Kansas Code of Criminal Procedure

K.S.A. Chapter 22 - Article 37 - Release Procedures

Current through end of 2016 legislative session

22-3701        Pardons and commutations.

22-3702        Form of pardon.

22-3703        Report of pardons to legislature.

22-3704        Reprieves in capital cases.

22-3705        Reduction of penalty.

22-3706        Person acting as agent or representative of individual seeking release; contingent fee prohibited; statement and affidavit.

22-3709        Officers of board; panels authorized; vote required to parole certain inmates.

22-3710        Prisoner review board; seal, orders, records, reports.

22-3711        Certain records privileged.

22-3712        Placement in diagnostic or treatment facility as condition of release.

22-3713        Prisoner review board; hearings; personnel and accounting services.

22-3716        Arrest for violating condition of probation, assignment to community corrections, suspension of sentence or nonprison sanction; time limitation on issuing warrant; limitations on serving sentence in department of corrections' facility or ser...

22-3717        Parole or postrelease supervision; eligibility; interviews, notices and hearings; rules and regulations; conditions of parole or postrelease supervision.

22-3718        Conditional release; notice.

22-3719        Information from correctional institution officials.

22-3720        Subpoena power.

22-3722        Service on parole, conditional release and postrelease supervision; discharge; restoration of civil rights.

22-3723        Transfer of offenders under treaties.

22-3725        Good time credits, crimes committed prior to July 1, 1993.

22-3726        Supervised furlough; crimes committed prior to July 1, 1993.

22-3727        Secretary of corrections; prior to release, information to victims.

22-3727a      Notification upon escape or death of an inmate.

22-3728        Functional incapacitation release; procedures; notice; conditions; supervision upon release.

22-3729        Release for medical conditions.

22-3730        Home detention.

22-3701. Pardons and commutations.

          (a) The governor may pardon, or commute the sentence of, any person convicted of a crime in any court of this state upon such terms and conditions as prescribed in the order granting the pardon or commutation.

          (b) The prisoner review board, hereafter referred to as the board, shall adopt rules and regulations governing the procedure for initiating, processing, and reviewing applications for pardon, or commutation of sentence filed by and on behalf of persons convicted of crime.

          (c) Except as otherwise provided, no pardon or commutation of sentence shall be granted until more than 30 days after written notice of the application therefor has been given to: (1) The prosecuting attorney and the judge of the court in which the defendant was convicted; and (2) any victim of the person's crime or the victim's family, if the person was convicted of a crime specified in article 34, 35 or 36 of chapter 21 of the Kansas statutes annotated prior to their repeal, or K.S.A. 21-5401 through 21-5609, 21-6104, K.S.A. 21-6325, 21-6326 or K.S.A. 21-6419 through 21-6422, and amendments thereto. Notice of such application for pardon or commutation of sentence shall be given by the secretary of corrections to the victim who is alive and whose address is known to the secretary of corrections, or if the victim is deceased, to the victim's family if the family's address is known to the secretary of corrections. Notice of the receipt of such application shall be given by publication in the official county paper of the county of conviction. The form of notice shall be prescribed by the board. If the applicant executes a poverty affidavit, the cost of one publication of the notice during a 12-month period shall be paid by the state. If more than one notice of application is published during any 12-month period the additional cost of publication shall be paid by the applicant. Subject to the provisions of subsection (d), if written notification is not given to such victim who is alive and whose address is known to the secretary of corrections or, if the victim is deceased, to the victim's family if the family's address is known to the secretary of corrections, the governor shall not grant or deny such application until a time at least 30 days after notification is given by publication as provided in this section.

          (d) All applications for pardon or commutation of sentence shall be referred to the board. The board shall examine each case and submit a report, together with such information as the board may have concerning the applicant, to the governor within 120 days after referral to the board. The governor shall not grant or deny any such application until the governor has received the report of the board or until 120 days after the referral to the board, whichever time is the shorter and the provisions of subsection (c) have been satisfied.

History: L. 1970, ch. 129, § 22-3701; L. 1972, ch. 317, § 79; L. 1973, ch. 339, § 58; L. 1992, ch. 298, § 94; L. 1997, ch. 23, § 1; L. 2011, ch. 30, § 134, L. 2012, ch. 16, § 8; L. 2015, ch. 94, § 6; July 1.

22-3702. Form of pardon.

          A pardon shall be in writing, signed by the governor, attested by the great seal of the state and shall be authority for the release and discharge of the person named therein.

History: L. 1970, ch. 129, § 22-3702; July 1.

22-3703. Report of pardons to legislature.

          The governor at each regular session of the legislature, shall communicate to both houses of the legislature a list of all persons pardoned by him during the preceding year, with a statement of the offense of which each was convicted, the time of imprisonment or amount of fine, and the condition, if any, upon which such pardon was granted.

History: L. 1970, ch. 129, § 22-3703; July 1.

22-3704. Reprieves in capital cases.

          In cases where the death penalty has been imposed the governor may order the postponement of the execution of the sentence for a limited time. At the expiration of such time the sentence of the court shall be carried out.

History: L. 1970, ch. 129, § 22-3704; July 1.

22-3705. Reduction of penalty.

          The governor may, when he deems it proper or advisable, commute a sentence in any criminal case by reducing the penalty as follows:

          (a) If the sentence is death, to imprisonment for life or for any term not less than ten years;

          (b) If the sentence is to imprisonment, by reducing the duration of such imprisonment;

          (c) If the sentence is a fine, by reducing the amount thereof;

          (d) If the sentence is both imprisonment and fine, by reducing either or both.

History: L. 1970, ch. 129, § 22-3705; July 1.

22-3706. Person acting as agent or representative of individual seeking release; contingent fee prohibited; statement and affidavit.

          No person acting as agent or representative for an individual before the board for pardon, commutation of sentence, parole or revocation of parole, conditional release or postrelease supervision shall contract for or receive a fee contingent upon a certain decision by the board. Such agent or representative shall submit a statement on the applicant's behalf to the prisoner review board in writing and shall submit therewith an affidavit stating such agent's representative's name; place of residence; the name of the applicant being represented or has been represented; the fee, if any, paid to or to be paid to such agent or representative by any person for such services; that such fee is not or was not a contingent fee. If any person representing any applicant for pardon, commutation of sentence, or parole shall fail to file such affidavit the application shall not be considered. Any affidavit filed as provided in this section shall be a public record.

History: L. 1970, ch. 129, § 22-3706; L. 1973, ch. 339, § 59; L. 1992, ch. 239, § 265; L. 2012, ch. 16, § 9; July 1.

22-3709. Officers of board; panels authorized; vote required to parole certain inmates.

          The chairperson and vice-chairperson of the prisoner review board shall be designated by the secretary of corrections. The chairperson of the board shall have the authority to organize and administer the activities of the board. The chairperson of the board may designate panels, consisting of two members of the board, which shall have the full authority and power of the board to order the denial, grant or revocation of an inmate's parole or conditional release, or for crimes committed on or after July 1, 1993, grant parole for off-grid crimes or revocation of postrelease supervision or to order the revocation of an inmate's conditional release, upon hearing by one or more members of the panel and by a majority vote of the board..

History: L. 1970, ch. 129, § 22-3709; L. 1972, ch. 317, § 82; L. 1973, ch. 339, § 62; L. 1988, ch. 115, § 13; L. 1992, ch. 239, § 266; L. 1997, ch. 23, § 3; L. 2003, ch. 142, § 2; L. 2004, ch. 66, § 1; L. 2012, ch. 16, § 10; July 1.

22-3710. Prisoner review board; seal, orders, records, reports.

          The prisoner review board shall adopt an official seal of which the courts shall take judicial notice. The orders of the board shall not be reviewable except as to compliance with the terms of this act or other applicable laws of this state. The board shall keep a record of its acts and shall notify each institution and the secretary of corrections of its decisions relating to the persons who are or have been confined therein. At the close of each fiscal year, the board shall submit to the governor and to the legislature a report with statistical and other data of its work, including research studies which it may make of probation, sentencing, parole, postrelease supervision or related functions. Such report may be part of the annual report of the department of corrections, so long as such information is presented separately and distinctly.

History: L. 1970, ch. 129, § 22-3710; L. 1972, ch. 317, § 83; L. 1973, ch. 339, § 63; L. 1990, ch. 309, § 16; L. 1992, ch. 239, § 267; L. 2012, ch. 16, § 11; July 1.

22-3711. Certain records privileged.

          The presentence report, the preparole report, the pre-postrelease supervision report and the supervision history, obtained in the discharge of official duty by any member or employee of the prisoner review board or any other employee of the department of corrections, shall be privileged and shall not be disclosed directly or indirectly to anyone other than the prisoner review board, the judge, the attorney general or others entitled to receive the information, except that the board, secretary of corrections or court may permit the inspection of the report or parts of it by the defendant, inmate, defendant's or inmate's attorney or other person having a proper interest in it, whenever the best interest or welfare of a particular defendant or inmate makes the action desirable or helpful.

History: L. 1970, ch. 129, § 22-3711; L. 1972, ch. 317, § 84; L. 1973, ch. 339, § 64; L. 1984, ch. 130, § 1; L. 1990, ch. 309, § 17; L. 1992, ch. 239, § 268; L. 2012, ch. 16, § 12; July 1.

22-3712. Placement in diagnostic or treatment facility as condition of release.

          As a condition of probation, parole or postrelease supervision, a probationer, parolee or person on postrelease supervision may be placed in a diagnostic, or treatment facility by order of the court or prisoner review board. Placement in a diagnostic or treatment facility shall not exceed 90 days or the maximum period of the prison sentence that could be imposed, but may be renewed for further ninety-day periods on certificates presented to the court by the director of such facility.

History: L. 1970, ch. 129, § 22-3712; L. 1972, ch. 317, § 85; L. 1990, ch. 309, § 18; L. 1992, ch. 239, § 269; L. 1997, ch. 23, § 4; L. 2012, ch. 16, § 13; July 1.

22-3713. Prisoner review board; hearings; personnel and accounting services.

          (a) The prisoner review board may authorize one or more of its members to conduct hearings on behalf of the board.

          (b) The secretary of corrections shall provide the prisoner review board with necessary personnel and accounting services.

History: L. 1970, ch. 129, § 22-3713; L. 1972, ch. 317, § 86; L. 1973, ch. 339, § 65; L. 1990, ch. 309, § 19; L. 1996, ch. 32, § 1; L. 2012, ch. 16, § 14, July 1.

22-3716. Arrest for violating condition of probation, assignment to community corrections, suspension of sentence or nonprison sanction; time limitation on issuing warrant; limitations on serving sentence in department of corrections' facility or serving period of postrelease supervision, exceptions.

          (a) At any time during probation, assignment to a community correctional services program, suspension of sentence or pursuant to subsection (e) for defendants who committed a crime prior to July 1, 1993, and at any time during which a defendant is serving a nonprison sanction for a crime committed on or after July 1, 1993, or pursuant to subsection (e), the court may issue a warrant for the arrest of a defendant for violation of any of the conditions of release or assignment, a notice to appear to answer to a charge of violation or a violation of the defendant's nonprison sanction. The notice shall be personally served upon the defendant. The warrant shall authorize all officers named in the warrant to return the defendant to the custody of the court or to any certified detention facility designated by the court. Any court services officer or community correctional services officer may arrest the defendant without a warrant or may deputize any other officer with power of arrest to do so by giving the officer a written or verbal statement setting forth that the defendant has, in the judgment of the court services officer or community correctional services officer, violated the conditions of the defendant's release or a nonprison sanction. A written statement delivered to the official in charge of a county jail or other place of detention shall be sufficient warrant for the detention of the defendant. After making an arrest, the court services officer or community correctional services officer shall present to the detaining authorities a similar statement of the circumstances of violation. Provisions regarding release on bail of persons charged with a crime shall be applicable to defendants arrested under these provisions.

          (b) (1) Upon arrest and detention pursuant to subsection (a), the court services officer or community correctional services officer shall immediately notify the court and shall submit in writing a report showing in what manner the defendant has violated the conditions of release or assignment or a nonprison sanction.

          (2) Unless the defendant, after being apprised of the right to a hearing by the supervising court services or community correctional services officer, waives such hearing, the court shall cause the defendant to be brought before it without unnecessary delay for a hearing on the violation charged. The hearing shall be in open court and the state shall have the burden of establishing the violation. The defendant shall have the right to be represented by counsel and shall be informed by the judge that, if the defendant is financially unable to obtain counsel, an attorney will be appointed to represent the defendant. The defendant shall have the right to present the testimony of witnesses and other evidence on the defendant's behalf. Relevant written statements made under oath may be admitted and considered by the court along with other evidence presented at the hearing.

          (3) (A) Except as otherwise provided, if the original crime of conviction was a felony other than a felony specified in K.S.A. 2015 Supp. 21-6804(i), and amendments thereto, and a violation is established, the court may impose the violation sanctions as provided in subsection (c)(1).

          (B) Except as otherwise provided, if the original crime of conviction was a misdemeanor or a felony specified in specified in K.S.A. 2015 Supp. 21-6804(i) and a violation is established, the court may:

          (i) Continue or modify the probation, assignment to a community correctional services program, suspension of sentence or nonprison sanction and impose confinement in a county jail not to exceed 60 days. If an offender is serving multiple probation terms concurrently, any confinement periods imposed shall be imposed concurrently;

          (ii) impose an intermediate sanction of confinement in a county jail, to be imposed as a two-day or three-day consecutive period. The total of all such sanctions imposed pursuant to this subparagraph and subsections (b)(4)(A) and (b)(4)(B) shall not exceed 18 total days during the term of supervision; or

          (iii) revoke the probation, assignment to a community correctional services program, suspension of sentence or nonprison sanction and require the defendant to serve the sentence imposed, or any lesser sentence, and, if imposition of sentence was suspended, may impose any sentence which might originally have been imposed.

          (4) Except as otherwise provided, if the defendant waives the right to a hearing and the sentencing court has not specifically withheld the authority from court services or community correctional services to impose sanctions, the following sanctions may be imposed without further order of the court:

          (A) If the defendant was on probation at the time of the violation, the defendant’s supervising court services officer, with the concurrence of the chief court services officer, may impose the violation sanctions as provided in subsection (c)(1)(B); and

          (B) if the defendant was assigned to a community correctional services program at the time of the violation, the defendant’s community corrections officer, with the concurrence of the community corrections director, may impose the violation sanctions as provided in subsection (c)(1)(B).

          (c)(1) Except as otherwise provided, if the original crime of conviction was a felony, other than a felony specified in K.S.A. 2015 Supp. 21-6804(i), and amendments thereto, and a violation is established, the court may impose the following sanctions:

          (A) Continuation or modification of the release conditions of the probation, assignment to a community correctional services program, suspension of sentence or nonprison sanction;

          (B) an intermediate sanction of confinement in jail for a total of not more than six days per month in any three separate months during the period of release supervision. The six days per month confinement may only be imposed as two-day or three-day consecutive periods, not to exceed 18 days of total confinement;

          (C) if the violator already had at least one intermediate sanction imposed pursuant to subsection (c)(1)(B) related to the felony crime for which the original supervision was imposed, remanding the defendant to the custody of the secretary of corrections for a period of 120 days, subject to a reduction of up to 60 days in the discretion of the secretary. This sanction shall not be imposed more than once during the term of supervision;

          (D) if the violator already had a sanction imposed pursuant to subsection (c)(1)(B) or (c)(1)(C) related to the felony crime for which the original supervision was imposed, remanding the defendant to the custody of the secretary of corrections for a period of 180 days, subject to a reduction of up to 90 days in the discretion of the secretary. This sanction shall not be imposed more than once during the term of supervision; or

          (E) if the violator already had a sanction imposed pursuant to subsection (c)(1)(C) or (c)(1)(D) related to the felony crime for which the original supervision was imposed, revocation of the probation, assignment to a community corrections services program, suspension of sentence or nonprison sanction and requiring such violator to serve the sentence imposed, or any lesser sentence and, if imposition of sentence was suspended, imposition of any sentence which might originally have been imposed.

          (2) Except as otherwise provided, no offender for whom a violation of conditions of release or assignment or a nonprison sanction has been established as provided in this section shall be required to serve any time for the sentence imposed or which might originally have been imposed in a state facility in the custody of the secretary of corrections for such violation, unless such person has already at least one prior assignment to a community correctional services program related to the crime for which the original sentence was imposed.

          (3) The provisions of subsection (c)(2) shall not apply to adult felony offenders as described in K.S.A. 75-5291(a)(3), and amendments thereto.

          (4) The court may require an offender for whom a violation of conditions of release or assignment or a nonprison sanction has been established as provided in this section to serve any time for the sentence imposed or which might originally have been imposed in a state facility in the custody of the secretary of corrections without a prior assignment to a community correctional services program if the court finds and sets forth with particularity the reasons for finding that the safety of the members of the public will be jeopardized or that the welfare of the inmate will not be served by such assignment to a community correctional services program.     (5) When a new felony is committed while the offender is on probation or assignment to a community correctional services program, the new sentence shall be imposed consecutively pursuant to the provisions of K.S.A. 21-6606 and amendments thereto, and the court may sentence the offender to imprisonment for the new conviction, even when the new crime of conviction otherwise presumes a nonprison sentence. In this event, imposition of a prison sentence for the new crime does not constitute a departure.

          (6) Except as provided in subsection (f), upon completion of a violation sanction imposed pursuant to subsection (c)(1)(C) or (c)(1)(D) such offender shall return to community correctional services supervision. The sheriff shall not be responsible for the return of the offender to the county where the community correctional services supervision is assigned.

          (7) A violation sanction imposed pursuant to subsection (c)(1)(B), (c)(1)(C) or (c)(1)(D) shall not be longer than the amount of time remaining on the defendant’s underlying prison sentence.

          (8) If the offender commits a new felony or misdemeanor while the offender is on probation, assignment to a community correctional services program, suspension of sentence or nonprison sanction, the court may revoke the probation, assignment to a community correctional services program, suspension of sentence or nonprison sanction of an offender pursuant to subsection (c)(1)(E) without having previously imposed a sanction pursuant to subsection (c)(1)(B), (c)(1)(C) or (c)(1)(D).

          (B) If the offender absconds from supervision while the offender is on probation, assignment to a community correctional services program, suspension of sentence or nonprison sanction, the court may:

          (i) Revoke the probation, assignment to a community correctional services program, suspension of sentence or nonprison sanction of an offender pursuant to subsection (c)(1)(E) without having previously imposed a sanction pursuant to subsection (c)(1)(B), (c)(1)(C) or (c)(1)(D); or

          (ii) sanction the offender under subsection (c)(1)(A), (c)(1)(C) or (c)(1)(D) without imposing a sanction under (c)(1)(B).

          (9) The court may revoke the probation, assignment to a community correctional services program, suspension of sentence or nonprison sanction of an offender pursuant to subsection (c)(1)(E) without having previously imposed a sanction pursuant to subsection (c)(1)(B), (c)(1)(C) or (c)(1)(D) if the court finds and sets forth with particularity the reasons for finding that the safety of members of the public will be jeopardized or that the welfare of the offender will not be served by such sanction.

          (d) A defendant who is on probation, assigned to a community correctional services program, under suspension of sentence or serving a nonprison sanction and for whose return a warrant has been issued by the court shall be considered a fugitive from justice if it is found that the warrant cannot be served. If it appears that the defendant has violated the provisions of the defendant's release or assignment or a nonprison sanction, the court shall determine whether the time from the issuing of the warrant to the date of the defendant's arrest, or any part of it, shall be counted as time served on probation, assignment to a community correctional services program, suspended sentence or pursuant to a nonprison sanction.

          (e) The court shall have 30 days following the date probation, assignment to a community correctional service program, suspension of sentence or a nonprison sanction was to end to issue a warrant for the arrest or notice to appear for the defendant to answer a charge of a violation of the conditions of probation, assignment to a community correctional service program, suspension of sentence or a nonprison sanction.

          (f) For crimes committed on and after July 1, 2013, an offender whose nonprison sanction is revoked pursuant to subsection (c) or whose underlying prison term expires while

serving a sanction pursuant to subsection (c)(1)(C) or (c)(1)(D) shall serve a period of postrelease supervision upon the completion of the prison portion of the underlying sentence.

          (g) Offenders who have been sentenced pursuant to K.S.A. 2015 Supp. 21-6824, and amendments thereto, and who subsequently violate a condition of the drug and alcohol abuse treatment program shall be subject to an additional nonprison sanction for any such subsequent violation. Such nonprison sanctions shall include, but not be limited to, up to 60 days in a county jail, fines, community service, intensified treatment, house arrest and electronic monitoring.

History: L. 1970, ch. 129, § 22-3716; L. 1972, ch. 317, § 89; L. 1984, ch. 112, § 9; L. 1986, ch. 123, § 24; L. 1990, ch. 112, § 1; L. 1992, ch. 239, § 301; L. 1993, ch. 291, § 198; L. 1994, ch. 291, § 65; L. 2000, ch. 182, § 8; L. 2002, ch. 177, § 1 ; L. 2003, ch. 135, § 6; L. 2008, ch. 175, § 4; L. 2008, ch. 183, § 8; L. 2009, ch. 143, § 11; L. 2011, ch. 30, § 135, L. 2013, ch. 76, § 5; L. 2016, ch. 97, § 3; July 1.

22-3717. Parole or postrelease supervision; eligibility; interviews, notices and hearings; rules and regulations; conditions of parole or postrelease supervision.

          (a) Except as otherwise provided by this section: K.S.A. 1993 Supp. 21-4628, prior to its repeal; K.S.A. 21-4624, 21-4635 through 21-4638 and 21-4642, prior to their repeal; K.S.A. 2015 Supp. 21-6617, 21-6620, 21-6623, 21-6624, 21-6625 and 21-6626, and amendments thereto; and K.S.A. 8-1567, and amendments thereto; an inmate, including an inmate sentenced pursuant to K.S.A. 21-4618, prior to its repeal, or K.S.A. 2015 Supp. 21-6707, and amendments thereto, shall be eligible for parole after serving the entire minimum sentence imposed by the court, less good time credits.

          (b) (1) An inmate sentenced to imprisonment for life without the possibility of parole pursuant to K.S.A. 2015 Supp. 21-6617, and amendments thereto, shall not be eligible for parole.

          (2) Except as provided by K.S.A. 21-4635 through 21-4638, prior to their repeal, and K.S.A. 2015 Supp. 21-6620, 21-6623, 21-6624 and 21-6625, and amendments thereto, an inmate sentenced to imprisonment for the crime of:

          (A) Capital murder committed on or after July 1, 1994, shall be eligible for parole after serving 25 years of confinement, without deduction of any good time credits;

          (B) murder in the first degree based upon a finding of premeditated murder committed on or after July 1, 1994, but prior to July 1, 2014, shall be eligible for parole after serving 25 years of confinement, without deduction of any good time credits; and

          (C) murder in the first degree as described in subsection (a)(2) of K.S.A. 2015 Supp. 21-5402(a)(2), and amendments thereto, committed on or after July 1, 2014, shall be eligible for parole after serving 25 years of confinement, without deduction of any good time credits.

          (3) Except as provided by subsections (b)(1), (b)(2) and (b)(5), K.S.A. 1993 Supp. 21-4628, prior to its repeal, K.S.A. 21-4635 through 21-4638, prior to their repeal, and K.S.A. 2015 Supp. 21-6620, 21-6623, 21-6624 and 21-6625, and amendments thereto, an inmate sentenced to imprisonment for an off-grid offense committed on or after July 1, 1993, but prior to July 1, 1999, shall be eligible for parole after serving 15 years of confinement, without deduction of any good time credits and an inmate sentenced to imprisonment for an off-grid offense committed on or after July 1, 1999, shall be eligible for parole after serving 20 years of confine- ment without deduction of any good time credits.

          (4) Except as provided by K.S.A. 1993 Supp. 21-4628, prior to its repeal, an inmate sentenced for a class A felony committed before July 1, 1993, including an inmate sentenced pursuant to K.S.A. 21-4618, prior to its repeal, or K.S.A. 2015 Supp. 21-6707, and amendments thereto, shall be eligible for parole after serving 15 years of confinement, without deduction of any good time credits.

          (5) An inmate sentenced to imprisonment for a violation of K.S.A. 21-3402(a), prior to its repeal, committed on or after July 1, 1996, but prior to July 1, 1999, shall be eligible for parole after serving 10 years of confinement without deduction of any good time credits.

          (6) An inmate sentenced to imprisonment pursuant to K.S.A. 21-4643, prior to its repeal, or K.S.A. 2015 Supp. 21-6627, and amendments thereto, committed on or after July 1, 2006, shall be eligible for parole after serving the mandatory term of imprisonment without deduction of any good time credits.

          (c) (1) Except as provided in subsection (e), if an inmate is sentenced to imprisonment for more than one crime and the sentences run consecutively, the inmate shall be eligible for parole after serving the total of: (A) The aggregate minimum sentences, as determined pursuant to K.S.A. 21-4608, prior to its repeal, or K.S.A. 2015 Supp. 21-6606, and amendments thereto, less good time credits for those crimes which are not class A felonies; and

          (B) an additional 15 years, without deduction of good time credits, for each crime which is a class A felony.

          (2) If an inmate is sentenced to imprisonment pursuant to K.S.A. 21-4643, prior to its repeal, or K.S.A. 2015 Supp. 21-6627, and amendments thereto, for crimes committed on or after July 1, 2006, the inmate shall be eligible for parole after serving the mandatory term of imprisonment.

          (d) (1) Persons sentenced for crimes, other than off-grid crimes, committed on or after July 1, 1993, or persons subject to subparagraph (G), will not be eligible for parole, but will be released to a mandatory period of postrelease supervision upon completion of the prison portion of their sentence as follows:

          (A) Except as provided in subparagraphs (D) and (E), persons sentenced for nondrug severity levels 1 through 4 crimes, drug severity levels 1 and 2 crimes committed on or after July 1, 1993, but prior to July 1, 2012, and drug severity levels 1, 2 and 3 crimes committed on or after July 1, 2012, must serve 36 months on postrelease supervision.

          (B) Except as provided in subparagraphs (D) and (E), persons sentenced for nondrug severity levels 5 and 6 crimes, drug severity level 3 crimes committed on or after July 1, 1993, but prior to July 1, 2012, and drug severity level 4 crimes committed on or after July 1, 2012, must serve 24 months on postrelease supervision.

          (C) Except as provided in subparagraphs (D) and (E), persons sentenced for nondrug severity levels 7 through 10 crimes, drug severity level 4 crimes committed on or after July 1, 1993, but prior to July 1, 2012, and drug severity level 5 crimes committed on or after July 1, 2012, must serve 12 months on postrelease supervision.

          (D) Persons sentenced to a term of imprisonment that includes a sentence for a sexually violent crime as defined in K.S.A. 22-3717, and amendments thereto, a sexually motivated crime in which the offender has been ordered to register pursuant to subsection (d)(1)(D)(vii) of K.S.A. 22-3717(d)(1)(D)(vii), and amendments thereto, electronic solicitation, K.S.A. 21-3523, prior to its repeal, or K.S.A. 2015 Supp. 21-5509, and amendments thereto, or unlawful sexual relations, K.S.A. 21-3520, prior to its repeal, or K.S.A. 2015 Supp. 21-5512, and amendments thereto, shall serve the period of postrelease supervision as provided in subsections (d)(1)(A), (d)(1)(B) or (d)(1)(C) plus the amount of good time and program credit earned and retained pursuant to K.S.A. 21-4722, prior to its repeal, or K.S.A. 2015 Supp. 21-6821, and amendments thereto, on postrelease supervision.

          (i) If the sentencing judge finds substantial and compelling reasons to impose a departure based upon a finding that the current crime of conviction was sexually motivated, departure may be imposed to extend the postrelease supervision to a period of up to 60 months.

          (ii) If the sentencing judge departs from the presumptive postrelease supervision period, the judge shall state on the record at the time of sentencing the substantial and compelling reasons for the departure. Departures in this section are subject to appeal pursuant to K.S.A. 21-4721, prior to its repeal, or K.S.A. 2015 Supp. 21-6820, and amendments thereto.

          (iii) In determining whether substantial and compelling reasons exist, the court shall consider:

          (a) Written briefs or oral arguments submitted by either the defendant or the state;

          (b) any evidence received during the proceeding;

          (c) the presentence report, the victim’s impact statement and any psychological evaluation as ordered by the court pursuant to K.S.A. 21-4714(e), prior to its repeal, or K.S.A. 2015 Supp. 21-6813(e), and amendments thereto; and

          (d) any other evidence the court finds trustworthy and reliable.

          (iv) The sentencing judge may order that a psychological evaluation be prepared and the recommended programming be completed by the offender. The department of corrections or the prisoner review board shall ensure that court ordered sex offender treatment be carried out.

          (v) In carrying out the provisions of subsection (d)(1)(D), the court shall refer to K.S.A. 21-4718, prior to its repeal, or K.S.A. 2015 Supp. 21-6817, and amendments thereto.

          (vi) Upon petition and payment of any restitution ordered pursuant to K.S.A. 2015 Supp. 21-6604, and amendments thereto, the prisoner review board may provide for early discharge from the postrelease supervision period imposed pursuant to subsection (d)(1)(D)(i) upon completion of court ordered programs and completion of the presumptive postrelease supervision period, as determined by the crime of conviction, pursuant to subsection (d)(1)(A), (d)(1)(B) or (d)(1)(C). Early discharge from postrelease supervision is at the discretion of the board.

          (vii) Persons convicted of crimes deemed sexually violent or sexually motivated shall be registered according to the offender registration act, K.S.A. 22-4901 through 22-4910, and amendments thereto.

          (viii) Persons convicted of K.S.A. 21-3510 or 21-3511, prior to their repeal, or K.S.A. 2015 Supp. 21-5508, and amendments thereto, shall be required to participate in a treatment program for sex offenders during the postrelease supervision period.

          (E) The period of postrelease supervision provided in subparagraphs (A) and (B) may be reduced by up to 12 months and the period of post- release supervision provided in subparagraph (C) may be reduced by up to six months based on the offender’s compliance with conditions of su-pervision and overall performance while on postrelease supervision. The reduction in the supervision period shall be on an earned basis pursuant to rules and regulations adopted by the secretary of corrections.

          (F) In cases where sentences for crimes from more than one severity level have been imposed, the offender shall serve the longest period of postrelease supervision as provided by this section available for any crime upon which sentence was imposed irrespective of the severity level of the crime. Supervision periods will not aggregate.

          (G) Except as provided in subsection (u), persons convicted of a sexually violent crime committed on or after July 1, 2006, and who are released from prison, shall be released to a mandatory period of postrelease supervision for the duration of the person’s natural life.

          (2) Persons serving a period of postrelease supervision pursuant to subsections (d)(1)(A), (d)(1)(B) or (d)(1)(C) may petition the prisoner review board for early discharge. Upon payment of restitution, the prisoner review board may provide for early discharge.

          (3) Persons serving a period of incarceration for a supervision violation shall not have the period of postrelease supervision modified until such person is released and returned to postrelease supervision.

          (4) Offenders whose crime of conviction was committed on or after July 1, 2013, and whose probation, assignment to a community correctional services program, suspension of sentence or nonprison sanction is revoked pursuant to K.S.A. 22-3716(c), and amendments thereto, or whose underlying prison term expires while serving a sanction pursuant to K.S.A. 22-3716(c)(1)(C) or (c)(1)(D), and amendments thereto, shall serve a period of postrelease supervision upon the completion of the underlying prison term.

          (5) As used in this subsection, ‘‘sexually violent crime’’ means:

          (A) Rape, K.S.A. 21-3502, prior to its repeal, or K.S.A. 2015 Supp. 21-5503, and amendments thereto;

          (B) indecent liberties with a child, K.S.A. 21-3503, prior to its repeal, or K.S.A. 2015 Supp. 21-5506(a), and amendments thereto;

          (C) aggravated indecent liberties with a child, K.S.A. 21-3504, prior to its repeal, or K.S.A. 2015 Supp. 21-5506(b), and amendments thereto;

          (D) criminal sodomy, K.S.A. 21- 3505(a)(2) and (a)(3), prior to its repeal, or K.S.A. 2015 Supp. 21-5504(a)(3) and (a)(4), and amendments thereto;

          (E) aggravated criminal sodomy, K.S.A. 21-3506, prior to its repeal, or K.S.A. 2015 Supp. 21-5504(b), and amendments thereto;

          (F) indecent solicitation of a child, K.S.A. 21-3510, prior to its repeal, or K.S.A. 2015 Supp. 21-5508(a), and amendments thereto;

          (G) aggravated indecent solicitation of a child, K.S.A. 21-3511, prior to its repeal, or K.S.A. 2015 Supp. 21-5508(b), and amendments thereto;

          (H) sexual exploitation of a child, K.S.A. 21-3516, prior to its repeal, or K.S.A. 2015 Supp. 21-5510, and amendments thereto;

          (I) aggravated sexual battery, K.S.A. 21-3518, prior to its repeal, or K.S.A. 2015 Supp. 21-5505(b), and amendments thereto;

          (J) aggravated incest, K.S.A. 21-3603, prior to its repeal, or K.S.A. 2015 Supp. 21-5604(b), and amendments thereto;

          (K) aggravated human trafficking, as defined in K.S.A. 21-3447, prior to its           repeal, or K.S.A. 2015 Supp. 21-5426(b), and amendments thereto, if committed in whole or in part for the purpose of the sexual gratification of the defendant or another;

          (L) commercial sexual exploitation of a child, as defined in K.S.A. 2015 Supp. 21-6422, and amendments thereto; or

          (M) an attempt, conspiracy or criminal solicitation, as defined in K.S.A. 21-3301, 21-3302 or 21-3303, prior to their repeal, or K.S.A. 2015 Supp. 21-5301, 21-5302 or 21-5303, and amendments thereto, of a sexually violent crime as defined in this section.

          (6) As used in this subsection, ‘‘sexually motivated’’ means that one of the purposes for which the defendant committed the crime was for the purpose of the defendant’s sexual gratification.

          (e) If an inmate is sentenced to imprisonment for a crime committed while on parole or conditional release, the inmate shall be eligible for parole as provided by subsection (c), except that the prisoner review board may postpone the inmate’s parole eligibility date by assessing a penalty not exceeding the period of time which could have been assessed if the inmate’s parole or conditional release had been violated for reasons other than conviction of a crime.

          (f) If a person is sentenced to prison for a crime committed on or after July 1, 1993, while on probation, parole, conditional release or in a community corrections program, for a crime committed prior to July 1, 1993, and the person is not eligible for retroactive application of the sentencing guidelines and amendments thereto pursuant to K.S.A. 21-4724, prior to its repeal, the new sentence shall not be aggregated with the old sentence, but shall begin when the person is paroled or reaches the conditional release date on the old sentence. If the offender was past the offender’s conditional release date at the time the new offense was committed, the new sentence shall not be aggregated with the old sentence but shall begin when the person is ordered released by the prisoner review board or reaches the maximum sentence expiration date on the old sentence, whichever is earlier. The new sentence shall then be served as otherwise provided by law. The period of postrelease supervision shall be based on the new sentence, except that those offenders whose old sentence is a term of imprisonment for life, imposed pursuant to K.S.A. 1993 Supp. 21-4628, prior to its repeal, or an indeterminate sentence with a maximum term of life imprisonment, for which there is no conditional release or maximum sentence expiration date, shall remain on postrelease supervision for life or until discharged from supervision by the prisoner review board.

          (g) Subject to the provisions of this section, the prisoner review board may release on parole those persons confined in institutions who are eligible for parole when: (1) The board believes that the inmate should be released for hospitalization, deportation or to answer the warrant or other process of a court and is of the opinion that there is reasonable probability that the inmate can be released without detriment to the community or to the inmate; or (2) the secretary of corrections has reported to the board in writing that the inmate has satisfactorily completed the programs required by any agreement entered under K.S.A. 75-5210a, and amendments thereto, or any revision of such agreement, and the board believes that the inmate is able and willing to fulfill the obligations of a law abiding citizen and is of the opinion that there is reasonable probability that the inmate can be released without detriment to the community or to the inmate. Parole shall not be granted as an award of clemency and shall not be considered a reduction of sentence or a pardon.

          (h) The prisoner review board shall hold a parole hearing at least the month prior to the month an inmate will be eligible for parole under subsections (a), (b) and (c). At least one month preceding the parole hearing, the county or district attorney of the county where the inmate was convicted shall give written notice of the time and place of the public comment sessions for the inmate to any victim of the inmate’s crime who is alive and whose address is known to the county or district attorney or, if the victim is deceased, to the victim’s family if the family’s address is known to the county or district attorney. Except as otherwise provided, failure to notify pursuant to this section shall not be a reason to postpone a parole hearing. In the case of any inmate convicted of an off-grid felony or a class A felony, the secretary of corrections shall give written notice of the time and place of the public comment session for such inmate at least one month preceding the public comment session to any victim of such inmate’s crime or the victim’s family pursuant to K.S.A. 74-7338, and amendments thereto. If notification is not given to such victim or such victim’s family in the case of any inmate convicted of an off-grid felony or a class A felony, the board shall postpone a decision on parole of the inmate to a time at least 30 days after notification is given as provided in this section. Nothing in this section shall create a cause of action against the state or an employee of the state acting within the scope of the employee’s employment as a result of the failure to notify pursuant to this section. If granted parole, the inmate may be released on parole on the date specified by the board, but not earlier than the date the inmate is eligible for parole under subsections (a), (b) and (c). At each parole hearing and, if parole is not granted, at such intervals thereafter as it determines appropriate, the board shall consider: (1) Whether the inmate has satisfactorily completed the programs required by any agreement entered under K.S.A. 75-5210a, and amendments thereto, or any revision of such agreement; and (2) all pertinent information regarding such inmate, including, but not limited to, the circumstances of the offense of the inmate; the presentence report; the previous social history and criminal record of the inmate; the conduct, employment, and attitude of the inmate in prison; the reports of such physical and mental examinations as have been made, including, but not limited to, risk factors revealed by any risk assessment of the inmate; comments of the victim and the victim’s family including in person comments, contemporaneous comments and prerecorded comments made by any technological means; comments of the public; official comments; any recommendation by the staff of the facility where the inmate is incarcerated; proportionality of the time the inmate has served to the sentence a person would receive under the Kansas sentencing guidelines for the conduct that resulted in the inmate’s incarceration; and capacity of state correctional institutions.

          (i) In those cases involving inmates sentenced for a crime committed after July 1, 1993, the prisoner review board will review the inmate’s proposed release plan. The board may schedule a hearing if they desire. The board may impose any condition they deem necessary to insure public safety, aid in the reintegration of the inmate into the community, or items not completed under the agreement entered into under K.S.A. 75-5210a, and amendments thereto. The board may not advance or delay an inmate’s release date. Every inmate while on postrelease supervision shall remain in the legal custody of the secretary of corrections and is subject to the orders of the secretary.

          (j) (1) Before ordering the parole of any inmate, the prisoner review board shall have the inmate appear either in person or via a video conferencing format and shall interview the inmate unless impractical because of the inmate’s physical or mental condition or absence from the institution. Every inmate while on parole shall remain in the legal custody of the secretary of corrections and is subject to the orders of the secretary. Whenever the board formally considers placing an inmate on parole and no agreement has been entered into with the inmate under K.S.A. 75-5210a, and amendments thereto, the board shall notify the inmate in writing of the reasons for not granting parole. If an agreement has been entered under K.S.A. 75-5210a, and amendments thereto, and the inmate has not satisfactorily completed the programs specified in the agreement, or any revision of such agreement, the board shall notify the inmate in writing of the specific programs the inmate must satisfactorily complete before parole will be granted. If parole is not granted only because of a failure to satisfactorily complete such programs, the board shall grant

parole upon the secretary’s certification that the inmate has successfully completed such programs. If an agreement has been entered under K.S.A. 75-5210a, and amendments thereto, and the secretary of corrections has reported to the board in writing that the inmate has satisfactorily completed the programs required by such agreement, or any revision thereof, the board shall not require further program participation. However, if the board determines that other pertinent information regarding the inmate warrants the inmate’s not being released on parole, the board shall state in writing the reasons for not granting the parole. If parole is denied for an inmate sentenced for a crime other than a class A or class B felony or an off-grid felony, the board shall hold another parole hearing for the inmate not later than one year after the denial unless the board finds that it is not reasonable to expect that parole would be granted at a hearing if held in the next three years or during the interim period of a deferral. In such case, the board may defer subsequent parole hearings for up to three years but any such deferral by the board shall require the board to state the basis for its findings. If parole is denied for an inmate sentenced for a class A or class B felony or an off-grid felony, the board shall hold another parole hearing for the inmate not later than three years after the denial unless the board finds that it is not reasonable to expect that parole would be granted at a hearing if held in the next 10 years or during the interim period of a deferral. In such case, the board may defer subsequent parole hearings for up to 10 years, but any such deferral shall require the board to state the basis for its findings.

          (2) Inmates sentenced for a class A or class B felony who have not had a board hearing in the five years prior to July 1, 2010, shall have such inmates’ cases reviewed by the board on or before July 1, 2012. Such review shall begin with the inmates with the oldest deferral date and progress to the most recent. Such review shall be done utilizing existing resources unless the board determines that such resources are insufficient. If the board determines that such resources are insufficient, then the provisions of this paragraph are subject to appropriations therefor.

          (k) (1) Parolees and persons on postrelease supervision shall be assigned, upon release, to the appropriate level of supervision pursuant to the criteria established by the secretary of corrections.

          (2) Parolees and persons on postrelease supervision are, and shall agree in writing to be, subject to search or seizure searches of the person and the person’s effects, vehicle, residence and property by a parole officer or a department of corrections enforcement, apprehension and investigation officer, at any time of the day or night, with or without a search warrant and with or without cause. Nothing in this subsection shall be construed to authorize such officers to conduct arbitrary or capricious searches or searches for the sole purpose of harassment.

          (3) Parolees and persons on postrelease supervision are, and shall agree in writing to be, subject to searches of the person and the person’s effects, vehicle, residence and property by any law enforcement officer based on reasonable suspicion of the person violating conditions of parole or postrelease supervision or reasonable suspicion of criminal activity. Any law enforcement officer who conducts such a search shall submit a written report to the appropriate parole officer no later than the close of the next business day after such search. The written report shall include the facts leading to such search, the scope of such search and any findings resulting from such search.

          (l) The prisoner review board shall promulgate rules and regulations in accordance with K.S.A. 77-415 et seq., and amendments thereto, not inconsistent with the law and as it may deem proper or necessary, with respect to the conduct of parole hearings, postrelease supervision reviews, revocation hearings, orders of restitution, reimbursement of expenditures by the state board of indigents’ defense services and other conditions to be imposed upon parolees or releasees. Whenever an order for parole or postrelease supervision is issued it shall recite the conditions thereof.

          (m) Whenever the prisoner review board orders the parole of an inmate or establishes conditions for an inmate placed on postrelease supervision, the board:

          (1) Unless it finds compelling circumstances which would render a plan of payment unworkable, shall order as a condition of parole or post-release supervision that the parolee or the person on postrelease supervision pay any transportation expenses resulting from returning the parolee or the person on postrelease supervision to this state to answer criminal charges or a warrant for a violation of a condition of probation, assignment to a community correctional services program, parole, conditional release or postrelease supervision;

          (2) to the extent practicable, shall order as a condition of parole or postrelease supervision that the parolee or the person on postrelease supervision make progress towards or successfully complete the equivalent of a secondary education if the inmate has not previously completed such educational equivalent and is capable of doing so;

          (3) may order that the parolee or person on postrelease supervision perform community or public service work for local governmental agencies, private corporations organized not-for-profit or charitable or social service organizations performing services for the community;

          (4) may order the parolee or person on postrelease supervision to pay the administrative fee imposed pursuant to K.S.A. 22-4529, and amendments thereto, unless the board finds compelling circumstances which would render payment unworkable;

(5) unless it finds compelling circumstances which would render a plan of payment unworkable, shall order that the parolee or person on postrelease supervision reimburse the state for all or part of the expenditures by the state board of indigents’ defense services to provide counsel and other defense services to the person. In determining the amount and method of payment of such sum, the prisoner review board shall take account of the financial resources of the person and the nature of the burden that the payment of such sum will impose. Such amount shall not exceed the amount claimed by appointed counsel on the payment voucher for indigents’ defense services or the amount prescribed by the board of indigents’ defense services reimbursement tables as provided in K.S.A. 22-4522, and amendments thereto, whichever is less, minus any previous payments for such services;

          (6) shall order that the parolee or person on postrelease supervision agree in writing to be subject to searches of the person and the person’s effects, vehicle, residence and property by a parole officer or a department of corrections enforcement, apprehension and investigation officer, at any time of the day or night, with or without a search warrant and with or without cause. Nothing in this subsection shall be construed to authorize such officers to conduct arbitrary or capricious searches or searches for the sole purpose of harassment; and

          (7) shall order that the parolee or person on postrelease supervision agree in writing to be subject to searches of the person and the person’s effects, vehicle, residence and property by any law enforcement officer based on reasonable suspicion of the person violating conditions of parole or postrelease supervision or reasonable suspicion of criminal activity.

          (n) If the court which sentenced an inmate specified at the time of sentencing the amount and the recipient of any restitution ordered as a condition of parole or postrelease supervision, the prisoner review board shall order as a condition of parole or postrelease supervision that the inmate pay restitution in the amount and manner provided in the journal entry unless the board finds compelling circumstances which would render a plan of restitution unworkable.

          (o) Whenever the prisoner review board grants the parole of an inmate, the board, within 14 days of the date of the decision to grant parole, shall give written notice of the decision to the county or district attorney of the county where the inmate was sentenced.

          (p) When an inmate is to be released on postrelease supervision, the secretary, within 30 days prior to release, shall provide the county or district attorney of the county where the inmate was sentenced written notice of the release date.

          (q) Inmates shall be released on postrelease supervision upon the termination of the prison portion of their sentence. Time served while on postrelease supervision will vest.

          (r) An inmate who is allocated regular good time credits as provided in K.S.A. 22-3725, and amendments thereto, may receive meritorious good time credits in increments of not more than 90 days per meritorious act. These credits may be awarded by the secretary of corrections when an inmate has acted in a heroic or outstanding manner in coming to the assistance of another person in a life threatening situation, preventing injury or death to a person, preventing the destruction of property or taking actions which result in a financial savings to the state.

          (s) The provisions of subsections (d)(1)(A), (d)(1)(B), (d)(1)(C) and (d)(1)(E) shall be applied retroactively as provided in subsection (t).

          (t) For offenders sentenced prior to July 1, 2014, who are eligible for modification of their postrelease supervision obligation, the department of corrections shall modify the period of postrelease supervision as provided for by this section:

          (1) On or before September 1, 2013, for offenders convicted of:

          (A) Severity levels 9 and 10 crimes on the sentencing guidelines grid for nondrug crimes;

          (B) severity level 4 crimes on the sentencing guidelines grid for drug crimes committed prior to July 1, 2012; and

          (C) severity level 5 crimes on the sentencing guidelines grid for drug crimes committed on and after July 1, 2012;

          (2) on or before November 1, 2013, for offenders convicted of:

          (A) Severity levels 6, 7 and 8 crimes on the sentencing guidelines grid for nondrug crimes;

          (B) level 3 crimes on the sentencing guidelines grid for drug crimes committed prior to July 1, 2012; and

          (C) level 4 crimes on the sentencing guidelines grid for drug crimes committed on or after July 1, 2012; and

          (3) on or before January 1, 2014, for offenders convicted of:

          (A) Severity levels 1, 2, 3, 4 and 5 crimes on the sentencing guidelines grid for nondrug crimes;

          (B) severity levels 1 and 2 crimes on the sentencing guidelines grid for drug crimes committed at any time; and

          (C) severity level 3 crimes on the sentencing guidelines grid for drug crimes committed on or after July 1, 2012.

          (u) An inmate sentenced to imprisonment pursuant to K.S.A. 21-4643, prior to its repeal, or K.S.A. 2015 Supp. 21-6627, and amendments thereto, for crimes committed on or after July 1, 2006, shall be placed on parole for life and shall not be discharged from supervision by the prisoner review board. When the board orders the parole of an inmate pursuant to this subsection, the board shall order as a condition of parole that the inmate be electronically monitored for the duration of the inmate’s natural life.

          (v) Whenever the prisoner review board orders a person to be electronically monitored pursuant to this section, or the court orders a person to be electronically monitored pursuant to subsection (r) of K.S.A. 2015 Supp. 21-6604(r), and amendments thereto, the board shall order the person to reimburse the state for all or part of the cost of such monitoring. In determining the amount and method of payment of such sum, the board shall take account of the financial resources of the person and the nature of the burden that the payment of such sum will impose.

          (w) (1) On and after July 1, 2012, for any inmate who is a sex offender, as defined in K.S.A. 22-4902, and amendments thereto, whenever the prisoner review board orders the parole of such inmate or establishes conditions for such inmate placed on postrelease supervision, such inmate shall agree in writing to not possess pornographic materials.

          (A) As used in this subsection, ‘‘pornographic materials’’ means: any obscene material or performance depicting sexual conduct, sexual contact or a sexual performance; and any visual depiction of sexually explicit conduct.

          (B) As used in this subsection, all other terms have the meanings provided by K.S.A. 2015 Supp. 21-5510, and amendments thereto.

          (2) The provisions of this subsection shall be applied retroactively to every sex offender, as defined in K.S.A. 22-4902, and amendments thereto, who is on parole or postrelease supervision on July 1, 2012. The prisoner review board shall obtain the written agreement required by this subsection from such offenders as soon as practicable.

History: L. 1970, ch. 129, § 22-3717; L. 1972, ch. 317, § 90; L. 1973, ch. 339, § 88; L. 1974, ch. 403, § 10; L. 1975, ch. 203, § 1; L. 1976, ch. 168, § 2; L. 1978, ch. 120, § 13; L. 1979, ch. 94, § 2; L. 1981, ch. 156, § 1; L. 1982, ch. 137, § 3; L. 1982, ch. 150, § 2; L. 1983, ch. 116, § 1; L. 1984, ch. 131, § 1; L. 1985, ch. 111, § 2; L. 1986, ch. 128, § 3; L. 1986, ch. 123, § 25; L. 1986, ch. 136, § 3; L. 1987, ch. 118, § 1; L. 1988, ch. 115, § 1; L. 1989, ch. 103, § 1; L. 1990, ch. 99, § 13; L. 1990, ch. 113, § 2; L. 1991, ch. 94, § 1; L. 1992, ch. 239, § 270; L. 1993, ch. 253, § 11; L. 1993, ch. 291, § 281; L. 1994, ch. 21, § 1; L. 1994, ch. 341, § 13; L. 1995, ch. 121, § 4; L. 1996, ch. 158, § 8; L. 1996, ch. 267, § 15; L. 1997, ch. 23, § 5; L. 1997, ch. 181, § 20; L. 1998, ch. 186, § 3; L. 1999, ch. 164, § 20; L. 2000, ch. 182, § 9; L. 2001, ch. 200, § 15; L. 2002, ch. 163, § 5; L. 2004, ch. 102, § 5; L. 2006, ch. 212, § 19; L. 2007, ch. 197, § 4; L. 2008, ch. 116, § 1; L. 2010, ch. 147, § 7; L. 2010, ch. 135, § 32; L. 2011, ch. 30, § 136, L. 2012, ch. 16, § 15; L. 2012, ch. 32, § 2; L. 2012, ch. 150, § 52; L. 2012, ch. 159, § 2; L. 2013, ch. 76, § 2; L. 2013, ch. 133, § 13; L. 2016, ch. 100, § 1; July 1.

22-3718. Conditional release; notice.

          Upon release, an inmate who has served the inmate's maximum term or terms, less such work and good behavior credits as have been earned, shall be subject to such written rules and conditions as the prisoner review board may impose, until the expiration of the maximum term or terms for which the inmate was sentenced or until the inmate is otherwise discharged. If the court which sentenced an inmate specified at the time of sentencing the amount and the recipient of any restitution ordered as a condition of release pursuant to this section, the board may set aside restitution as a condition of release payment of restitution, if the board finds compelling circumstances which would render a plan of restitution unworkable. If the court which sentenced an inmate specified reimbursement of all or part of the expenditures by the state board of indigents' defense services as a condition of release, the board may set aside such reimbursement, if the board finds compelling circumstances which would render a plan of reimbursement unworkable. Prior to the release of any inmate on parole, conditional release or expiration of sentence, if an inmate is released into the community under a program under the supervision of the secretary of corrections, the secretary shall give written notice of such release to any victim or victim's family as provided in K.S.A. 22-3727, and amendments thereto.

History: L. 1970, ch. 129, § 22-3718; L. 1972, ch. 317, § 91; L. 1986, ch. 128, § 4; L. 1989, ch. 103, § 2; L. 1993, ch. 166, § 8; L. 1995, ch. 257, § 4; L. 1997, ch. 23, § 6; L. 1997, ch. 181, § 21; L. 2012, ch. 16, § 16; July 1.

22-3719. Information from correctional institution officials.

          It shall be the duty of all correctional institution officials to grant to the members of the prisoner review board, or its properly accredited representatives, access at all reasonable times to any inmate, to provide for the board or such representative facilities for communicating with and observing such inmate, and to furnish to the board such reports as the board shall require concerning the conduct and character of any inmate in their custody and any other facts deemed by the board to be pertinent in determining any issue before the board.

History: L. 1970, ch. 129, § 22-3719; L. 1972, ch. 317, § 92; L. 1973, ch. 339, § 66; L. 1990, ch. 309, § 20; L. 2012, ch. 16, § 17; July 1.

22-3720. Subpoena power.

          The prisoner review board shall have power to issue subpoenas requiring the attendance of any witnesses and the production of any records, books, papers and documents that it considers necessary for the investigation of the issues before it. Subpoenas may be signed and oaths administered by any member of the board. Subpoenas so issued may be served by any law enforcement officer, in the same manner as similar process in the district court. Any person who testifies falsely, fails to appear when subpoenaed or fails or refuses to produce material pursuant to the subpoena shall be subject to the same orders and penalties to which a person before a court is subject. Any district court of this state, upon application of the board, may in its discretion compel the attendance of witnesses, the production of material and the giving of testimony before the board, by an attachment for contempt or otherwise in the same manner as production of evidence may be compelled before the district court.

History: L. 1970, ch. 129, § 22-3720; L. 1972, ch. 317, § 93; L. 1973, ch. 339, § 67; L. 1984, ch. 112, § 10; L. 1990, ch. 309, § 21; L. 2012, ch. 16, § 18; July 1.

22-3722. Service on parole, conditional release and postrelease supervision; discharge; restoration of civil rights.

          The period served on parole or conditional release shall be deemed service of the term of confinement, and, subject to the provisions contained in K.S.A. 75-5217 and amendments thereto relating to an inmate who is a fugitive from or has fled from justice, the total time served may not exceed the maximum term or sentence. The period served on postrelease supervision shall vest in and be subject to the provisions contained in K.S.A. 75-5217 and amendments thereto relating to an inmate who is a fugitive from or has fled from justice. The total time served shall not exceed the postrelease supervision period established at sentencing.

          When an inmate on parole or conditional release has performed the obligations of the release for such time as shall satisfy the prisoner review board that final release is not incompatible with the best interest of society and the welfare of the individual, the board may make a final order of discharge and issue a certificate of discharge to the inmate but no such order of discharge shall be made in any case within a period of less than one year after the date of release except where the sentence expires earlier thereto. When an inmate has reached the end of the postrelease supervision period, the board shall issue a certificate of discharge to the releasee. Such discharge, and the discharge of an inmate who has served the inmate's term of imprisonment, shall have the effect of restoring all civil rights lost by operation of law upon commitment, and the certification of discharge shall so state. Nothing herein contained shall be held to impair the power of the governor to grant a pardon or commutation of sentence in any case.

History: L. 1970, ch. 129, § 22-3722; L. 1972, ch. 317, § 95; L. 1973, ch. 339, § 68; L. 1990, ch. 309, § 22; L. 1992, ch. 239, § 271; L. 2012, ch. 16, § 19, July 1.

22-3723. Transfer of offenders under treaties.

          Whenever a treaty is in force between the United States and a foreign country providing for the transfer of offenders between the United States and such foreign country, the governor is authorized to give the approval of the state of Kansas to a transfer as provided in the treaty, upon the application of a person under the jurisdiction of the secretary of corrections or the secretary of social and rehabilitation services.

History: L. 1980, ch. 258, § 1; July 1.

22-3725. Good time credits, crimes committed prior to July 1, 1993.

          (a) Except as otherwise provided for crimes committed by inmates on or after July 1, 1993, for the purpose of determining an inmate's eligibility for parole or conditional release, regardless of when the inmate was sentenced or committed the crime for which sentenced, good time credits shall be allocated as follows:


GOOD TIME TABLE (Assumed 360-Day Years, 30-Day Months)


SENTENCE Minimum (or) Maximum

GOOD TIME EARNED

 

MUST SERVE

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Years

Months

Years

Months

1

0

4

0

8

2

1

0

1

0

3

1

6

1

6

4

2

0

2

0

5

2

6

2

6

6

3

0

3

0

7

3

6

3

6

8

4

0

4

0

9

4

6

4

6

10

5

0

5

0

11

5

6

5

6

12

6

0

6

0

13

6

6

6

6

14

7

0

7

0

15

7

6

7

6

16

8

0

8

0

17

8

6

8

6

18

9

0

9

0

19

9

6

9

6

20

10

0

10

0

21

10

6

10

6

22

11

0

11

0

23

11

6

11

6

24

12

0

12

0

25

12

6

12

6

26

13

0

13

0

27

13

6

13

6

28

14

0

14

0

29

14

6

14

6

30

15

0

15

0

31

15

6

15

6

32

16

0

16

0

33

16

6

16

6

34

17

0

17

0

35

17

6

17

6

36

18

0

18

0

37

18

6

18

6

38

19

0

19

0

39

19

6

19

6

40

20

0

20

0

41

20

6

20

6

42

21

0

21

0

43

21

6

21

6

44

22

0

22

0

45

22

6

22

6

46

23

0

23

0

47

23

6

23

6

48

24

0

24

0

49

24

6

24

6

50

25

0

25

0

51

25

6

25

6

52

26

0

26

0

53

26

6

26

6

54

27

0

27

0

55

27

6

27

6

56

28

0

28

0

57

28

6

28

6

58

29

0

29

0

59

29

6

29

6

60

30

0

30

0

61

30

6

30

6

62

31

0

31

0

63

31

6

31

6

64

32

0

32

0

65

32

6

32

6

66

33

0

33

0

67

33

6

33

6

68

34

0

34

0

69

34

6

34

6

70

35

0

35

0

71

35

6

35

6

72

36

0

36

0

73

36

6

36

6

74

37

0

37

0

75

37

6

37

6

76

38

0

38

0

77

38

6

38

6

78

39

0

39

0

79

39

6

39

6

80

40

0

40

0

81

40

6

40

6

82

41

0

41

0

83

41

6

41

6

84

42

0

42

0

85

42

6

42

6

86

43

0

43

0

87

43

6

43

6

88

44

0

44

0

89

44

6

44

6

90

45

0

45

0

91

45

6

45

6

92

46

0

46

0

93

46

6

46

6

94

47

0

47

0

95

47

6

47

6

96

48

0

48

0

97

48

6

48

6

98

49

0

49

0

99

49

6

49

6

100

50

0

50

0

 

 

 

 

 

          (b) Maximum good time credits for sentences of less than two years shall be computed as follows: One day for every two days served and one month for every year served.

          (c) Maximum good time credits for sentences two years or greater shall be computed as follows: One-half of the sentence.

          (d) Good time credits shall be awarded on an earned basis pursuant to rules and regulations adopted by the secretary of corrections.

          (e) The provisions of this section shall not apply to crimes committed by inmates on or after July 1, 1993. Good time calculations for such crimes shall be as provided in K.S.A. 21-4722 prior to its repeal, or K.S.A. 21-6821, and amendments thereto.

          (f) An inmate shall not be awarded good time credits pursuant to this section for any review period established by the secretary of corrections in which a court finds that the inmate has done any of the following while in the custody of the secretary of corrections:

          (1) Filed a false or malicious action or claim with the court;

          (2) brought an action or claim with the court solely or primarily for delay or harassment;

          (3) testified falsely or otherwise submitted false evidence or information to the court;

          (4) attempted to create or obtain a false affidavit, testimony or evidence; or

          (5) abused the discovery process in any judicial action or proceeding.

History: L. 1988, ch. 115, § 2; L. 1989, ch. 92, § 28; L. 1992, ch. 239, § 272; L. 1993, ch. 291, § 199; L. 1996, ch. 148, § 2; L. 2011, ch. 30, § 137, July 1.

22-3726. Supervised furlough; crimes committed prior to July 1, 1993.

          The secretary of corrections may place, on a six-month supervised furlough, any inmate who is classified at a custody level not higher than minimum and who will be eligible for parole under K.S.A. 22-3717 and amendments thereto by the end of the six-month period. If, at the end of the six-month period, the secretary determines that the inmate has successfully completed the furlough, the secretary shall certify that fact to the prisoner review board, which shall promptly order the inmate's release on parole, without hearing, under the level of supervision specified by the secretary and subject to such conditions as imposed by the board. The provisions of this section shall not apply to crimes committed by inmates on or after July 1, 1993.

History: L. 1988, ch. 115, § 3; L. 1992, ch. 239, § 273; L. 2012, ch. 16, § 20; July 1.

22-3727. Secretary of corrections; prior to release, information to victims.

          (a) Prior to the release of any inmate on parole, conditional release, expiration of sentence or postrelease supervision, if an inmate is released into the community under a program under the supervision of the secretary of corrections, or after the escape of an inmate or death of an inmate while in the secretary of corrections' custody, the secretary of corrections shall give written notice of such release, escape or death to any victim of the inmate's crime who is alive and whose address is known to the secretary or, if the victim is deceased, to the victim's family if the family's address is known to the secretary. Such notice shall be required to be given to the victim or the victim's family only if the inmate was convicted of any crime in article 33, 34, 35 or 36 of chapter 21 of the Kansas Statutes Annotated prior to their repeal, or K.S.A. 21-5301 through 21-5609, 21-6104, 21-6325, 21-6326, or 21-4619 through 21-6422,and amendments thereto. Failure to notify the victim or the victim's family as provided in this section shall not be a reason for postponement of parole, conditional release or other forms of release.

          (b) As used in this section, "victim’s family" means a spouse, surviving spouse, children, parents, legal guardian, siblings, stepparents or grandparents.

History: L. 1993, ch. 166, § 7; L. 2010, ch. 61, § 8; L. 2011, ch. 30, § 138, L. 2015, ch. 94, § 8; July 1.

22-3727a. Notification upon escape or death of an inmate.

          (a) The secretary of corrections shall, as soon as practicable, provide notification as provided in K.S.A. 22-3303, 22-3305, 22-3428, 22-3428a, 22-3430, 22-3431 and 22-3727, and amendments thereto, and upon the escape or death of a committed defendant or inmate while in the custody of the secretary of social and rehabilitation services, to any victim of the defendant or inmate’s crime whose address is known to the secretary of corrections, and the victim’s family, if so requested and the family’s addresses are known to the secretary of corrections. Such notice shall be required to be given only if the defendant was charged with, or the inmate was convicted of, any crime in article 33, 34, 35 or 36 of chapter 21 of the Kansas Statutes Annotated prior to their repeal, or K.S.A. 21-5301 through 21-5609, 21-6104, 21-6325, 21-6326, or 21-4619 through 21-6422,and amendments thereto.

          (b) As used in this section, ‘‘victim’s family’’ means a spouse, surviving spouse, children, parents, legal guardian, siblings, stepparents or grandparents.

History: L. 2010, ch. 61, § 1; L. 2011, ch. 30, § 139, L. 2015, ch. 94, § 8; July 1.

22-3728. Functional incapacitation release; procedures; notice; conditions; supervision upon release.

          (a) (1) Upon application of the secretary of corrections, the prisoner review board may grant release to any person deemed to be functionally incapacitated, upon such terms and conditions as prescribed in the order granting such release.

          (2) The secretary of corrections shall adopt rules and regulations governing the prisoner review board's procedure for initiating, processing, reviewing and establishing criteria for review of applications filed on behalf of persons deemed to be functionally incapacitated. Such rules and regulations shall include criteria and guidelines for determining whether the functional incapacitation precludes the person from posing a threat to the public.

          (3) Subject to the provisions of subsections (a)(4) and (a)(5), a functional incapacitation release shall not be granted until at least 30 days after written notice of the application has been given to: (A) The prosecuting attorney and the judge of the court in which the person was convicted; and (B) any victim of the person’s crime or the victim’s family. Notice of such application shall be given by the secretary of corrections to the victim who is alive and whose address is known to the secretary, or if the victim is deceased, to the victim’s family if the family’s address is known to the secretary. Subject to the provisions of subsection (a)(4), if there is no known address for the victim, if alive, or the victim’s family, if deceased, the board shall not grant or deny such application until at least 30 days after notification is given by publication in the county of conviction. Publication costs shall be paid by the department of corrections.

          (4) All applications for functional incapacitation release shall be referred to the board. The board shall examine each case and may approve such application and grant a release. An application for release shall not be approved unless the board determines that the person is functionally incapacitated and does not represent a future risk to public safety. The board shall determine whether a hearing is necessary on the application. The board may request additional information or evidence it deems necessary from a medical or mental health practitioner.

          (5) The board shall establish any conditions related to the release of the person. The release shall be conditional, and be subject to revocation pursuant to K.S.A. 75-5217, and amendments thereto, if the person’s functional incapacity significantly diminishes, if the person fails to comply with any condition of release, or if the board otherwise concludes that the person presents a threat or risk to public safety. The person shall remain on release supervision until the release is revoked, expiration of the maximum sentence, or discharged by the board. Subject to the provisions of subsection (f) of K.S.A. 75-5217, and amendments thereto, the person shall receive credit for the time during which the person is on functional incapacitation release supervision towards service of the prison and postrelease supervision obligations of determinate sentences or indeterminate sentences.

          (6) The secretary of corrections shall cause the person to be supervised upon release, and shall have the authority to initiate revocation of the person at any time for the reasons indicated in subsection (a)(5).

          (7) The decision of the board on the application or any revocation shall be final and not subject to review by any administrative agency or court.

          (8) In determining whether a person is functionally incapacitated, the board shall consider the following:

                     (A)     The person’s current condition as confirmed by medical or mental health care providers, including whether the condition is terminal;

                     (B)     the person’s age and personal history;

                     (C)     the person’s criminal history;

                     (D)     the person’s length of sentence and time the person has served;

                     (E)     the nature and circumstances of the current offense;

                     (F)      the risk or threat to the community if released;

                     (G)     whether an appropriate release plan has been established; and

                     (H)     any other factors deemed relevant by the board.

          (b) Nothing in this section shall be construed to limit or preclude submission of an application for pardon or commutation of sentence pursuant to K.S.A. 22-3701, and amendments thereto.

          (c) Nothing in this section shall apply to the release of people with terminal medical conditions as described in section 2, and amendments thereto.

          (d) This section does not apply to any person sentenced to imprisonment for an off-grid offense.

History: L. 2002, Ch. 57, § 1; L. 2010, ch. 107, § 1; L. 2012, ch. 16, § 21; July 1.

22-3729. Release for medical conditions.

          (a) (1) Upon application of the secretary of corrections, the chairperson of the prisoner review board may grant release to any person deemed by a doctor licensed to practice medicine and surgery in Kansas to have a terminal medical condition likely to cause death within 30 days upon such terms and conditions as prescribed in the order granting such release.

          (2) The secretary of corrections shall adopt rules and regulations governing the prisoner review board's procedure for initiating, processing, reviewing and establishing criteria for review of applications filed on behalf of persons deemed to have a terminal medical condition likely to cause death within 30 days. Such rules and regulations shall include criteria and guidelines for determining whether the terminal medical condition precludes the person from posing a threat to the public.

          (3) All applications for a terminal medical condition release shall be referred to the chairperson of the board. The chairperson of the board shall examine each case and may approve such application and grant a release. An application for release shall not be approved unless the chairperson of the board determines that the person has been deemed by a doctor licensed to practice medicine and surgery in Kansas to have a terminal medical condition likely to cause death within 30 days and does not represent a future risk to public safety. The chairperson of the board may request additional information or evidence the chairperson of the board deems necessary from a doctor licensed to practice medicine and surgery in Kansas.

          (4) The chairperson of the board shall establish any conditions related to the release of the person. The release shall be conditional, and be subject to revocation pursuant to K.S.A. 75-5217, and amendments thereto, if the person’s illness or condition significantly improves, the person does not die within 30 days of release, if the person fails to comply with any condition of release, or if the board otherwise concludes that the person presents a threat or risk to public safety. The person shall remain on release supervision until the release is revoked, expiration of the maximum sentence or discharged by the board. Subject to the provisions of subsection (f) of K.S.A. 75-5217, and amendments thereto, the person shall receive credit for the time during which the person is on terminal medical condition release supervision towards service of the prison and postrelease supervision obligations of determinate sentences or indeterminate sentences.

          (5) The secretary of corrections shall cause the person to be supervised upon release, and shall have the authority to initiate revocation of the person at any time for the reasons indicated in subsection (a)(4).

          (6) The decision of the chairperson of the board on the application and the decision of the board regarding any revocation shall be final and not subject to review by any administrative agency or court.

          (7) In determining whether a person meets the criteria to be released under this section, the chairperson of the board shall consider the following:

          (A) The person’s current condition as confirmed by a doctor licensed to practice medicine and surgery in Kansas, including whether the condition is terminal and likely to cause death within 30 days;

          (B) the person’s age and personal history;

          (C) the person’s criminal history;

          (D) the person’s length of sentence and time the person has served;

          (E) the nature and circumstances of the current offense;

          (F) the risk or threat to the community if released;

          (G) whether an appropriate release plan has been established; and

          (H) any other factors deemed relevant by the board member.

          (b) Nothing in this section shall be construed to limit or preclude submission of an application for pardon or commutation of sentence pursuant to K.S.A. 22-3701, and amendments thereto.

          (c) The secretary shall give notice of the granting of a terminal medical condition release to: (1) The prosecuting attorney and the judge of the court in which the person was convicted; and (2) any victim of the person’s crime if alive or the victim’s family if the victim is deceased, whose address is known by the secretary.

          (d) This section does not apply to any person sentenced to imprisonment for an off-grid offense.

History: L. 2010, ch. 107, § 2; L. 2012, ch. 16, § 22; July 1.

22-3730. Home detention.

          (a) The secretary of corrections may transfer an offender from a correctional facility to home detention in the community if the secretary determines that community parenting release is an appropriate placement and:

          (1) The offender is serving a current sentence for a nondrug severity level 4 through 10 felony or a drug severity level 3 through 5 felony and is determined to be low, low-moderate or moderate risk on a standardized risk assessment tool;

          (2) the offender has no prior or current conviction for a sex offense or an inherently dangerous felony as defined in K.S.A. 2015 Supp. 21-5402, and amendments thereto, not including a drug severity level 3 through 5 felony;

          (3) the offender has not been found by the United States attorney general to be subject to a deportation detainer or order;

          (4) the offender signs any release of information waivers required to allow information regarding current or prior child in need of care cases involving the offender to be shared with the department of corrections;

          (5) the offender had physical custody of such offender’s minor child or was a legal guardian or custodian with physical custody of a minor child at the time the offense for which the offender is serving a sentence was committed;

          (6) the offender has 12 months or less remaining of the offender’s sentence; and

          (7) the secretary of corrections determines that such placement is in the best interests of the child.

          (b) Prior to transferring an offender from a correctional facility to home detention pursuant to this section, the secretary of corrections shall obtain information from the department for children and families regarding any child in need of care case involving the offender. Such information shall be used by the secretary of corrections in determining whether placing an offender in community parenting release is in the best interests of the child.

          (c) Offenders placed on community parenting release shall provide to the secretary of corrections an approved residence and living arrangement prior to transfer to home detention.

          (d) The secretary of corrections shall:

          (1) Require offenders placed on community parenting release to:

          (A) Comply with the provisions of K.S.A. 21-6609, and amendments thereto; and

          (B) participate in programming and treatment that the secretary determines is needed; and

          (2) assign a parole officer to monitor the offender’s compliance with conditions of community parenting release.

          (e) The secretary of corrections has the authority to return any offender serving the remainder of such offender’s sentence on community parenting release to a correctional facility if the offender is not complying with community parenting release requirements.

History: L. 2016, ch. 87, § 1; July 1.