Kansas Code of Criminal Procedure

K.S.A. Chapter 22 - Article 24 - Arrest

Current through end of 2017 legislative session

22-2401        Arrest by law enforcement officer.

22-2401a      Jurisdiction of certain law enforcement officers and of university police officers.

22-2402        Stopping of suspect.

22-2403        Arrest by private person.

22-2404        Arrest by law enforcement officer from another jurisdiction.

22-2405        Method of arrest.

22-2406        Release by officer of person arrested.

22-2407        Assisting law enforcement officer.

22-2408        Notice to appear.

22-2409        Crimes committed by corporations.

22-2410        Expungement of arrest records.

22-2411        Arrest powers of federal law enforcement officers; sunset.

22-2401. Arrest by law enforcement officer.

          A law enforcement officer may arrest a person under any of the following circumstances:

          (a) The officer has a warrant commanding that the person be arrested.

          (b) The officer has probable cause to believe that a warrant for the person's arrest has been issued in this state or in another jurisdiction for a felony committed therein.

          (c) The officer has probable cause to believe that the person is committing or has committed:

          (1) A felony; or

          (2) a misdemeanor, and the law enforcement officer has probable cause to believe that:

          (A) The person will not be apprehended or evidence of the crime will be irretrievably lost unless the person is immediately arrested;

          (B) the person may cause injury to self or others or damage to property unless immediately arrested; or

          (C) the person has intentionally inflicted bodily harm to another person.

          (d) Any crime, except a traffic infraction or a cigarette or tobacco infraction, has been or is being committed by the person in the officer's view.

History: L. 1970, ch. 129, § 22-2401; L. 1984, ch. 127, § 2; L. 1984, ch. 39, § 37; L. 1996, ch. 214, § 29; July 1.

22-2401a. Jurisdiction of certain law enforcement officers and of university police officers.

          (1) Law enforcement officers employed by consolidated county law enforcement agencies or departments and sheriffs and their deputies may exercise their powers as law enforcement officers:

          (a) Anywhere within their county; and

          (b) in any other place when a request for assistance has been made by law enforcement officers from that place or when in fresh pursuit of a person.

          (2) Law enforcement officers employed by any city may exercise their powers as law enforcement officers:

          (a) Anywhere within the city limits of the city employing them and outside of such city when on property owned or under the control of such city; and

          (b) in any other place when a request for assistance has been made by law enforcement officers from that place or when in fresh pursuit of a person.

          (3) (a) Law enforcement officers employed by a Native American Indian Tribe may exercise powers of law enforcement officers anywhere within the exterior limits of the reservation of the tribe employing such tribal law enforcement officer, subject to the following:

          (i) The provisions of subsection (3)(a) shall be applicable only if such Native American Indian Tribe has entered into a valid and binding agreement with an insurance carrier to provide liability insurance coverage for damages assessed in state or federal court and arising from the acts, errors or omissions of such tribal law enforcement agency or officer while acting pursuant to this section. Such insurance policy shall be in an amount not less than $500,000 for any one person and $2,000,000 for any one occurrence for personal injury and $1,000,000 for any one occurrence for property damage and shall carry an endorsement to provide coverage for mutual aid assistance. Such insurance policy shall be subject to verification by the attorney general. Such insurance policy shall include an endorsement providing that the insurer may not invoke tribal sovereign immunity up to the limits of the policy set forth herein.

          (ii) The provisions of subsection (3)(a) shall be applicable only if such Native American Indian Tribe has filed with the county clerk a map clearly showing the boundaries of the Tribe’s reservation as defined in this section.

(b) If a claim is brought against any tribal law enforcement agency or officer for acts committed by such agency or officer while acting pursuant to this section, such claim shall be subject to disposition as if the tribe was the state pursuant to the Kansas tort claims act, provided that such act shall not govern the tribe’s purchase of insurance. The tribe shall waive its sovereign immunity solely to the extent necessary to permit recovery under the liability insurance, but not to exceed the policy limits.

(c) Nothing in this subsection (3) shall be construed to prohibit any agreement between any state, county or city law enforcement agency and any Native American Indian Tribe.

(d) Nothing in this subsection (3) shall be construed to affect the provision of law enforcement services outside the exterior boundaries of reservations so as to affect in any way the criteria by which the United States department of the interior makes a determination regarding placement of land into trust.

(e) Neither the state nor any political subdivision of the state shall be liable for any act or failure to act by any tribal law enforcement officer.

          (4) University police officers employed by the chief executive officer of any state educational institution or municipal university may exercise their powers as university police officers:

          (a) On property owned, occupied or operated by the state educational institution or municipal university, by a board of trustees of the state educational institution, an endowment association, an affiliated corporation, an athletic association, a fraternity, sorority or other student group associated with the state educational institution or municipal university or at the site of a function or academic program sponsored by the state educational institution or municipal university;

          (b) on the streets, property and highways immediately adjacent to and coterminous with the property described in subsection (4)(a);

          (c) within the city or county where such property as described in this subsection is located, as necessary to protect the health, safety and welfare of students and faculty of the state educational institution or municipal university, with appropriate agreement by the local law enforcement agencies. Such agreements shall include provisions defining the geographical scope of the jurisdiction conferred, circumstances requiring the extended jurisdiction, scope of law enforcement powers and duration of the agreement. Any agreement entered into pursuant to this provision shall be approved by the governing body of the city or county, or both, having jurisdiction where such property is located, and the chief executive officer of the state educational institution or municipal university involved before such agreement may take effect;

          (d) additionally, when there is reason to believe that a violation of a state law, a county resolution, or a city ordinance has occurred on property described in subsection (4)(a) or (b), such officers with appropriate notification of, and coordination with, local law enforcement agencies or departments, may investigate and arrest persons for such a violation anywhere within the city where such property, streets and highways are located. Such officers also may exercise such powers in any other place when in fresh pursuit of a person. University police officers shall also have authority to transport persons in custody to an appropriate facility, wherever it may be located. University police officers at the university of Kansas medical center may provide emergency transportation of medical supplies and transplant organs; and

          (e) additionally, pursuant to a written agreement between the university of Kansas hospital authority and the university of Kansas medical center, university police officers employed by the university of Kansas medical center may exercise their powers as law enforcement officers on property owned, occupied or operated by the university of Kansas healthcare system or university of Kansas hospital authority as authorized by this section and K.S.A. 76-726 and 76-3314, and amendments thereto.

          (5) In addition to the areas where law enforcement officers may exercise their powers pursuant to subsection (2), law enforcement officers of any jurisdiction within Johnson or Sedgwick county may exercise their powers as law enforcement officers in any area within the respective county when executing a valid arrest warrant or search warrant, to the extent necessary to execute such warrants.

          (6) In addition to the areas where university police officers may exercise their powers pursuant to subsection (3), university police officers may exercise the powers of law enforcement officers in any area outside their normal jurisdiction when a request for assistance has been made by law enforcement officers from the area for which assistance is requested.

          (7) In addition to the areas where law enforcement officers may exercise their powers pursuant to subsection (2), law enforcement officers of any jurisdiction within Johnson county may exercise their powers as law enforcement officers in any adjoining city within Johnson county when any crime, including a traffic infraction, has been or is being committed by a person in view of the law enforcement officer. A law enforcement officer shall be considered to be exercising such officer's powers pursuant to subsection (2), when such officer is responding to the scene of a crime, even if such officer exits the city limits of the city employing the officer and further reenters the city limits of the city employing the officer to respond to such scene.

          (8) Campus police officers employed by a community college or school district may exercise the power and authority of law enforcement officers anywhere:

          (a) On property owned, occupied or operated by the school district or community college or at the site of a function sponsored by the school district or community college;

          (b) on the streets, property and highways immediately adjacent to and coterminous with property described in subsection (7)(a);

          (c) within the city or county where property described in subsection (7)(a) is located, as necessary to protect the health, safety and welfare of students and faculty of the school district or community college, with appropriate agreement by local law enforcement agencies. Such agreements shall include provisions, defining the geographical scope of the jurisdiction conferred, circumstances requiring the extended jurisdiction, scope of law enforcement powers and duration of the agreement. Before any agreement entered into pursuant to this section shall take effect, it shall be approved by the governing body of the city or county, or both, having jurisdiction where such property is located, and the board of education or board of trustees involved;

          (d) with appropriate notification of and coordination with local law enforcement agencies, within the city or county where property described in subsection (7)(a) or (7)(b) is located, when there is reason to believe that a violation of a state law, county resolution or city ordinance has occurred on such property, as necessary to investigate and arrest persons for such a violation;

          (e) when in fresh pursuit of a person; and (f) when transporting persons in custody to an appropriate facility, wherever it may be located.

          (9) TAG law enforcement officers employed by the adjutant general may exercise their powers as police officers anywhere:

          (a) On property owned or under the control of the Kansas national guard or any component under the command of the adjutant general;

          (b) on the streets, property and highways immediately adjacent to property owned or under the control of the Kansas national guard; within the city or county where such property as described in subsection (9)(a) or (b) is located, as necessary to protect such property; or to protect the health, safety and welfare of members of the national guard, reserve or employees of the United States department of defense, the United States department of homeland security or any branch of the United States military with appropriate agreement by the local law enforcement agencies. Such agreements shall include provisions defining the geographical scope of the jurisdiction conferred, circumstances requiring the extended jurisdiction, scope of law enforcement powers and duration of the agreement. Any agreement entered into pursuant to this provision shall be approved by the governing body of the city or county, or both, having jurisdiction where such property is located, and the adjutant general before such agreement may take effect. In addition, when there is reason to believe that a violation of a state law, a county resolution or a city ordinance has occurred on property described in subsection (9)(a) or (b), after providing appropriate notification to, and coordination with, local law enforcement agencies or departments, such officers may investigate and arrest persons for such a violation anywhere within the city or county where such property, streets and highways are located. Such officers also may exercise such powers in any other place when in fresh pursuit of a person. TAG law enforcement officers shall also have authority to transport persons in custody to an appropriate facility, wherever it may be located.

          (10) Horsethief reservoir benefit district law enforcement officers may exercise the power and authority of law enforcement officers anywhere:

          (a) On property owned, occupied or operated by the benefit district or at the site of a function sponsored by the benefit district;

          (b) on the streets, property and highways immediately adjacent to and coterminous with property described in subsection (10)(a);

          (c) within the city or county where property described in subsection (10)(a) is located, as necessary to protect the health, safety and welfare of benefit district employees, board members, volunteers and visitors, with appropriate agreement by local law enforcement agencies. Such agreements shall include provisions defining the geographical scope of the jurisdiction conferred, circumstances requiring the extended jurisdiction, scope of law enforcement powers and duration of the agreement. Before any agreement entered into pursuant to this section shall take effect, it shall be approved by the governing body of the city or county, or both, having jurisdiction where such property is located, and the governing board of the horsethief reservoir benefit district;

          (d) with appropriate notification of and coordination with local law enforcement agencies, within the city or county where property described in subsection (10)(a) or (10)(b) is located, when there is reason to believe that a violation of a state law, county resolution or city ordinance has occurred on such property, as necessary to investigate and arrest persons for such a violation;

          (e) when in fresh pursuit of a person; and

          (f) when transporting persons in custody to an appropriate facility, wherever it may be located.

          (11) As used in this section:

          (a) "Law enforcement officer" means: (i) Any law enforcement officer as defined in K.S.A. 22-2202, and amendments thereto; or (ii) any tribal law enforcement officer who is employed by a Native American Indian Tribe and has completed successfully the initial and any subsequent law enforcement training required under the Kansas law enforcement training act.

          (b) "University police officer" means a police officer employed by the chief executive officer of: (i) any state educational institution under the control and supervision of the state board of regents; or (ii) a municipal university;

          (c) "Campus police officer" means a school security officer designated as a campus police officer pursuant to K.S.A. 72-8222, and amendments thereto.

          (d) "Fresh pursuit" means pursuit, without unnecessary delay, of a person who has committed a crime, or who is reasonably suspected of having committed a crime.

          (e) "Native American Indian Tribe" means the Prairie Band Potawatomi Nation, Kickapoo Tribe in Kansas, Sac and Fox Nation ofMissouri and the Iowa Tribe of Kansas and Nebraska.

          (f) "Reservation" means:

          (i) With respect to the Iowa Tribe of Kansas and Nebraska, the reservation established by treaties with the United States concluded May 17, 1854, and March 6, 1861;

          (ii) with respect to the Kickapoo Nation, the reservation established by treaty with the United States concluded June 28, 1862;

          (iii) with respect to the Prairie Band Potawatomi Nation in Kansas, the reservation established by treaties with the United States concluded June 5, 1846, November 15, 1861, and February 27, 1867; and

          (iv) with respect to the Sac and Fox Nation of Missouri in Kansas and Nebraska: (A) the reservation established by treaties with the United States concluded May 18, 1854, and March 6, 1861, and by acts of Congress of June 10, 1872 (17 Stat. 391), and August 15, 1876 (19 Stat. 208), and (B) the premises of the gaming facility established pursuant to the gaming compact entered into between such nation and the state of Kansas, and the surrounding parcel of land held in trust which lies adjacent to and east of U.S. Highway 75 and adjacent to and north of Kansas Highway 20, as identified in such compact.

          (g) "TAG law enforcement officer" means a police officer employed by the adjutant general pursuant to K.S.A. 48-204 and amendments thereto.

          (h) "Horsethief reservoir benefit district law enforcement officer" means a police officer employed by the horsethief reservoir benefit district pursuant to K.S.A. 2015 Supp. 82a-2212, and amendments thereto.

History: L. 1977, ch. 82, § 1; L. 1977, ch. 84, § 1; L. 1982, ch. 380, § 2; L. 1985, ch. 113, § 1; L. 1994, ch. 286, § 1; L. 1995, ch. 180, § 2; L. 1996, ch. 224, § 8; L. 1998, ch. 20, § 1; L. 2004, ch. 180, § 5; L. 2007, ch. 195, § 14; L. 2010, ch. 42, § 5, L. 2016, ch. 88, § 8; July 1.

22-2402. Stopping of suspect.

          (1) Without making an arrest, a law enforcement officer may stop any person in a public place whom such officer reasonably suspects is committing, has committed or is about to commit a crime and may demand of the name, address of such suspect and an explanation of such suspect's actions.

          (2) When a law enforcement officer has stopped a person for questioning pursuant to this section and reasonably suspects that such officer's personal safety requires it, such officer may frisk such person for firearms or other dangerous weapons. If the law enforcement officer finds a firearm or weapon, or other thing, the possession of which may be a crime or evidence of crime, such officer may take and keep it until the completion of the questioning, at which time such officer shall either return it, if lawfully possessed, or arrest such person.

History: L. 1970, ch. 129, § 22-2402; L. 1990, ch. 106, § 1; July 1.

22-2403. Arrest by private person.

          A person who is not a law enforcement officer may arrest another person when:

          (1) A felony has been or is being committed and the person making the arrest has probable cause to believe that the arrested person is guilty thereof; or

          (2) any crime, other than a traffic infraction or a cigarette or tobacco infraction, has been or is being committed by the arrested person in the view of the person making the arrest.

History: L. 1970, ch. 129, § 22-2403; L. 1984, ch. 39, § 38; L. 1996, ch. 214, § 30; July 1.

22-2404. Arrest by law enforcement officer from another jurisdiction.

          (1) As used in this section:

          (a) "State" means any state of the United States and the District of Columbia.

          (b) "Law enforcement officer" means any member of any duly organized state, county or municipal law enforcement organization of another state.

          (c) "Fresh pursuit" means the pursuit without unnecessary delay of a person who has committed a crime, or who is reasonably suspected of having committed a crime.

          (2) Any law enforcement officer of another state who enters this state in fresh pursuit and continues within this state in fresh pursuit of a person in order to arrest him on the ground that he has committed a crime in the other state has the same authority to arrest and hold such person in custody as law enforcement officers of this state have to arrest and hold a person in custody.

          (3) If an arrest is made in this state by a law enforcement officer of another state in accordance with the provisions of this section he shall without unnecessary delay take the person arrested before a magistrate of the county in which the arrest is made. Such magistrate shall conduct a hearing for the purpose of determining the lawfulness of the arrest. If the magistrate determines that the arrest was lawful, he shall commit the person arrested to await for a reasonable time the issuance of an extradition warrant by the governor of this state, or the waiver thereof, or shall permit such person to go at large upon giving an appearance bond, with or without surety. If the magistrate determines that the arrest was unlawful, he shall order the discharge of the person arrested.

History: L. 1970, ch. 129, § 22-2404; July 1.

22-2405. Method of arrest.

          (1) An arrest is made by an actual restraint of the person arrested or by his submission to custody.

          (2) An arrest may be made on any day and at any time of the day or night.

          (3) All necessary and reasonable force may be used to effect an entry upon any building or property or part thereof to make an authorized arrest.

History: L. 1970, ch. 129, § 22-2405; July 1.

22-2406. Release by officer of person arrested.

          A law enforcement officer having custody of a person arrested without a warrant is authorized to release the person without requiring him to appear before a court when the officer is satisfied that there are no grounds for criminal complaint against the person arrested.

History: L. 1970, ch. 129, § 22-2406; July 1.

22-2407. Assisting law enforcement officer.

          (1) A law enforcement officer making an arrest may command the assistance of any person who may be in the vicinity.

          (2) A person commanded to assist a law enforcement officer shall have the same authority to arrest as the officer who commands his assistance.

          (3) A person commanded to assist a law enforcement officer in making an arrest shall not be civilly or criminally liable for any reasonable conduct in aid of the officer or any acts expressly directed by the officer.

History: L. 1970, ch. 129, § 22-2407; July 1.

22-2408. Notice to appear.

          (1) Except as otherwise provided in subsection (6) of this section, whenever a law enforcement officer detains any person without a warrant, for any act punishable as a misdemeanor, and such person is not immediately taken before a magistrate for further proceedings, the officer may serve upon such person a written notice to appear in court. Such notice to appear shall contain the name and address of the person detained, the crime charged, and the time and place when and where such person shall appear in court.

          (2) The time specified in such notice to appear must be at least seven days after such notice is given unless the person shall demand an earlier hearing.

          (3) The place specified in such notice to appear must be before some court within the county in which the crime is alleged to have been committed which has jurisdiction of such crime.

          (4) The person detained, in order to secure release as provided in this section, must give his or her written promise to appear in the court by signing the written notice prepared by the officer. The original of the notice shall be retained by the officer; a copy delivered to the person detained, and the officer shall forthwith release the person.

          (5) Such law enforcement officer shall cause to be filed, without unnecessary delay, a complaint in the court in which a person released under subsection (4) is given notice to appear, charging the crime stated in said notice. If the person released fails to appear as required in the notice to appear, a warrant shall be issued for his or her arrest.

          (6) The procedures prescribed by this section shall not apply to the detention or arrest of any person for the violation of any law regulating traffic on the highways of this state, and the provisions of K.S.A. 8-2104 through 8-2108, and amendments thereto, and the code of procedure for municipal courts shall govern such procedures.

History: L. 1970, ch. 129, § 22-2408; L. 1974, ch. 149, § 1; L. 1975, ch. 33, § 6; L. 2010, ch. 135, § 13, July 1.

22-2409. Crimes committed by corporations.

          (1) Upon the filing of a complaint, indictment or information charging a corporation with commission of a crime in a court having jurisdiction to try the offense charged, such court shall issue a summons setting forth the nature of the offense and commanding the corporation to appear before such court at a certain time and place for arraignment.

          (2) The summons for the appearance of a corporation may be served in the manner provided for service of summons upon a corporation in a civil action.

          (3) If, after being summoned, the corporation does not appear, the court shall proceed to trial and judgment without further process.

History: L. 1970, ch. 129, § 22-2409; July 1.

22-2410. Expungement of arrest records; disclosure limited upon filing of petition.

          (a) (1) Any person who has been arrested in this state may petition the district court for the expungement of such arrest record.

          (2) (A) If a person has been arrested in this state as a result of mistaken identity or as a result of another person using the identifying information of the named person, and the charge against the named person is dismissed or not prosecuted, the prosecuting attorney or other judicial officer who ordered the dismissal or declined to prosecute shall provide notice to the court of such action and petition the district court for the expungement of such arrest record, and the court shall order the arrest record and subsequent court proceedings, if any, expunged and purged from all applicable state and federal systems pursuant to subsection (d).

          (B) For purposes of this section, the term ‘‘mistaken identity’’ means the erroneous arrest of a person for a crime as a result of misidentification by a witness or law enforcement, confusion on the part of a witness or law enforcement as to the identity of the person who committed the crime, misinformation provided to law enforcement as to the identity of the person who committed the crime or some other mistake on the part of a witness or law enforcement as to the identity of the person who committed the crime. ‘‘Mistaken identity’’ shall not include any situation in which an arrestee intentionally provides false information to law enforcement officials in an attempt to conceal such person’s identity.

          (b) (1) When a petition for expungement is filed pursuant to subsection (a)(1), the court shall set a date for hearing on such petition and shall cause notice of such hearing to be given to the prosecuting attorney and the arresting law enforcement agency. Any person who may have relevant information about the petitioner may testify at the hearing. The court may inquire into the background of the petitioner.

          (2) When a petition for expungement is filed pursuant to subsection (a)(1) or (a)(2), the official court file shall be separated from the other records of the court, and shall be disclosed only to a judge of the court and members of the staff of the court designated by a judge of the district court, the prosecuting attorney, the arresting law enforcement agency, or any other person when authorized by a court order, subject to any conditions imposed by the order.

          (3)(A) Except as otherwise provided by law, a petition for expungement pursuant to subsection (a)(1) shall be accompanied by a docket fee in the amount of $176. Except as provided further, the docket fee established in this section shall be the only fee collected or moneys in the nature of a fee collected for the docket fee. Such fee shall only be established by an act of the legislature and no other authority is established by law or otherwise to collect a fee. On and after July 1, 2017, through June 30, 2019, the supreme court may impose an additional charge, not to exceed $19 per docket fee, to fund the costs of non-judicial personnel.

          (B) No surcharge or fee shall be imposed to any person filing a petition pursuant to subsection (a)(1), who was arrested as a result of being a victim of identity theft under K.S.A. 21-4018, prior to its repeal or K.S.A. 21-6107(a), and amendments thereto or who has had criminal charges dismissed because a court has found that there was no probable cause for the arrest, the petitioner was found not guilty in court proceedings or the charges have been dismissed.

          (4) The petition filed pursuant to subsection (a)(1) or (a)(2) shall state:

          (A) The petitioner’s full name;

          (B) the full name of the petitioner at the time of arrest, if different than the petitioner’s current name;

          (C) the petitioner’s sex, race and date of birth;

          (D) the crime for which the petitioner was arrested;

          (E) the date of the petitioner’s arrest; and

          (F) the identity of the arresting law enforcement agency.

          (c) At the hearing on a petition for expungement pursuant to subsection (a)(1), the court shall order the arrest record and subsequent court proceedings, if any, expunged upon finding:

          (1) The arrest occurred because of mistaken identity;

          (2) a court has found that there was no probable cause for the arrest;

          (3) the petitioner was found not guilty in court proceedings; or

          (4) the expungement would be in the best interests of justice and (A) Charges have been dismissed; or (B) no charges have been or are likely to be filed.

          (d) (1) When the court has ordered expungement of an arrest record and subsequent court proceedings, if any, on a petition for expungement

pursuant to subsection (a)(1), the order shall state the information required to be stated in the petition and shall state the grounds for expungement under subsection (c). The clerk of the court shall send a certified copy of the order to the Kansas bureau of investigation which shall notify the federal bureau of investigation, the secretary of corrections and any other criminal justice agency which may have a record of the arrest. If the case was appealed from municipal court, the clerk of the district court shall send a certified copy of the order of expungement to the municipal court. The municipal court shall order the case expunged once the certified copy of the order of expungement is received. If an order of expungement is entered, the petitioner pursuant to subsection (a)(1) shall be treated as not having been arrested.

          (2) When the court has ordered expungement of arrest records on a petition for expungement pursuant to subsection (a)(2), the order shall state the information required to be stated in the petition and shall state the grounds for expungement under subsection (a)(2). The order shall also direct the Kansas bureau of investigation to purge the arrest information from the criminal justice information system central repository and all applicable state and federal databases. The clerk of the court shall send a certified copy of the order to the Kansas bureau of investigation, which shall carry out the order and shall notify the federal bureau of investigation, the secretary of corrections and any other criminal justice agency that may have a record of the arrest. If an order of expungement is entered, the person eligible for mandatory expungement pursuant to subsection (a)(2) shall be treated as not having been arrested.

          (e) If the ground for expungement is as provided in subsection (c)(4), the court shall determine whether, in the interests of public welfare, the records should be available for any of the following purposes: (1) In any application for employment as a detective with a private detective agency, as defined in K.S.A. 75-7b01 and amendments thereto; as security personnel with a private patrol operator, as defined by K.S.A. 75-7b01 and amendments thereto; or with an institution, as defined in K.S.A. 76-12a01 and amendments thereto, of the Kansas department for aging and disability services;

          (2) in any application for admission, or for an order of reinstatement, to the practice of law in this state;

          (3) to aid in determining the petitioner's qualifications for employment with the Kansas lottery or for work in sensitive areas within the Kansas lottery as deemed appropriate by the executive director of the Kansas lottery;

          (4) to aid in determining the petitioner's qualifications for executive director of the Kansas racing commission, for employment with the commission or for work in sensitive areas in parimutuel racing as deemed appropriate by the executive director of the commission, or to aid in determining qualifications for licensure or renewal of licensure by the commission;

          (5) in any application for a commercial driver's license under K.S.A. 8-2,125 through 8-2,142 and amendments thereto;

          (6) to aid in determining the petitioner's qualifications to be an employee of the state gaming agency;

          (7) to aid in determining the petitioner's qualifications to be an employee of a tribal gaming commission or to hold a license issued pursuant to a tribal-state gaming compact; or

          (8) in any other circumstances which the court deems appropriate.

          (f) The court shall make all expunged records and related information in such court’s possession, created prior to, on and after July 1, 2011, available to the Kansas bureau of investigation for the purposes of:

          (1) Completing a person’s criminal history record information within the central repository in accordance with K.S.A. 22-4701 et seq., and amendments thereto; or

          (2) providing information or documentation to the federal bureau of investigation, in connection with the national instant criminal background check system, to determine a person’s qualification to possess a firearm.

          (g) Subject to any disclosures required under subsection (e), in any application for employment, license or other civil right or privilege, or any appearance as a witness, a person whose arrest records have been expunged as provided in this section may state that such person has never been arrested.

          (h) Whenever a person's arrest records have been expunged as provided in this section, the custodian of the records of arrest, incarceration due to arrest or court proceedings related to the arrest, shall not disclose the arrest or any information related to the arrest, except as directed by the order of expungement or when requested by the person whose arrest record was expunged.

          (i) The docket fee collected at the time the petition for expungement is filed pursuant to subsection (a)(1) shall be disbursed in accordance with K.S.A. 20-362, and amendments thereto.

History: L. 1998, ch. 131, § 3; L. 2001, ch. 69, § 2; L. 2006, ch. 149, § 8; L. 2006, ch. 195, § 12; L. 2009, ch. 116, § 12; L. 2010, ch. 62, § 4, L. 2011, ch. 30, § 114, L. 2011, ch. 91, § 12, L. 2011, ch. 100, § 4; L. 2011, ch. 87, § 4, L. 2012, ch. 66, § 4; L. 2013, ch. 125, § 4; L. 2014, ch. 82, § 24; L. 2014, ch. 115, § 26; L. 2015, ch. 81, § 10; L. 2016, ch. 93, § 14; L. 2017, ch. 80, § 6; L. 2017, ch. 62, § 8; L. 2017, ch. 100, § 9; July 1.

22-2411. Arrest powers of federal law enforcement officers; sunset.

          (a) A federal law enforcement officer who enters this state may arrest a person, without a warrant, when in the judgment of the federal law enforcement officer a person:

          (1) Asserts physical force or uses forcible compulsion likely to cause death or great bodily harm to any person; or

          (2) is committing an inherently dangerous felony as defined in K.S.A. 21-5402, and amendments thereto.

          (b) To provide assistance to law enforcement officers, a federal law enforcement officer shall have the same authority as a law enforcement officer where:

          (1) The federal law enforcement officer is rendering assistance at the request of any law enforcement officer; or

          (2) the federal law enforcement officer is effecting an arrest or providing assistance as part of a bona fide task force or joint investigation in which law enforcement officers are participating.

          (c) Any lawful actions pursuant to this section shall be deemed to be within the scope of the federal law enforcement officer's employment.

          (d) As used in this section:

          (1) "Federal law enforcement officer" means a person employed by the United States government and assigned to the federal bureau of investigation who is empowered to effect an arrest with or without a warrant for violation of the United States code and who is authorized to carry a firearm in the performance of the person's official duties as a federal law enforcement officer.

          (2) "Law enforcement officer" has the meaning ascribed thereto in K.S.A. 21-5111, and amendments thereto.

          (e) This section shall be a part of and supplemental to the Kansas code of criminal procedure.

History: L. 2004, ch. 139, § 6; L. 2007, ch. 198, § 6; L. 2011, ch. 30, § 115, July 1.