disabled person; or

            (c) any person using an electric personal assistive mobility device.

History: L. 1974, ch. 33, § 8-1446; L. 1992, ch. 166, § 3; L. 2002, Ch. 16, § 3 (HB 2663); July 1.

8-1447. 'Person' defined.

            'Person' means every natural person, firm, association, partnership or corporation.

History: L. 1974, ch. 33, § 8-1447; L. 1975, ch. 39, § 6; April 19.

8-1448. 'Pneumatic tire' defined.

            'Pneumatic tire' means every tire in which compressed air is designed to support the load.

History: L. 1974, ch. 33, § 8-1448; July 1.

8-1449. 'Pole trailer' defined.

            'Pole trailer' means every vehicle without motive power designed to be drawn by another vehicle and attached to the towing vehicle by means of a reach or pole, or by being boomed or otherwise secured to the towing vehicle, and ordinarily used for transporting long or irregular shaped loads such as poles, pipes or structural members capable, generally, of sustaining themselves as beams between the supporting connections.

History: L. 1974, ch. 33, § 8-1449; July 1.

8-1450. 'Police officer' defined.

            'Police officer' means every law enforcement officer, as defined by K.S.A. 21-5111, authorized to direct or regulate traffic or to make arrests for violations of traffic regulations.

History: L. 1974, ch. 33, § 8-1450; L. 2011, ch. 30, § 94; July 1.

8-1451. 'Private road or driveway' defined.

            'Private road or driveway' means every way or place in private ownership and used for vehicular travel by the owner and those having express or implied permission from the owner, but not by other persons.

History: L. 1974, ch. 33, § 8-1451; July 1.

8-1452. 'Railroad' defined.

            'Railroad' means a carrier of persons or property upon cars operated upon stationary rails.

History: L. 1974, ch. 33, § 8-1452; July 1.

8-1453. 'Railroad sign or signal' defined.

            'Railroad sign or signal' means any sign, signal or device erected by authority of a public body or official or by a railroad and intended to give notice of the presence of railroad tracks or the approach of a railroad train.

History: L. 1974, ch. 33, § 8-1453; July 1.

8-1454. 'Railroad train' defined.

            'Railroad train' means a steam engine, electric or other motor, with or without cars coupled thereto, operated upon rails.

History: L. 1974, ch. 33, § 8-1454; July 1.

8-1455. 'Registration' defined.

            'Registration' means the registration certificate or certificates and registration plates issued under the laws of this state pertaining to the registration of vehicles.

History: L. 1974, ch. 33, § 8-1455; July 1.

8-1456. 'Residence district' defined.

            'Residence district' means the territory contiguous to and including a highway not comprising a business district when the property on such highway for a distance of three hundred (300) feet or more is improved, in the main, with residences or residences and buildings in use for business.

History: L. 1974, ch. 33, § 8-1456; July 1.

8-1457. 'Revocation of driver's license' defined.

            'Revocation of driver's license' means the termination by formal action of the division of a person's license or privilege to operate a motor vehicle on the highways, which termination shall not be subject to renewal or restoration except that an application for a new license may be presented and acted upon by the division after the expiration of the applicable period of time prescribed in K.S.A. 8-256, and any amendments thereto.

History: L. 1974, ch. 33, § 8-1457; L. 1975, ch. 39, § 7; April 19.

8-1458. 'Right-of-way' defined.

            'Right-of-way' means the right of one vehicle or pedestrian to proceed in a lawful manner in preference to another vehicle or pedestrian approaching under such circumstances of direction, speed and proximity as to give rise to danger of collision unless one grants precedence to the other.

History: L. 1974, ch. 33, § 8-1458; July 1.

8-1458a. Road construction zone defined.

            'Road construction zone' means the portions of a highway which is identified by posted or moving signs as being a construction or maintenance work area. The zone starts at the first sign identifying the zone and continues until a posted or moving sign indicates that the road construction zone has ended.

History: L. 1994, ch. 220, § 1; April 21.

8-1459. 'Roadway' defined.

            'Roadway' means that portion of a highway improved, designed, or ordinarily used for vehicular travel, exclusive of the berm or shoulder. In the event a highway includes two (2) or more separate roadways the term 'roadway' as used herein shall refer to any such roadway separately but not to all such roadways collectively.

History: L. 1974, ch. 33, § 8-1459; July 1.

8-1459a. 'Safety hitch' defined.

            'Safety hitch' means a chain, cable, or other material of sufficient weight which will prevent the towed vehicle from breaking loose in the event the towbar or drawbar fails or becomes disconnected.

History: L. 1978, ch. 42, § 5; July 1.

8-1460. 'Safety zone' defined.

            'Safety zone' means the area or space officially set apart within a roadway for the exclusive use of pedestrians and which is protected or is so marked or indicated by adequate signs as to be plainly visible at all times while set apart as a safety zone.

History: L. 1974, ch. 33, § 8-1460; July 1.

8-1461. 'School bus' defined.

            'School bus' means every motor vehicle defined and designated as a school bus in subsection (g) (1) of K.S.A. 72-8301.

History: L. 1974, ch. 33, § 8-1461; L. 1976, ch. 40, § 1; L. 1977, ch. 42, § 1; L. 1978, ch. 303, § 1; March 31.

8-1462. 'Security agreement' defined.

            'Security agreement' means a written agreement which reserves or creates a security interest.

History: L. 1974, ch. 33, § 8-1462; July 1.

8-1463. 'Security interest' defined.

            'Security interest' means an interest in a vehicle reserved or created by agreement and which secures payment or performance of an obligation. The term includes the interest of a lessor under a lease intended as security. A security interest is 'perfected' when it is valid against third parties generally, subject only to specific statutory exceptions.

History: L. 1974, ch. 33, § 8-1463; July 1.

8-1464. 'Semitrailer' defined.

            'Semitrailer' means every vehicle with or without motive power, other than a pole trailer, designed for carrying persons or property and for being drawn by a motor vehicle, and so constructed that some part of its weight and that of its load rests upon or is carried by another vehicle.

History: L. 1974, ch. 33, § 8-1464; July 1.

8-1465. 'Sidewalk' defined.

            'Sidewalk' means that portion of a street between the curb lines, or the lateral lines of a roadway, and the adjacent property lines intended for use by pedestrians.

History: L. 1974, ch. 33, § 8-1465; July 1.

8-1466. 'Solid rubber tire' defined.

            'Solid rubber tire' means every tire of rubber or other resilient material which does not depend upon compressed air for the support of the load.

History: L. 1974, ch. 33, § 8-1466; July 1.

8-1467. 'Special mobile equipment' defined.

            'Special mobile equipment' means every vehicle not designed or used primarily for the transportation of persons or property and only incidentally operated or moved over a highway, including but not limited to: Ditch digging apparatus, well boring apparatus and road construction and maintenance machinery such as asphalt spreaders, bituminous mixers, bucket loaders, tractors other than truck tractors, ditchers, leveling graders, finishing machines, motor graders, road rollers, scarifiers, earth moving carry-alls and scrapers, power shovels and drag lines, and self-propelled cranes and earth moving equipment. The term does not include house trailers, dump trucks, truck mounted transit mixers, cranes or shovels, or other vehicles designed for the transportation of persons or property to which machinery has been attached.

History: L. 1974, ch. 33, § 8-1467; July 1.

8-1468. 'Specially constructed vehicle' defined.

            'Specially constructed vehicle' means every vehicle of a type required to be registered in this state, not originally constructed under a distinctive name, make, model or type by a generally recognized manufacturer of vehicles and not materially altered from its original construction.

History: L. 1974, ch. 33, § 8-1468; July 1.

8-1469. 'Stand' and 'standing' defined.

            'Stand' or 'standing' means the halting of a vehicle, whether occupied or not, otherwise than temporarily for the purpose of and while actually engaged in receiving or discharging passengers.

History: L. 1974, ch. 33, § 8-1469; July 1.

8-1470. 'State' defined.

            'State' means a state, territory or possession of the United States, the District of Columbia, the Commonwealth of Puerto Rico or a province of the Dominion of Canada.

History: L. 1974, ch. 33, § 8-1470; July 1.

8-1471. 'Stop' when required, defined.

            'Stop' when required means complete cessation from movement.

History: L. 1974, ch. 33, § 8-1471; July 1.

8-1472. 'Stop' and 'stopping,' when prohibited, defined.

            'Stop' or 'stopping' when prohibited means any halting, even momentarily, of a vehicle, whether occupied or not, except when necessary to avoid conflict with other traffic or in compliance with the directions of a police officer or traffic-control sign or signal.

History: L. 1974, ch. 33, § 8-1472; July 1.

8-1473. 'Street' defined.

            'Street' means the entire width between the boundary lines of every way publicly maintained when any part thereof is open to the use of the public for purposes of vehicular traffic.

History: L. 1974, ch. 33, § 8-1473; July 1.

8-1474. 'Suspension of a driver's license' defined.

            'Suspension of a driver's license' means the temporary withdrawal by formal action of the division of a person's license or privilege to operate a motor vehicle on the highways.

History: L. 1974, ch. 33, § 8-1474; L. 1975, ch. 39, § 8; L. 1990, ch. 44, § 5; Jan. 1, 1991.

8-1475. 'Through highway' defined.

            'Through highway' means every highway or portion thereof on which vehicular traffic is given preferential right-of-way, and at the entrances to which vehicular traffic from intersecting highways is required by law to yield the right-of-way to vehicles on such highway in obedience to either a stop sign, yield sign or other traffic-control device, when such signs or devices are erected as provided in this act.

History: L. 1974, ch. 33, § 8-1475; July 1.

8-1475a. 'Tow bar' defined.

            'Tow bar' means a rigid piece of material which is structurally adequate to hold any weight vehicle towed and which is properly and securely mounted to the towed vehicle without excessive slack but with sufficient play to allow for universal action of the connection and which is equipped with a suitable locking device to prevent accidental separation of the towing vehicle and the towed vehicle.

History: L. 1978, ch. 42, § 3; July 1.

8-1476. 'Trackless trolley coach' defined.

            'Trackless trolley coach' means every motor vehicle which is propelled by electric power obtained from overhead trolley wires but not operated upon rails.

History: L. 1974, ch. 33, § 8-1476; July 1.

8-1477. 'Traffic' defined.

            'Traffic' means pedestrians, ridden or herded animals, vehicles and other conveyances either singly or together while using any highway for purposes of travel.

History: L. 1974, ch. 33, § 8-1477; July 1.

8-1478. 'Traffic-control signal' defined.

            'Traffic-control signal' means any device, whether manually, electrically or mechanically operated, by which traffic is alternately directed to stop and permitted to proceed.

History: L. 1974, ch. 33, § 8-1478; July 1.

8-1479. 'Trailer' defined.

            'Trailer' means every vehicle with or without motive power, other than a pole trailer, designed for carrying persons or property and for being drawn by a motor vehicle, and so constructed that no part of its weight rests upon the towing vehicle.

History: L. 1974, ch. 33, § 8-1479; July 1.

8-1480. 'Transporter' defined.

            'Transporter' means every person engaged in the business of delivering vehicles, of a type required to be registered in this state, from a manufacturing, assembling or distributing plant to dealers or sales agents of a manufacturer.

History: L. 1974, ch. 33, § 8-1480; July 1.

8-1481. 'Truck' defined.

            'Truck' means every motor vehicle designed, used or maintained primarily for the transportation of property.

History: L. 1974, ch. 33, § 8-1481; July 1.

8-1482. 'Truck-camper' defined.

            'Truck-camper' means any structure designed, used or maintained primarily to be loaded on or affixed to a motor vehicle to provide a mobile dwelling, sleeping place, office or commercial space.

History: L. 1974, ch. 33, § 8-1482; July 1.

8-1483. 'Truck tractor' defined.

            'Truck tractor' means every motor vehicle designed and used primarily for drawing other vehicles and not so constructed as to carry a load other than a part of the weight of the vehicle and load so drawn.

History: L. 1974, ch. 33, § 8-1483; July 1.

8-1484. 'Urban district' defined.

            'Urban district' means the territory contiguous to and including any street which is built up with structures devoted to business, industry or dwelling houses, situated at intervals of less than one hundred (100) feet for a distance of a quarter of a mile or more.

History: L. 1974, ch. 33, § 8-1484; July 1.

8-1485. 'Vehicle' defined.

            "Vehicle" means every device in, upon or by which any person or property is or may be transported or drawn upon a highway, except electric personal assistive mobility devices or devices moved by human power or used exclusively upon stationary rails or tracks.

History: L. 1974, ch. 33, § 8-1485; L. 2002, Ch. 16, § 4 (HB 2663); July 1.

8-1486. Certain sections part of uniform act.

            K.S.A. 8-1402a, 8-1414a, 8-1439c, 8-1458a, 8-1459a, 8-1475a, 8-1487, 8-1488, 8-1489 and 8-1490 and amendments thereto, and K.S.A. 2014 Supp. 8-1491, 8-1492, 8-1493, 8-1494, and 8-1495 and 8-1496, and K.S.A. 2015 Supp. 8-1497 and amendments thereto, shall be a part of, and supplemental to, the uniform act regulating traffic on highways.

History: L. 1978, ch. 42, § 6; L. 1992, ch. 166, § 5; L. 1994, ch. 220, § 3; L. 1996, ch. 220, § 7; L. 1998, ch. 193, § 2; L. 2000 ch. 179, § 19; L. 2001, ch. 19, § 3; L. 2002, ch. 16, § 5; L. 2006, ch. 134, § 4; L. 2007, ch. 140, § 6; L. 2008, ch. 167, § 6; L. 2009, ch. 119, § 6, L. 2011, ch. 66, § 3; L. 2015, ch. 48, § 7; May 14.

8-1487. National network of highways defined.

            'National network of highways' means the interstate system, other United States designated highways and all state highways.

History: L. 1998, ch. 193, § 1; May 28.

8-1488. Low-speed vehicle defined.

            "Low-speed vehicle" means any four-wheeled electric vehicle whose top speed is greater than 20 miles per hour but not greater than 25 miles per hour and is manufactured in compliance with the national highway and traffic safety administration standards for low-speed vehicles in 49 C.F.R. 571.500.

History: L. 2000, ch. 179, § 2; July 1.

8-1489. Electric-assisted bicycle defined.

            "Electric-assisted bicycle" means a bicycle with two or three wheels, a saddle, fully operative pedals for human propulsion, and an electric motor. The electric-assisted bicycle's electric motor must have a power output of no more than 1,000 watts, be incapable of propelling the device at a speed of more than 20 miles per hour on level ground and incapable of further increasing the speed of the device when human power alone is used to propel the device beyond 20 miles per hour.

History: L. 2000, ch. 179, § 4; July 1.

8-1490. "Travel Trailer" Defined

            ‘‘Travel trailer’’ means every vehicle without motive power designed to be towed by a motor vehicle constructed primarily for recreational purposes.

History: L. 2001, ch. 19, § 1; July 1.

8-1491. "Electric personal assistive mobility device" defined.

            "Electric personal assistive mobility device" means a self-balancing two nontandem wheeled device, designed to transport only one person, with an electric propulsion system that limits the maximum speed of the device to 15 miles per hour or less.

L. 2002, Ch. 16, § 1 (HB 2663); July 1.

8-1492. "School crossing guard: defined.

            "School crossing guard" means any person 18 years of age and older or any person under 18 years of age who is being directly supervised by a person at least 18 years of age, acting with or without compensation and who is authorized under section 3, and amendments thereto, to supervise, direct, monitor or otherwise assist school children at a street or intersection in the vicinity of a school crosswalk or bus stop.

History: L. 2006, ch. 134, § 2; July 1.

8-1493. "Work site utility vehicle" defined.

            "Work-site utility vehicle" means any motor vehicle which is not less than 48 inches in width, has an unladen weight, including fuel and fluids, of more than 800 pounds and is equipped with four or more nonhighway tires, a steering wheel and bench or bucket-type seating allowing at least two people to sit side-by-side, and may be equipped with a bed or cargo box for hauling materials. "Work-site utility vehicle" does not include a micro utility truck.

History: L. 2007, ch. 140, § 4, L. 2008, ch. 167, § 7; L. 2015, ch. 12, § 3; July 1.

8-1494. "Micro utility truck" defined.

            "Micro utility truck" means any motor vehicle which is not less than 48 inches in width, has an overall length, including the bumper, of not more than 160 inches, has an unladen weight, including fuel and fluids, of more than 1,500 pounds, can exceed 40 miles per hour as originally manufactured and is manufactured with a metal cab. "Micro utility truck" does not include a work-site utility vehicle.

History: L. 2008, ch. 167, § 1; L. 2009, ch, 119, § 7, July 1.

8-1495. "Golf Cart" defined.

            "Golf cart" means a motor vehicle that has not less than three wheels in contact with the ground, an unladen weight of not more than 1,800 pounds, is designed to be and is operated at not more than 25 miles per hour and is designed to carry not more than four persons including the driver.

History: L. 2009, ch. 119, § 1, July 1.

8-1496. "Lightweight roadable vehicle" defined.

            "Lightweight roadable vehicle" means a multipurpose motor vehicle that is allowed to be driven on public roadways and is required to be registered with, and flown under the direction of, the federal aviation administration.

History: L. 2011, ch. 66, § 1; July 1.

8-1497. "Autocycle" defined.

            "Autocycle" means a three-wheel motorcycle that has a steering wheel and seating that does not require the operator to straddle or sit astride it.

History: L. 2015, ch. 48, § 1; May 14.