Kansas Criminal Procedure Code

K.S.A. Chapter 22

Article 45 - Aid to Indigent Defendants

Current Through end of 2012 Legislative Session

22-4501          Panel of attorneys for indigents' defense services; eligibility; amendment, review and approval; appointments to aid defendants, method.

22-4502          Same; procedure to obtain services for representation before appearance.

22-4503          Entitlement of defendant to counsel; appointment of counsel, when; access to defendant; duty of appointed counsel.

22-4504          Same; determination of indigency; partial indigency, effect; disposition of payments for appointed counsel services.

22-4505          Appeals; record; capital murder cases; appointment of counsel; assignment, standards and compensation.

22-4506          Persons in custody after felony conviction; habeas corpus or 60-1507 motions; capital murder cases; appointment of counsel; assignment, standards and compensation.

22-4507          Compensation and reimbursement of expenses for services to indigents; procedures for payment.

22-4508          Same; investigative, expert and other services; ex parte proceedings; compensation; claim, approval, payment.

22-4509          Same; transcripts.

22-4510          Same; reimbursement of state treasury; payment under act exclusive.

22-4511          Same; termination of appointment or reimbursement after appointment of counsel, when; counsel after proceedings begun; substitutions.

22-4512          Transfer of funds to general fund; liabilities imposed on state board; special funds abolished.

22-4512a         Duties of court appointing counsel or authorizing expenditures to be charged against fund.

22-4513          Liability of defendant for expenditures by state board; judgment; determination of amount and method of payment; liability of others for expenditures.

22-4514a         Domestic nonprofit corporations providing legal services to indigent inmates; submission of budget to state board; payments to corporation; annual statement of expenditures.

22-4515          Same; severability.

22-4518          Same; applicability of laws relating to aid to indigent defendants.

22-4519          State board of indigents' defense services; appointment and terms; qualifications.

22-4520          Same; prohibition on interfering with professional duties of counsel.

22-4521          Same; meetings; officers; quorum; compensation and allowances.

22-4522          State board of indigents' defense services; powers and duties.

22-4523          Same; additional powers.

22-4524          State director of indigents' defense services; civil service status of director and other officers and employees.

22-4525          Same; duties.

22-4526          Disposition of moneys received under contracts with cities and counties.

22-4527          Abolition of board of supervisors of panels to aid indigent defendants; transfer of officers and employees, rules and regulations, directives and standards, and records and property to new board; existing defense services systems continued subject to...

22-4528          Citation of act.

22-4529          Entitlement of defendant to counsel; application fee; disposition of moneys.


22-4501. Panel of attorneys for indigents' defense services; eligibility; amendment, review and approval; appointments to aid defendants, method.

            (a) The judge or judges of the district court of each county shall prepare, and file in the office of the clerk of the district court, a list of attorneys who are eligible for assignment to represent indigent persons accused of crimes, such list to be known as the panel for indigents' defense services.

            (b) Each member of the panel for indigents' defense services shall be available to represent indigent defendants upon the appointment of any judge of the district court of the judicial district in which such member maintains an office for the practice of law, or any adjacent judicial district. All such appointments shall be in accordance with the applicable system for providing legal defense services for indigent persons prescribed by the state board of indigents' defense services for the county or judicial district. A judge of the district court may appoint an attorney who is a member of the panel for indigents' defense services of a county other than the county where the case is pending only after such judge of the district court has found that no member of the panel for indigents' defense services of the county where the case is pending is eligible or qualified to represent the defendant.

            (c) The panel for indigents' defense services may be amended by the addition of names thereto or the deletion of names therefrom whenever the removal of attorneys to or from the district or any other cause makes such action appropriate, and at least once annually it shall be reviewed and approved by the judge or judges of the district court of the county.

(d) The state board of indigents' defense services shall provide by rule and regulation for the assignment of attorneys to the panel for indigents' defense services, for the distribution of the list of panel members to the judges of the district court and law enforcement officials of the judicial district, and for the appointment, by rotation or otherwise, of counsel from the panel for indigents' defense services to represent indigent persons charged with crimes in such cases and under such circumstances as may be required by law.

History: L. 1969, ch. 291, § 1; L. 1976, ch. 145, § 110; L. 1982, ch. 142, § 11; July 1.

22-4502. Same; procedure to obtain services for representation before appearance.

            The state board for indigents' defense services shall prescribe by rule and regulation the procedure to be followed by law enforcement officials in obtaining the services of counsel from the panel for indigents' defense services to represent indigent persons detained by such law enforcement officials prior to appearance before a court.

History: L. 1969, ch. 291, § 2; L. 1982, ch. 142, § 12; July 1.

22-4503. Entitlement of defendant to counsel; appointment of counsel, when; access to defendant; duty of appointed counsel.

            (a) A defendant charged by the state of Kansas in a complaint, information or indictment with any felony is entitled to have the assistance of counsel at every stage of the proceedings against such defendant and a defendant in an extradition proceeding, or a habeas corpus proceeding pursuant to K.S.A. 22-2710 and amendments thereto, is entitled to have assistance of counsel at such proceeding. A person subject to an order or commitment pursuant to K.S.A. 22-3428 or K.S.A. 2001 Supp. 59-2965 and amendments thereto, shall be entitled to the assistance of counsel at every stage of a habeas corpus proceeding brought by such person and the provisions of this section relating to defendants shall be applicable to such persons.

            (b) If such a defendant appears before any court without counsel to assist and conduct the defendant's defense, it shall be the duty of the court to inform the defendant that such defendant is entitled to counsel and that counsel will be appointed to represent the defendant if the defendant is not financially able to employ an attorney. The court shall give the defendant an opportunity to employ counsel of the defendant's own choosing if the defendant states the defendant is able to do so. If the defendant asks to consult with counsel of the defendant's own choosing, the defendant shall be given a reasonable opportunity to do so.

            (c) If it is determined that the defendant is not able to employ counsel, as provided in K.S.A. 22-4504 and amendments thereto, the court shall appoint an attorney from the panel for indigents' defense services or otherwise in accordance with the applicable system for providing legal defense services for indigent persons prescribed by the state board of indigents' defense services for the county or judicial district. A record of the proceedings provided for by this section shall be entered in the journal, and any order binding the defendant for trial or directing further detention upon the charge and the journal entry of trial and judgment shall recite the substance of such proceedings.

            (d) Counsel employed by or appointed for the defendant shall have free access to the defendant at all times for the purpose of conferring with the defendant relative to the charge, for advising the defendant respecting the defendant's plea and for the preparation of the defense, if a defense is to be made. It is the duty of an attorney appointed by the court to represent a defendant, without charge to such defendant, to inform the defendant fully of the crime charged against the defendant and the penalty therefor, and in all respects fully and fairly to represent the defendant in the action.

            (e) If, after the attorney's appointment, the attorney learns that the defendant has funds or other resources sufficient to enable the defendant to employ counsel, the attorney shall report these facts to the court and ask permission to withdraw from the case or to be permitted to accept compensation for services.

History: L. 1969, ch. 291, § 3; L. 1979, ch. 100, § 1; L. 1979, ch. 97, § 3; L. 1982, ch. 142, § 13; L. 1996, ch. 167, § 46; Apr. 18.

22-4504. Same; determination of indigency; partial indigency, effect; disposition of payments for appointed counsel services.

            (a) When any defendant who is entitled to have the assistance of counsel, under the provisions of K.S.A. 22-4503, and amendments thereto, claims to be financially unable to employ counsel, the court shall require that the defendant file an affidavit containing such information and in the form as prescribed by rules and regulations adopted by the state board of indigents' defense services. The affidavit filed by the defendant shall become a part of the permanent file of the case. The court may interrogate the defendant under oath concerning the contents of the affidavit and may direct the county or district attorney, sheriff, marshal or other officer of the county to investigate and report upon the financial condition of the defendant and may also require the production of evidence upon the issue of the defendant's financial inability to employ counsel.

            (b) Upon the basis of the defendant's affidavit, the defendant's statements under oath, and such other competent evidence as may be brought to the attention of the court, which shall be made part of the record in the case, the court shall determine whether the defendant is financially unable to employ counsel. In making such determination the court shall consider the defendant's assets and income; the amount needed for the payment of reasonable and necessary expenses incurred, or which must be incurred to support the defendant and the defendant's immediate family; the anticipated cost of effective representation by employed counsel; and any property which may have been transferred or conveyed by the defendant to any person without adequate monetary consideration after the commission of the alleged crime. If the defendant's assets and income are not sufficient to cover the anticipated cost of effective representation by employed counsel when the length and complexity of the anticipated proceedings are taken fully into account, the defendant shall be determined indigent in full or in part and the court shall appoint an attorney as provided in K.S.A. 22-4503, and amendments thereto. If the court determines that the defendant is financially able to employ counsel, the court shall so advise the defendant and shall give the defendant a reasonable opportunity to employ an attorney of the defendant's own choosing. All determinations by a court as to whether a defendant is financially unable to employ counsel shall be subject to and in accordance with rules and regulations adopted by the state board of indigents' defense services under this act.

            (c) The court shall inform the defendant for whom counsel is appointed that the amount expended by the state in providing counsel and other defense services may be entered as a judgment against the defendant if the defendant is convicted and found to be financially able to pay the amount, and that an action to recover such amount may be brought against any person to whom the defendant may have transferred or conveyed any of the defendant's property without adequate monetary consideration after the date of the commission of the alleged crime. A determination by the court that the defendant is financially unable to employ counsel or pay other costs of the defendant's defense may preclude a recovery from the defendant but may not preclude recovery from any person to whom the defendant may have transferred or conveyed any property without adequate monetary consideration after the date of the commission of the alleged crime.

            (d) If found to be indigent in part, the defendant shall be promptly informed of the terms under which the defendant may be expected to pay for counsel. Any payments pursuant to such terms shall apply upon any judgment entered pursuant to K.S.A. 22-4513, and amendments thereto. Payments made for services of appointed counsel provided under K.S.A. 22-4503, and amendments thereto, shall be paid to the clerk of the district court. The clerk of the district court shall remit all moneys received as payment for services of appointed counsel under this section to the state board of indigents' defense services at least monthly and the board shall remit all moneys received under this section to the state treasurer in accordance with the provisions of K.S.A. 75-4215, and amendments thereto. Upon receipt of each such remittance, the state treasurer shall deposit the entire amount in the state treasury to the credit of the state general fund.

            (e) The determination that a defendant is indigent or partially indigent shall be subject to review at any time by any court before whom the cause is then pending.

            (f) The state board of indigents' defense services shall adopt rules and regulations in accordance with K.S.A. 77-415 et seq., and amendments thereto, relating to the income, assets and anticipated costs of representation for the purpose of determining whether a defendant is financially able to employ counsel and the ability of a defendant to contribute to the cost of the defendant's legal defense services.

            (g) Whenever it is determined that electronic access to court records is necessary to present a defendant’s cause adequately and it is further determined that the defendant is indigent, the court having jurisdiction in the matter shall order that the records be supplied to the defendant, at no charge, by the electronic access service. The state board of indigents’ defense services shall be exempt from paying user fees to access electronic court records.

History: L. 1969, ch. 291, § 4; L. 1979, ch. 101, § 1; L. 1981, ch. 157, § 1; L. 1982, ch. 142, § 14; L. 1997, ch. 181, § 22; L. 2001, ch. 5, § 82; L. 2006, ch. 148, § 3; July 1.

22-4505. Appeals; record; capital murder cases; appointment of counsel; assignment, standards and compensation.

            (a) When a defendant has been convicted in the district court of any felony, the court shall inform the defendant of such defendant's right to appeal the conviction to the appellate court having jurisdiction and that if the defendant is financially unable to pay the costs of such appeal such defendant may request the court to appoint an attorney to represent the defendant on appeal and to direct that the defendant be supplied with a transcript of the trial record.

            (b) If the defendant files an affidavit stating that the defendant intends to take an appeal in the case and if the court determines, as provided in K.S.A. 22-4504 and amendments thereto, that the defendant is not financially able to employ counsel, the court shall appoint counsel from the panel for indigents' defense services or otherwise in accordance with the applicable system for providing legal defense services for indigent persons prescribed by the state board of indigents' defense services, to represent the defendant and to perfect and handle the appeal. If the defendant files a verified motion for transcript stating that a transcript of the trial record is necessary to enable the defendant to prosecute the appeal and that the defendant is not financially able to pay the cost of procuring such transcript, and if the court finds that the statements contained therein are true, the court shall order that such transcript be supplied to the defendant as provided in K.S.A. 22-4509 and amendments thereto and paid for by the state board of indigents' defense services pursuant to claims submitted therefor.

            (c) Upon an appeal or petition for certiorari addressed to the supreme court of the United States, if the defendant is without means to pay the cost of making and forwarding the necessary records, the supreme court of Kansas may by order provide for the furnishing of necessary records.

            (d) (1) The state board of indigents' defense services shall provide by rule and regulation for: (A) The assignment of attorneys to the panel for indigents' defense services to represent indigent persons who have been convicted of capital murder and are under sentence of death, in the direct review of the judgment;

            (B) standards of competency and qualification for the appointment of counsel in capital cases under this section; and

            (C) the reasonable compensation of counsel appointed to represent individuals convicted of capital murder and under a sentence of death in the appeal of such cases and for reasonable and necessary litigation expense associated with such appeals.

(2) If a defendant has been convicted of capital murder and is under a sentence of death, the district court shall make a determination on the record whether the defendant is indigent. Upon a finding that the defendant is indigent and accepts the offer of representation or is unable competently to decide whether to accept or reject the offer, the court shall appoint one or more counsel, in accordance with subsection (d)(1), to represent the defendant. If the defendant rejects the offer of representation, the court shall find on the record, after a hearing if necessary, whether the defendant rejected the offer of representation with the understanding of its legal consequences. The court shall deny the appointment of counsel upon a finding that the defendant is competent and not indigent.

            (3) Counsel appointed to represent the defendant, under this section, shall not have represented the defendant at trial unless the defendant and counsel expressly request continued representation.

History: L. 1969, ch. 291, § 5; L. 1976, ch. 163, § 24; L. 1982, ch. 142, § 15; L. 1997, ch. 181, § 5; July

22-4506. Persons in custody after felony conviction; habeas corpus or 60-1507 motions; capital murder cases; appointment of counsel; assignment, standards and compensation.

            (a) Whenever any person who is in custody under a sentence of imprisonment upon conviction of a felony files a petition for writ of habeas corpus or a motion attacking sentence under K.S.A. 60-1507 and files with such petition or motion such person's affidavit stating that the petition or motion is filed in good faith and that such person is financially unable to pay the costs of such action and to employ counsel therefor, the court shall make a preliminary examination of the petition or motion and the supporting papers.

            (b) If the court finds that the petition or motion presents substantial questions of law or triable issues of fact and if the petitioner or movant has been or is thereafter determined to be an indigent person as provided in K.S.A. 22-4504 and amendments thereto, the court shall appoint counsel from the panel for indigents' defense services or otherwise in accordance with the applicable system for providing legal defense services for indigent persons prescribed by the state board of indigents' defense services, to assist such person and authorize the action to be filed without a deposit of security for costs. If the petition or motion in such case raises questions shown by the trial record, the court shall order that the petitioner or movant be supplied with a transcript of the trial proceedings, or so much thereof as may be necessary to present the issue, without cost to such person.

            (c) If an appeal is taken in such action and if the trial court finds that the petitioner or movant is an indigent person, the trial court shall appoint counsel to conduct the appeal, order that the appellant be supplied with a record of the proceedings or so much thereof as such counsel determines to be necessary and order that the deposit of security for costs be waived.

            (d) (1) The state board of indigents' defense services shall provide by rule and regulation for: (A) The assignment of attorneys to the panel for indigents' defense services to represent indigent persons, who have been convicted of capital murder and are under sentence of death, upon a filing of a petition for writ of habeas corpus or a motion attacking sentence under K.S.A. 60-1507 and amendments thereto;

            (B) standards of competency and qualification for the appointment of counsel in capital cases under this section; and

            (C) the reasonable compensation of counsel appointed to represent individuals convicted of capital murder and under a sentence of death, during proceedings conducted pursuant to subsection (a), (b) or (c) and for reasonable and necessary litigation expense associated with such proceedings.

            (2) If a petitioner or movant, who has been convicted of capital murder and is under a sentence of death, files a petition for writ of habeas corpus or a motion attacking sentence under K.S.A. 60-1507 and amendments thereto, the district court shall make a determination on the record whether the petitioner or movant is indigent. Upon a finding that the petitioner or movant is indigent and accepts the offer of representation or is unable competently to decide whether to accept or reject the offer, the court shall appoint one or more counsel, in accordance with subsection (d) (1), to represent the petitioner or movant. If the petitioner or movant rejects the offer of representation, the court shall find on the record, after a hearing if necessary, whether the petitioner or movant rejected the offer of representation with the understanding of its legal consequences. The court shall deny the appointment of counsel upon a finding that the petitioner or movant is competent and not indigent.

            (3) Counsel appointed to represent the petitioner or movant shall not have represented the petitioner or movant at trial or on direct appeal therefrom unless the petitioner or movant and counsel expressly request continued representation.

            (e) Whenever it is determined that electronic access to court records is necessary to present a petitioner’s cause adequately and it is further determined that the petitioner or movant is an indigent person, the court having jurisdiction in the matter shall order that the records be supplied to the defendant, at no charge, by the electronic access service. The state board of indigents’ defense services shall be exempt from paying user fees to access electronic court records.

History: L. 1969, ch. 291, § 6; L. 1982, ch. 142, § 16; L. 1997, ch. 181, § 6; L. 2006, ch. 148, § 4; July 1.

22-4507. Compensation and reimbursement of expenses for services to indigents; procedures for payment.

            (a) An attorney, other than a public defender or assistant public defender or contract counsel, who is appointed by the court to perform services for an indigent person, as provided by article 45 of chapter 22 of the Kansas Statutes Annotated, and amendments thereto, shall at the conclusion of such service or any part thereof be entitled to compensation for such services and to be reimbursed for expenses reasonably incurred by such person in performing such services. Compensation for services shall be paid in accordance with standards and guidelines contained in rules and regulations adopted by the state board of indigents' defense services under this section.

            (b) Claims for compensation and reimbursement shall be certified by the claimant and shall be presented to the court at sentencing. A supplemental claim may be filed at such later time as the court may in the interest of justice determine if good cause is shown why the claim was not presented at sentencing. In accordance with standards and guidelines adopted by the state board of indigents' defense services under this section, all such claims shall be reviewed and approved by one or more judges of the district court before whom the service was performed, or, in the case of proceedings in the court of appeals, by the chief judge of the court of appeals and in the case of proceedings in the supreme court, by the departmental justice for the department in which the appeal originated. Each claim shall be supported by a written statement, specifying in detail the time expended, the services rendered, the expenses incurred in connection with the case and any other compensation or reimbursement received. When properly certified and reviewed and approved, each claim for compensation and reimbursement shall be filed in the office of the state board of indigents' defense services. If the claims meet the standards established by the board, the board shall authorize payment of the claim.

            (c) Such attorney shall be compensated at the rate of $80 per hour, except that:

            (1) The chief judge of any judicial district may negotiate an hourly rate less than $80 per hour for attorneys who voluntarily accept appointments in that district; or

            (2) contract counsel shall be compensated at the rate or rates specified in the contract between the board and the assigned counsel.

            If the state board of indigents' defense services determines that the appropriations for indigents' defense services or the moneys allocated by the board for a county or judicial district will be insufficient in any fiscal year to pay in full claims filed and reasonably anticipated to be filed in such year under this section, the board may adopt a formula for prorating the payment of pending and anticipated claims under this section.

            (d) The state board of indigents' defense services may make expenditures for payment of claims filed under this section from appropriations for the current fiscal year regardless of when the services were rendered.

            (e) The state board of indigents' defense services shall adopt rules and regulations prescribing standards and guidelines governing the filing, processing and payment of claims under this section.

            (f) An attorney, other than a public defender, assistant public defender or contract counsel, who is appointed by the court to perform services for an indigent person and who accesses electronic court records for an indigent person, as provided by this act, shall be exempt from paying fees to access electronic court records.

History: L. 1969, ch. 291, § 7; L. 1971, ch. 120, § 2; L. 1976, ch. 145, § 111; L. 1977, ch. 112, § 12; L. 1982, ch. 142, § 17; L. 1998, ch. 52, § 5; L. 2006, ch. 148, 5; L. 2006, ch. 180, § 1; L. 2007, ch. 22, § 1; July 1.

22-4508. Same; investigative, expert and other services; ex parte proceedings; compensation; claim, approval, payment.

            An attorney other than a public defender who acts as counsel for a defendant who is financially unable to obtain investigative, expert or other services necessary to an adequate defense in the defendant's case may request them in an ex parte application addressed to the district court where the action is pending. Upon finding, after appropriate inquiry in the ex parte proceeding, that the services are necessary and that the defendant is financially unable to obtain them, the district court shall authorize counsel to obtain the services on behalf of the defendant. The district court may, in the interests of justice, and upon a finding that timely procurement of necessary services could not await prior authorization, ratify such services after they have been obtained. Within the standards and guidelines adopted by the state board of indigents' defense services, the district court shall determine reasonable compensation for the services and approve payment to the organization or person who rendered them upon the filing of a certified claim for compensation supported by a written statement specifying the time expended, services rendered, expenses incurred on behalf of the defendant, and the compensation received in the same case or for the same services from any other source. Payment shall be made in the manner provided in K.S.A. 22-4507 and amendments thereto.

History: L. 1969, ch. 291, § 8; L. 1982, ch. 142, § 18; L. 1984, ch. 133, § 1; July 1.

22-4509. Same; transcripts.

            Whenever it is determined that a transcript of all or some part of the trial or other proceeding is necessary to enable a person who is entitled to appeal, or to pursue another post-conviction remedy, to present such person's cause adequately and it is further determined that the appellant or petitioner or movant is financially unable to pay for the preparation of such transcript, the district court shall order that the transcript be supplied to the appellant or petitioner or movant by the official reporter of the district court.

History: L. 1969, ch. 291, § 9; L. 1976, ch. 163, § 25; L. 1982, ch. 142, § 19; July 1.

22-4510. Same; reimbursement of state treasury; payment under act exclusive.

            Whenever the court finds that funds are available for payment from or on behalf of a defendant, the court shall direct that such funds be paid to the court for deposit in the state treasury to the credit of the state general fund as provided in subsection (c) of K.S.A. 22-4504 and amendments thereto, as reimbursement to the appropriation current at the time of payment, to carry out the provisions of this act. Except as authorized or directed under this act, no person or organization may request or accept any payment or promise of payment for representation or services performed for a defendant pursuant to court appointment or order.

History: L. 1969, ch. 291, § 10; L. 1976, ch. 169, § 2; L. 1982, ch. 142, § 20; July 1.

22-4511. Same; termination of appointment or reimbursement after appointment of counsel, when; counsel after proceedings begun; substitutions.

            (a) If at any time after appointment of counsel the court having jurisdiction of the case finds that the defendant is financially able to obtain counsel or to make partial payment for representation, the court may terminate the appointment of counsel or authorize payment as provided in K.S.A. 22-4504 or 22-4510 and amendments thereto, as the interests of justice may dictate.

            (b) If at any stage of the proceedings, including appeal, the court having jurisdiction of the case finds that the defendant is financially unable to pay counsel whom the defendant has retained, the court may appoint counsel as provided in K.S.A. 22-4503, 22-4505 or 22-4506 and amendments thereto and authorize payment as provided in K.S.A. 22-4507 and amendments thereto, as the interests of justice may dictate.

            (c) The court having jurisdiction of the case may, in the interests of justice, substitute one appointed counsel for another at any stage of the proceeding.

History: L. 1969, ch. 291, § 11; L. 1982, ch. 142, § 21; July 1.

22-4512. Transfer of funds to general fund; liabilities imposed on state board; special funds abolished.

            (a) On the effective date of this act, the director of accounts and reports shall transfer all moneys in the aid to indigent defendants fund and all moneys in the aid to indigent defendants reimbursement fund to the state general fund.

            (b) On the effective date of this act, all liabilities of the aid to indigent defendants fund and all liabilities of the aid to indigent defendants reimbursement fund existing prior to that date are hereby imposed on the state board of indigents' defense services.

            (c) The aid to indigent defendants fund and the aid to indigent defendants reimbursement fund are hereby abolished.

History: L. 1969, ch. 291, § 12; L. 1982, ch. 141, § 2; L. 1982, ch. 142, § 22; July 1.

22-4512a. Duties of court appointing counsel or authorizing expenditures to be charged against fund.

            Whenever a court appoints counsel for an indigent defendant or a material witness held in custody or authorizes any expenditure which may be a charge against the state board of indigents' defense services, the court shall promptly forward to the board a copy of the order making the appointment or authorizing the expenditure, together with any other information and in the form required by rules and regulations of the board.

History: L. 1971, ch. 120, § 1; L. 1982, ch. 141, § 3; L. 1982, ch. 142, § 23; July 1.

22-4513. Liability of defendant for expenditures by state board; judgment; determination of amount and method of payment; liability of others for expenditures.

            (a) If the defendant is convicted, all expenditures made by the state board of indigents' defense services to provide counsel and other defense services to such defendant or the amount allowed by the board of indigents' defense reimbursement tables as provided in K.S.A. 22-4522, and amendments thereto, whichever is less, shall be taxed against the defendant and shall be enforced as judgments for payment of money in civil cases.

            (b) In determining the amount and method of payment of such sum, the court shall take account of the financial resources of the defendant and the nature of the burden that payment of such sum will impose. A defendant who has been required to pay such sum and who is not willfully in default in the payment thereof may at any time petition the court which sentenced the defendant to waive payment of such sum or of any unpaid portion thereof. If it appears to the satisfaction of the court that payment of the amount due will impose manifest hardship on the defendant or the defendant's immediate family, the court may waive payment of all or part of the amount due or modify the method of payment.

            (c) Whenever any judgment has been entered pursuant to subsection (a) of this section, a sum equal to such judgment may be recovered by the state of Kansas for the benefit of the state general fund from any persons to whom the indigent defendant shall have transferred any of the defendant's property without adequate monetary consideration after the commission of the alleged crime, to the extent of the value of such transfer, and such persons are hereby made liable to reimburse the state of Kansas with interest at 6% per annum. Any action to recover judgment for such expenditures shall be prosecuted by the attorney general, who may require the assistance of the county attorney of the county in which the action is to be filed, and such action shall be governed by the provisions of the code of civil procedure relating to actions for the recovery of money. No action shall be brought against any person under the provisions of this section to recover for sums expended on behalf of an indigent defendant, unless such action shall have been filed within two years after the date of the expenditure by the state board of indigents' defense services.

History: L. 1969, ch. 291, § 13; L. 1976, ch. 169, § 3; L. 1981, ch. 157, § 2; L. 1982, ch. 142, § 24; L. 1997, ch. 181, § 23; July 1.

22-4514a. Domestic nonprofit corporations providing legal services to indigent inmates; submission of budget to state board; payments to corporation; annual statement of expenditures.

            (a) Any nonprofit corporation, organized under the laws of the state of Kansas for the purpose of providing legal services to indigent inmates of Kansas correctional institutions may submit its annual operating budget for the next fiscal year of the state, including salaries and all other expenses of operation, to the state board of indigents' defense services. Such budget shall set forth the maximum obligation of financial aid and contributions proposed for payment by the state board of indigents' defense services and the availability of any additional funds from the federal government and other sources to meet such operating costs.

            (b) If such budget is approved by the state board of indigents' defense services, on July 1 of the next fiscal year the amount of the maximum obligation of financial aid to be paid by the state board of indigents' defense services as set forth in the approved budget may then be paid in a lump sum to the corporation.

            (c) After the end of the fiscal year any such nonprofit corporation shall furnish to the post auditor and the director of the budget an audited statement of actual expenditures incurred. Any balance remaining unused shall be applied to the next budget for the purposes specified in this section.

History: L. 1974, ch. 153, § 1; L. 1982, ch. 142, § 25; July 1.

22-4515. Same; severability.

            If any provision of this act or the application thereof to any person or circumstances is held invalid, such invalidity shall not affect other provisions or applications of the act which can be given effect without the invalid provision or application, and to this end the provisions of this act are declared to be severable.

History: L. 1969, ch. 291, § 15; July 1.

22-4518. Same; applicability of laws relating to aid to indigent defendants.

            Except as otherwise stated herein, all provisions of K.S.A. 22-4501 to 22-4514, inclusive, shall be applicable to the operation of the district defender office, and all legal services provided by the district defender and any deputy district defender.

History: L. 1971, ch. 121, § 2; July 1.

22-4519. State board of indigents' defense services; appointment and terms; qualifications.

            (a) There is hereby created within the executive branch of state government the state board of indigents' defense services, which shall consist of nine members appointed by the governor, subject to confirmation by the senate as provided in K.S.A. 75-4315b and amendments thereto. Except as provided by K.S.A. 1995 Supp. 46-2601, no person appointed to the commission [board] shall exercise any power, duty or function as a member of the commission until confirmed by the senate.

            (b) The terms of members who are serving on the board on the effective date of this act shall expire on January 15, of the year in which such member's term would have expired under the provisions of this section prior to amendment by this act. Thereafter, all appointments shall be for terms of three years and until their successors are appointed and confirmed.

            (c) Of the nine members of the board, there shall be:

            (1) Subject to the provisions of K.S.A. 1995 Supp. 75-4315c, and amendments thereto, two members from the first congressional district, of whom one shall be a lawyer registered with the Kansas supreme court, and at least one member from each other congressional district in the state;

            (2) at least one member from each county in the state having a population in excess of 100,000, who shall be a lawyer registered with the Kansas supreme court, but not more than five members from such counties; and

            (3) five members who are lawyers registered with the Kansas supreme court and four members who are not lawyers.

            (d) No more than five members of the board shall be from the same political party.

            (e) No member of the board shall be, or shall be employed by, a judicial officer or a law enforcement officer and no member of the board shall be an employee of the board.

            (f) Any member appointed to fill a vacancy occurring prior to the expiration of the term for which such member's predecessor was appointed shall hold office for the remainder of such term.

            (g) No member of the board shall serve more than two consecutive three-year terms.

History: L. 1982, ch. 142, § 1; L. 1992, ch. 262, § 3; L. 1995, ch. 241, § 4; July 1.

22-4520. Same; prohibition on interfering with professional duties of counsel.

            The state board of indigents' defense services shall not make any decision regarding the handling of any case nor interfere with the appointed counsel, contract counsel or public defender, or any member of the staff thereof, in carrying out their professional duties.

History: L. 1982, ch. 142, § 2; July 1.

22-4521. Same; meetings; officers; quorum; compensation and allowances.

            (a) At the first meeting of the state board of indigents' defense services and at the first meeting held each calendar year thereafter, the board shall elect a chairperson and a secretary from among its members.

            (b) The board shall meet at least quarterly and at such other times as called by the chairperson. Meetings of the board shall be at such places as the board determines.

            (c) Five members of the board constitute a quorum for the transaction of business and the affirmative vote of five members of the board is required for any action by the board.

            (d) The members of the board shall receive compensation and travel expenses and subsistence expenses or allowances as provided in K.S.A. 75-3212.

History: L. 1982, ch. 142, § 3; July 1.

22-4522. State board of indigents' defense services; powers and duties.

            The state board of indigents' defense services shall:

            (a) Provide, supervise and coordinate, in the most efficient and economical manner possible, the constitutionally and statutorily required counsel and related services for each indigent person accused of a felony and for such other indigent persons as prescribed by statute;

            (b) establish, in each county or combination of counties designated by the board, a system of appointed counsel, contractual arrangements for providing contract counsel or public defender offices, or any combination thereof, on a full- or part-time basis, for the delivery of legal services for indigent persons accused of felonies;

            (c) approve an annual operating budget for the board and submit that budget as provided in K.S.A. 75-3717, and amendments thereto;

            (d) collect payments from indigent defendants as ordered by the court by methods including, but not limited to, utilization of debt collection procedures authorized by K.S.A. 75-6201 et seq., and amendments thereto;

            (e) adopt rules and regulations in accordance with K.S.A. 77-415 et seq., and amendments thereto, which are necessary for the operation of the board and the performance of its duties and for the guidance of appointed counsel, contract counsel and public defenders, including but not limited to:

            (1) Standards for entitlement to legal representation at public expense;

            (2) standards and guidelines for compensation of appointed counsel and investigative, expert and other services within the limits of appropriations;

            (3) criteria for employing contract counsel;

            (4) qualifications, standards and guidelines for public defenders, appointed counsel and contract counsel; and

            (5) adopt and maintain reimbursement tables which set forth the cost to the board of indigents' defense services for each separate category of service provided;

            (f) prepare and submit to the governor and legislature an annual report on the operations of the board; and

            (g) hold a hearing before changing the system for providing legal services for indigent persons accused of felonies in any county or judicial district if such a hearing is requested by two or more members of the board.

History: L. 1982, ch. 142, § 4; L. 1997, ch. 181, § 24; July 1.

22-4523. Same; additional powers.

            The state board of indigents' defense services may:

            (a) Accept the services of volunteer workers and consultants at no compensation other than reimbursement of actual and necessary expenses;

            (b) prepare and publish statistical and case studies and other data pertinent to the legal representation of indigent persons;

            (c) conduct programs having a general objective of training and educating attorneys and other persons who are involved in the legal representation of indigent persons;

            (d) appoint public defenders and provide for the establishment and staffing of public defender offices;

            (e) enter into contracts pursuant to competitive bids or by negotiation, as determined and administered by the board, with one or more attorneys or professional corporations providing legal services, or any combination thereof, to provide for legal defense services for indigent persons, and no such contract shall be subject to the provisions of K.S.A. 75-3739 and amendments thereto;

            (f) enter into contracts with cities or counties to provide, at the expense of the city or county, for the defense of misdemeanors or other defense services required to be provided at public expense;

            (g) provide technical aid and assistance to counsel providing legal representation to indigent persons, including assistance on appeals; and

            (h) accept and expend governmental and private grants.

History: L. 1982, ch. 142, § 5; July 1.

22-4524. State director of indigents' defense services; civil service status of director and other officers and employees.

            (a) There is hereby created the position of state director of indigents' defense services. The director shall be in the unclassified service under the Kansas civil service act, shall be appointed by the state board of indigents' defense services and shall devote full time to the performance of the duties of the office of director.

            (b) The state director of indigents' defense services, the assistant director and all attorneys appointed or employed by the state board of indigents' defense services shall be in the unclassified service under the Kansas civil service act. All other officers and employees of the board shall be in the classified service.

            (c) Each person who has been employed continuously for at least the six-month period immediately prior to the effective date of this act who is an officer or employee of the board, which is placed in the classified service under the Kansas civil service act by this act, shall continue in such position and shall attain permanent status in that classified position without examination and without a probationary period. Such person shall retain all retirement benefits earned prior to the effective date of this act and such person's service shall be deemed to have been continuous.

History: L. 1982, ch. 142, § 6; L. 1988, ch. 331, § 3; July 1.

22-4525. Same; duties.

            The state director of indigents' defense services shall be chief executive officer of the state board of indigents' defense services. In addition thereto, the director shall:

            (a) Supervise the operation, policies and procedures of the office of the board;

            (b) prepare and submit to the board an annual report of the operation of the office in such form as the board directs; and

            (c) perform such other duties as the board requires.

History: L. 1982, ch. 142, § 7; July 1.

22-4526. Disposition of moneys received under contracts with cities and counties.

            All moneys received by the state board of indigents' defense services under contracts entered into with one or more cities or counties under subsection (f) of K.S.A. 22-4523, and amendments thereto, shall be remitted by the board to the state treasurer in accordance with the provisions of K.S.A. 75-4215, and amendments thereto. Upon receipt of each such remittance, the state treasurer shall deposit the entire amount in the state treasury to the credit of the indigents defense services fund.

History: L. 1982, ch. 142, § 8; L. 1988, ch. 118, § 1; L. 2001, ch. 5, § 83; July 1.

22-4527. Abolition of board of supervisors of panels to aid indigent defendants; transfer of officers and employees, rules and regulations, directives and standards, and records and property to new board; existing defense services systems continued subject to change.

            (a) The board of supervisors of panels to aid indigent defendants created by K.S.A. 22-4514 is hereby abolished.

            (b) On the effective date of this act, all officers and employees who were engaged immediately preceding the effective date of this act in the performance of powers, duties and functions of the board of supervisors of panels to aid indigent defendants or public defenders and who, in the opinion of the state board of indigents' defense services, are necessary to perform the powers, duties and functions of the state board of indigents' defense services under this act, may become officers and employees of the state board of indigents' defense services. Any such officer or employee shall retain all retirement benefits and all rights which had accrued to or vested in such officer or employee in the unclassified service under the Kansas civil service act immediately preceding the effective date of this act, and the service of each such officer and employee shall be deemed to have been continuous. All transfers and any abolishment of positions of personnel shall be in accordance with law and applicable rules and regulations.

            (c) All rules and regulations, orders, directives and standards of the board of supervisors of panels to aid indigent defendants or of the supreme court relating to powers, duties and functions transferred to or imposed upon the state board of indigents' defense services, which rules and regulations, orders, directives and standards were in existence immediately preceding the effective date of this act, shall continue to be effective and shall be deemed to be the rules and regulations, orders, directives and standards of the state board of indigents' defense services until amended, revoked or nullified pursuant to law.

            (d) The system providing legal defense services for indigent persons which is in existence and effect in each county and judicial district immediately preceding the effective date of this act shall continue in existence and effect subject to change by the state board of indigents' defense services in accordance with this act.

            (e) On and after the effective date of this act, all books, records and other property which relate to providing legal defense services for indigent persons and belonging to the supreme court, the board of supervisors of panels to aid indigent defendants or offices of public defenders immediately preceding the effective date of this act shall become the property of the state board of indigents' defense services.

            (f) Whenever the board of supervisors of panels to aid indigent defendants is mentioned by statute, contract or other document, the reference shall be deemed to apply to the state board of indigents' defense services.

History: L. 1982, ch. 142, § 9; July 1.

22-4528. Citation of act.

            The provisions of K.S.A. 22-4501 to 22-4518, inclusive, and amendments thereto, and K.S.A. 22-4519 to 22-4528, inclusive, shall be construed together and may be cited as the indigents' defense services act.

History: L. 1982, ch. 142, § 10; July 1.

22-4529. Entitlement of defendant to counsel; application fee; disposition of moneys.

            Any defendant entitled to counsel pursuant to K.S.A. 22-4503, and amendments thereto shall pay an application fee in the amount of $100 to the clerk of the district court. Any defendant entitled to counsel in a proceeding for a violation of a condition of release pursuant to K.S.A. 22- 3716, and amendments thereto, shall pay an application fee of $100 to the clerk of the district court. Such fee shall be paid regardless of whether the defendant has paid application fees pursuant to this section in any other proceeding. If it appears to the satisfaction of the court that payment of the application fee will impose manifest hardship on the defendant, the court may waive payment of all or part of the application fee. All moneys received pursuant to this section shall be remitted to the state treasurer in accordance with the provisions of K.S.A. 75-4215, and amendments thereto. Upon receipt of each such remittance, the state treasurer shall deposit the entire amount in the state treasury to the credit of the indigents' defense services fund. If the defendant is acquitted or the case is dismissed, any application fee paid pursuant to this section shall be remitted to the defendant.

History: L. 1997, ch. 181, § 16; L. 2001, ch. 5, § 84; L. 2003, ch. 123, § 2; L. 2012, ch. 30, § 1; July 1.