K.S.A. Chapter 21 Article 54

CRIMES AGAINST PERSONS

Current through end of 2016 legislative session

21-5401        Capital murder.

21-5402        Murder in the first degree.

21-5403        Murder in the second degree.

21-5404        Voluntary manslaughter.

21-5405        Involuntary manslaughter.

21-5406        Vehicular homicide.

21-5407        Assisting suicide.

21-5408        Kidnapping; aggravated kidnapping.

21-5409        Interference with parental custody; aggravated interference with parental custody.

21-5410        Interference with custody of a committed person.

21-5411        Criminal restraint.

21-5412        Assault; aggravated assault; assault of a law enforcement officer; aggravated assault of a law enforcement officer.

21-5413        Battery; aggravated battery; battery of a law enforcement officer; aggravated battery of a law enforcement officer; battery against a school employee; battery against a mental health employee.

21-5414        Domestic Battery.

21-5415        Criminal threat; aggravated criminal threat.

21-5416        Mistreatment of a confined person.

21-5417        Mistreatment of a dependent adult.

21-5418        Hazing.

21-5419        Application of certain crimes to an unborn child [Alexa's Law].

21-5420        Robbery; aggravated robbery.

21-5421        Terrorism.

21-5422        Illegal use of weapons of mass distruction.

21-5423        Furtherance of terrorism or illegal use of weapons of mass destruction.

21-5424        Exposing another to a life threatening communicable disease.

21-5425        Unlawful administration of a substance.

21-5426        Human trafficking; aggravated human trafficking.

21-5427        Stalking.

21-5428        Blackmail.

21-5429        Endangerment.

21-5430        Distribution of a controlled substance causing death or great bodily harm.

21-5431        Female Genital Mutilation.

21-5401. Capital murder.

          (a) Capital murder is the:

          (1) Intentional and premeditated killing of any person in the commission of kidnapping, as defined in K.S.A. 21-3420 and amendments thereto, or aggravated kidnapping, as defined in K.S.A. 21-3421 and amendments thereto, when the kidnapping or aggravated kidnapping was committed with the intent to hold such person for ransom;

          (2) intentional and premeditated killing of any person pursuant to a contract or agreement to kill such person or being a party to the contract or agreement pursuant to which such person is killed;

          (3) intentional and premeditated killing of any person by an inmate or prisoner confined in a state correctional institution, community correctional institution or jail or while in the custody of an officer or employee of a state correctional institution, community correctional institution or jail;

          (4) intentional and premeditated killing of the victim of one of the following crimes in the commission of, or subsequent to, such crime: Rape, as defined in K.S.A. 21-3502 and amendments thereto, criminal sodomy, as defined in subsections (a)(2) or (a)(3) of K.S.A. 21-3505 and amendments thereto or aggravated criminal sodomy, as defined in K.S.A. 21-3506 and amendments thereto, or any attempt thereof, as defined in K.S.A. 21-3301 and amendments thereto;

          (5) intentional and premeditated killing of a law enforcement officer, as defined in K.S.A. 21-3110 and amendments thereto;

          (6) intentional and premeditated killing of more than one person as a part of the same act or transaction or in two or more acts or transactions connected together or constituting parts of a common scheme or course of conduct; or

          (7) intentional and premeditated killing of a child under the age of 14 in the commission of kidnapping, as defined in K.S.A. 21-3420 and amendments thereto, or aggravated kidnapping, as defined in K.S.A. 21-3421 and amendments thereto, when the kidnapping or aggravated kidnapping was committed with intent to commit a sex offense upon or with the child or with intent that the child commit or submit to a sex offense.

          (b) For purposes of this section, 'sex offense' means rape, as defined in K.S.A. 21-3502 and amendments thereto, aggravated indecent liberties with a child, as defined in K.S.A. 21-3504 and amendments thereto, aggravated criminal sodomy, as defined in K.S.A. 21-3506 and amendments thereto, selling sexual relations, as defined in K.S.A. 21-3512 and amendments thereto, promoting the sale of sexual relations, as defined in K.S.A. 2012 Supp. 21-6420, and amendments thereto, commercial sexual exploitation of a child, as defined in K.S.A. 2013 Supp. 21-6422, and amendments thereto, or sexual exploitation of a child, as defined in K.S.A. 2012 Supp. 21-5510, and amendments thereto.

          (c) Capital murder or attempt to commit capital murder is an off-grid person felony.

          (d) The provisions of subsection (c) of K.S.A. 2013 Supp. 21-5301, and amendments thereto, shall not apply to a violation of attempting to commit the crime of capital murder pursuant to this section.

History: L. 1994, ch. 252, § 1; L. 2010, ch. 136, § 36; L. 2013, ch. 120, § 14; L. 2014, ch. 114, § 2; July 1.

21-5402. Murder in the first degree.

          (a) Murder in the first degree is the killing of a human being committed:

          (1) Intentionally, and with premeditation; or

          (2) in the commission of, attempt to commit, or flight from any inherently dangerous felony.

          (b) Murder in the first degree is an off-grid person felony.

          (c) As used in this section, an "inherently dangerous felony" means:

          (1) Any of the following felonies, whether such felony is so distinct from the homicide alleged to be a violation of subsection (a)(2) as not to be an ingredient of the homicide alleged to be a violation of subsection (a)(2):

          (A) Kidnapping, as defined in subsection (a) of K.S.A. 21-5408, and amendments thereto;

          (B) aggravated kidnapping, as defined in subsection (b) of K.S.A. 21-5408, and amendments thereto;

          (C) robbery, as defined in subsection (a) of K.S.A. 21-5420, and amendments thereto;

          (D) aggravated robbery, as defined in subsection (b) of K.S.A. 21-5420 and amendments thereto;

          (E) rape, as defined in K.S.A. 21-5503, and amendments thereto;

          (F) aggravated criminal sodomy, as defined in subsection (b) of 21-5504, and amendments thereto;

          (G) abuse of a child, as defined in K.S.A. 21-5602, and amendments thereto;

          (H) felony theft of property as defined in subsection (a)(1) or (a)(3) of 21-5801, and amendments thereto;

          (I) burglary, as defined in subsection (a) of K.S.A. 21-5807, and amendments thereto;

          (J) aggravated burglary, as defined in subsection (b) of K.S.A. 21-5807, and amendments thereto;

          (K) arson, as defined in subsection (a) of K.S.A. 21-5812, and amendments thereto;

          (L) aggravated arson, as defined in subsection (b) of K.S.A. 21-5812, and amendments thereto;

          (M) treason, as defined in K.S.A. 21-5901, and amendments thereto;

          (N) any felony offense as provided in K.S.A. 2009 Supp. 21-36a03, 21-36a05 or 21-36a06, and amendments thereto;

          (O) any felony offense as provided in subsection (a) or (b) of K.S.A. 21-6308, and amendments thereto;

          (P) endangering the food supply, as defined in subsection (a) of K.S.A. 21-6317, and amendments thereto;

          (Q) aggravated endangering the food supply, as defined in subsection (b) of K.S.A. 21-6317, and amendments thereto;

          (R) fleeing or attempting to elude a police officer, as defined in subsection (b) of K.S.A. 8-1568, and amendments thereto;

          (S) aggravated endangering a child, as defined in subsection (b)(1) of K.S.A. 21-5601, and amendments thereto;

          (T) abandonment of a child, as defined in subsection (a) of K.S.A. 2011 Supp. 21-5605, and amendments thereto; or

          (U) aggravated abandonment of a child, as defined in subsection (b) of K.S.A. 2011 Supp. 21-5605, and amendments thereto; and

          (2) any of the following felonies, only when such felony is so distinct from the homicide alleged to be a violation of subsection (a)(2) as to not be an ingredient of the homicide alleged to be a violation of subsection (a)(2):

          (A) Murder in the first degree, as defined in K.S.A. 21-5402;

          (B) murder in the second degree, as defined in K.S.A. 21-5403, and amendments thereto;

          (C) voluntary manslaughter, as defined in subsection (a)(1) of K.S.A. 21-5404, and amendments thereto;

          (D) aggravated assault, as defined in subsection (b) of K.S.A. 21-5412, and amendments thereto;

          (E) aggravated assault of a law enforcement officer, as defined in subsection (d) of K.S.A. 21-5412, and amendments thereto;

          (F) aggravated battery, as defined in subsection (b)(1) of K.S.A. 21-5413, and amendments thereto; or

          (G) aggravated battery against a law enforcement officer, as defined in subsection (d) of K.S.A. 21-5413, and amendments thereto.

          (d) Murder in the first degree as defined in subsection (a)(2) is an alternative method of proving murder in the first degree and is not a separate crime from murder in the first degree as defined in subsection (a)(1). The provisions of K.S.A. 21-5109, and amendments thereto, are not applicable to murder in the first degree as defined in subsection (a)(2). Murder in the first degree as defined in subsection (a)(2) is not a lesser included offense of murder in the first degree as defined in subsection (a)(1), and is not a lesser included offense of capital murder as defined in K.S.A. 21-5401, and amendments thereto. As set forth in subsection (b) of K.S.A. 21-5109, and amendments thereto, there are no lesser included offenses of murder in the first degree under subsection (a)(2).

          (e) The amendments to this section by this act establish a procedural rule for the conduct of criminal prosecutions and shall be construed and applied retroactively to all cases currently pending.


History: L. 1969, ch. 180, § 21-3401; L. 1972, ch. 112, § 1; L. 1989, ch. 87, § 1; L. 1990, ch. 100, § 2; L. 1991, ch. 85, § 4; L. 1992, ch. 298, § 3; L. 1993, ch. 291, § 18; L. 2010, ch. 136, § 37; L. 2012, ch. 150, § 4; L. 2013, ch. 96, § 2; July 1.

21-5403. Murder in the second degree.

          Murder in the second degree is the killing of a human being committed:

          (a) Intentionally; or

          (b) unintentionally but recklessly under circumstances manifesting extreme indifference to the value of human life.

          Murder in the second degree as described in subsection (a) is a severity level 1, person felony. Murder in the second degree as described in subsection (b) is a severity level 2, person felony.

History: L. 1969, ch. 180, § 21-3402; L. 1992, ch. 298, § 4; L. 1993, ch. 291, § 19; L. 1996, ch. 158, § 6; L. 1999, ch. 164, § 5; L. 2010, ch. 136, § 38; July 1, 2011.

21-5404. Voluntary manslaughter.

          Voluntary manslaughter is the intentional killing of a human being committed:

          (a) Upon a sudden quarrel or in the heat of passion; or

          (b) upon an unreasonable but honest belief that circumstances existed that justified use of deadly force under K.S.A. 21-522, 21-5223 or 21-5225, and amendments thereto.

          Voluntary manslaughter is a severity level 3, person felony.

History: L. 1969, ch. 180, § 21-3403; L. 1992, ch. 298, § 5; L. 1993, ch. 291, § 20; L. 2010, ch. 136, § 39; L. 2011, ch. 30, § 16, July 1.

21-5405. Involuntary manslaughter.

           (a) Involuntary manslaughter is the killing of a human being committed:

          (1) Recklessly;

          (2) in the commission of, or attempt to commit, or flight from any felony, other than an inherently dangerous felony as defined in K.S.A. 21-5402, and amendments thereto, that is enacted for the protection of human life or safety or a misdemeanor that is enacted for the protection of human life or safety, including acts described in K.S.A. 8-1566 and subsection (a) of 8-1568, and amendments thereto, but excluding the acts described in K.S.A. 8-1567, and amendments thereto;

          (3) in the commission of, or attempt to commit, or flight from an act described in K.S.A. 8-1567, and amendments thereto; or

          (4) during the commission of a lawful act in an unlawful manner.

          (b) Involuntary manslaughter as defined in:

          (1) Subsection (a)(1), (a)(2) or (a)(4) is a severity level 5, person felony; and

          (2) subsection (a)(3) is a severity level 4, person felony.

History: L. 1969, ch. 180, § 21-3404; L. 1979, ch. 90, § 3; L. 1982, ch. 132, § 2; L. 1992, ch. 298, § 6; L. 1993, ch. 291, § 21; L. 1996, ch. 158, § 2; L. 2005, ch. 59, § 1; L. 2010, ch. 136, § 40; July 1, 2011.

21-5406. Vehicular homicide.

          Vehicular homicide is the unintentional killing of a human being committed by the operation of an automobile, airplane, motor boat or other motor vehicle in a manner which creates an unreasonable risk of injury to the person or property of another and which constitutes a material deviation from the standard of care which a reasonable person would observe under the same circumstances.

          Vehicular homicide is a class A person misdemeanor.

History: L. 1969, ch. 180, § 21-3405; L. 1972, ch. 113, § 1; L. 1992, ch. 298, § 7; L. 1993, ch. 291, § 22; L. 2010, ch. 136, § 41; July 1, 2011.

21-5407. Assisting suicide.

          (a) Assisting suicide is:

          (1) Knowingly by force or duress causing another person to commit or to attempt to commit suicide; or

          (2) with the intent and purpose of assisting another person to commit or to attempt to commit suicide, knowingly either:

          (A) Providing the physical means by which another person commits or attempts to commit suicide; or

          (B) participating in a physical act by which another person commits or attempts to commit suicide.

          (b) Assisting suicide under subsection (1) is a severity level 3, person felony. Assisting suicide under subsection (2) is a severity level 9, person felony.

History: L. 1969, ch. 180, § 21-3406; L. 1992, ch. 298, § 8; L. 1993, ch. 291, § 23; L. 1998, ch. 142, § 3; L. 2010, ch. 136, § 42; July 1, 2011.

21-5408. Kidnapping; aggravated kidnapping.

          (a) Kidnapping is the taking or confining of any person, accomplished by force, threat or deception, with the intent to hold such person:

          (1) For ransom, or as a shield or hostage;

          (2) to facilitate flight or the commission of any crime;

          (3) to inflict bodily injury or to terrorize the victim or another; or

          (4) to interfere with the performance of any governmental or political function.

          (b) Aggravated kidnapping is kidnapping, as defined in subsection (a), when bodily harm is inflicted upon the person kidnapped.

          (c) (1) Kidnapping is a severity level 3, person felony.

          (2) Aggravated kidnapping is a severity level l, person felony.

History: L. 1969, ch. 180, § 21-3420; L. 1992, ch. 239, § 58; L. 1993, ch. 291, § 33; L. 2010, ch. 136, § 43; July 1, 2011.

21-5409. Interference with parental custody; aggravated interference with parental custody.

          (a) Interference with parental custody is taking or enticing away any child under the age of 16 years with the intent to detain or conceal such child from the child’s parent, guardian or other person having the lawful charge of such child.

          (b) Aggravated interference with parental custody is:

          (1) Hiring someone to commit the crime of interference with parental custody, as defined in subsection (a); or

          (2) the commission of interference with parental custody, as defined in subsection (a), by a person who:

          (A) Has previously been convicted of the crime;

          (B) commits the crime for hire;

          (C) takes the child outside the state without the consent of either the person having custody or the court;

          (D) after lawfully taking the child outside the state while exercising visitation rights or parenting time, refuses to return the child at the expiration of that time;

          (E) at the expiration of the exercise of any visitation rights or parenting time outside the state, refuses to return or impedes the return of the child; or

          (F) detains or conceals the child in an unknown place, whether inside or outside the state.

          (c) (1) Interference with parental custody is a:

          (A) Severity level 10, person felony, except as provided in subsection (c)(1)(B); and

          (B) class A person misdemeanor, if the defendant is a parent entitled to joint custody of the child either on the basis of a court order or by virtue of the absence of a court order.

          (2) Aggravated interference with parental custody is a severity level 7, person felony.

          (d) It is not a defense to a prosecution under subsection (a) that the defendant is a parent entitled to joint custody of the child either on the basis of a court order or by virtue of the absence of a court order.

History: L. 1969, ch. 180, § 21-3422; L. 1986, ch. 119, § 1; L. 1992, ch. 239, § 60; L. 1993, ch. 291, § 35; L. 1994, ch. 291, § 24; L. 2010, ch. 136, § 44; July 1, 2011.

21-5410. Interference with custody of a committed person.

          Interference with custody of a committed person is knowingly taking or enticing any committed person away from the control of such person's lawful custodian without privilege to do so. A committed person is any person committed other than by criminal process to any institution or other custodian by any court or other officer or agency authorized by law to make such commitment.

          Interference with custody of a committed person is a class A nonperson misdemeanor.

History: L. 1969, ch. 180, § 21-3423; L. 1992, ch. 239, § 62; L. 1993, ch. 291, § 37; L. 2010, ch. 136, § 45; July 1, 2011.

21-5411. Criminal restraint.

          (a) Criminal restraint is knowingly and without legal authority restraining another person so as to interfere substantially with such person’s liberty.

          (b) Criminal restraint is a class A person misdemeanor.

          (c) This section shall not apply to acts done in the performance of duty by any law enforcement officer of the state of Kansas or any political subdivision thereof.

          (d) Any merchant, or a merchant’s agent or employee, who has probable cause to believe that a person has actual possession of and has wrong-fully taken, or is about to wrongfully take merchandise from a mercantile establishment, may detain such person on the premises or in the immediate vicinity thereof, in a reasonable manner and for a reasonable period of time for the purpose of investigating the circumstances of such possession. Such reasonable detention shall not constitute an arrest nor criminal restraint.

History: L. 1969, ch. 180, § 21-3424; L. 1992, ch. 298, § 15; L. 1993, ch. 291, § 38; L. 2010, ch. 136, § 46; July 1, 2011.

21-5412. Assault; aggravated assault; assault of a law enforcement officer; aggravated assault of a law enforcement officer.

          (a) Assault is knowingly placing another person in reasonable apprehension of immediate bodily harm;

          (b) Aggravated assault is assault, as defined in subsection (a), committed:

          (1) With a deadly weapon;

          (2) while disguised in any manner designed to conceal identity; or

          (3) with intent to commit any felony.

          (c) Assault of a law enforcement officer is assault, as defined in subsection (a), committed against:

          (1) A uniformed or properly identified state, county or city law enforcement officer while such officer is engaged in the performance of such officer’s duty; or

          (2) a uniformed or properly identified university or campus police officer while such officer is engaged in the performance of such officer’s duty.

          (d) Aggravated assault of a law enforcement officer is assault of a law enforcement officer, as defined in subsection (c), committed:

          (1) With a deadly weapon;

          (2) while disguised in any manner designed to conceal identity; or

          (3) with intent to commit any felony.

          (e) (1) Assault is a class C person misdemeanor.

          (2) Aggravated assault is a severity level 7, person felony.

          (3) Assault of a law enforcement officer is a class A person misde-

meanor.

          (4) Aggravated assault of a law enforcement officer is a severity level 6, person felony. A person convicted of aggravated assault of a law enforcement officer shall be subject to the provisions of subsection (g) of K.S.A. 21-6804, and amendments thereto.

History: L. 1969, ch. 180, § 21-3408; L. 1992, ch. 298, § 9; L. 1994, ch. 291, § 22; L. 2010, ch. 136, § 47; L. 2011, ch. 30, § 18, July 1.

21-5413. Battery; aggravated battery; battery of a law enforcement officer; aggravated battery of a law enforcement officer; battery against a school employee; battery against a mental health employee.

          (a) Battery is:

          (1) Knowingly or recklessly causing bodily harm to another person; or

          (2) knowingly causing physical contact with another person when done in a rude, insulting or angry manner;

          (b) Aggravated battery is:

          (1) (A) Knowingly causing great bodily harm to another person or disfigurement of another person;

          (B) knowingly causing bodily harm to another person with a deadly weapon, or in any manner whereby great bodily harm, disfigurement or death can be inflicted; or

          (C) knowingly causing physical contact with another person when done in a rude, insulting or angry manner with a deadly weapon, or in any manner whereby great bodily harm, disfigurement or death can be inflicted;

          (2) (A) recklessly causing great bodily harm to another person or disfigurement of another person; or

          (B) recklessly causing bodily harm to another person with a deadly weapon, or in any manner whereby great bodily harm, disfigurement or death can be inflicted.

          (3) (A) committing an act described in K.S.A. 8-1567, and amendments thereto, when great bodily harm to another person or disfigurement of another person results from such act; or

          (B) committing an act described in K.S.A. 8-1567, and amendments thereto, when bodily harm to another person results from such act under circumstances whereby great bodily harm, disfigurement or death can result from such act.

          (c) Battery against a law enforcement officer is:

          (1) Battery, as defined in subsection (a)(2), committed against a:

          (A) Uniformed or properly identified university or campus police officer while such officer is engaged in the performance of such officer’s duty;

          (B) uniformed or properly identified state, county or city law enforcement officer, other than a state correctional officer or employee, a city or county correctional officer or employee, or a juvenile detention facility officer, or employee, while such officer is engaged in the performance of such officer’s duty;

          (C) judge, while such judge is engaged in the performance of such judge’s duty;

          (D) attorney, while such attorney is engaged in the performance of such attorney’s duty; or

          (E) community corrections officer or court services officer, while such officer is engaged in the performance of such officer’s duty;

          (2) battery, as defined in subsection (a)(1), committed against a:

          (A) Uniformed or properly identified university or campus police officer while such officer is engaged in the performance of such officer’s duty; or

          (B) uniformed or properly identified state, county or city law enforcement officer, other than a state correctional officer or employee, a city or county correctional officer or employee, a juvenile detention facility office, or employee, while such officer is engaged in the performance of such officer’s duty;

          (C) judge, while such judge is engaged in the performance of such judge’s duty;

          (D) attorney, while such attorney is engaged in the performance of such attorney’s duty; or

          (E) community corrections officer or court services officer, while such officer is engaged in the performance of such officer’s duty;

          (3) battery, as defined in subsection (a) committed against a:

          (A) State correctional officer or employee by a person in custody of the secretary of corrections, while such officer or employee is engaged in the performance of such officer’s or employee’s duty;

          (B) state correctional officer or employee by a person confined in such juvenile correctional facility, while such officer or employee is engaged in the performance of such officer’s or employee’s duty;

          (C) juvenile detention facility officer or employee by a person confined in such juvenile detention facility, while such officer or employee is engaged in the performance of such officer’s or employee’s duty; or

          (D) city or county correctional officer or employee by a person confined in a city holding facility or county jail facility, while such officer or employee is engaged in the performance of such officer’s or employee’s duty.

          (d) Aggravated battery against a law enforcement officer is:

          (1) An aggravated battery, as defined in subsection (b)(1)(A) committed against a:

          (A) Uniformed or properly identified state, county or city law enforcement officer while the officer is engaged in the performance of the officer’s duty;

          (B) uniformed or properly identified university or campus police officer while such officer is engaged in the performance of such officer’s duty;

          (C) judge, while such judge is engaged in the performance of such judge’s duty;

          (D) attorney, while such attorney is engaged in the performance of such attorney’s duty; or

          (E) community corrections officer or court services officer, while such officer is engaged in the performance of such officer’s duty;

          (2) an aggravated battery, as defined in subsection (b)(1)(B) or (b)(1)(C), committed against a:

          (A) Uniformed or properly identified state, county or city law enforcement officer while the officer is engaged in the performance of the officer’s duty;

          (B) uniformed or properly identified university or campus police officer while such officer is engaged in the performance of such officer’s duty;

          (C) judge, while such judge is engaged in the performance of such judge’s duty;

          (D) attorney, while such attorney is engaged in the performance of such attorney’s duty; or

          (E) community corrections officer or court services officer, while such officer is engaged in the performance of such officer’s duty; or

          (3) knowingly causing, with a motor vehicle, bodily harm to a:

          (A) Uniformed or properly identified state, county or city law enforcement officer while the officer is engaged in the performance of the officer’s duty; or

          (B) uniformed or properly identified university or campus police officer while such officer is engaged in the performance of such officer’s duty.

          (e) Battery against a school employee is a battery, as defined in subsection (a), committed against a school employee in or on any school property or grounds upon which is located a building or structure used by a unified school district or an accredited nonpublic school for student instruction or attendance or extracurricular activities of pupils enrolled in kindergarten or any of the grades one through 12 or at any regularly scheduled school sponsored activity or event, while such employee is engaged in the performance of such employee’s duty.

          (f) Battery against a mental health employee is a battery, as defined in subsection (a), committed against a mental health employee by a person in the custody of the secretary for aging and disability services, while such employee is engaged in the performance of such employee’s duty.

          (g) (1) Battery is a class B person misdemeanor.

          (2) Aggravated battery as defined in:

          (A) Subsection (b)(1)(A) is a severity level 4, person felony;

          (B) subsection (b)(1)(B) or (b)(1)(C) is a severity level 7, person felony;

          (C) subsection (b)(2)(A) or (b)(3)(A) is a severity level 5, person felony; and

          (D) subsection (b)(2)(B) or (b)(3)(B) is a severity level 8, person felony.

          (3) Battery against a law enforcement officer as defined in:

          (A) Subsection (c)(1) is a class A person misdemeanor;

          (B) subsection (c)(2) is a severity level 7, person felony; and

          (C) subsection (c)(3) is a severity level 5, person felony.

          (4) ggravated battery against a law enforcement officer as defined in:

          (A) Subsection (d)(1) or (d)(3) is a severity level 3, person felony; and

          (B) subsection (d)(2) is a severity level 4, person felony.

          (5) Battery against a school employee is a class A person misdemeanor.

          (6) Battery against a mental health employee is a severity level 7, person felony.

          (h) As used in this section:

          (1) "Correctional institution" means any institution or facility under the supervision and control of the secretary of corrections;

          (2) "state correctional officer or employee" means any officer or employee of the Kansas department of corrections or any independent contractor, or any employee of such contractor, whose duties include working at a correctional institution;

          (3) "juvenile detention facility officer or employee" means any officer or employee of a juvenile detention facility as defined in K.S.A. 2010 Supp. 38-2302, and amendments thereto;

          (4) "city or county correctional officer or employee" means any correctional officer or employee of the city or county or any independent contractor, or any employee of such contractor, working at a city holding facility or county jail facility;

          (5) "school employee" means any employee of a unified school district or an accredited nonpublic school for student instruction or attendance or extracurricular activities of pupils enrolled in kindergarten or any of the grades one through 12;

          (6) "mental health employee" means (A) an employee of the Kansas department for aging and disability services working at Larned state hospital, Osawatomie state hospital, Kansas neurological institute and Parsons state hospital and training center and the treatment staff as defined in K.S.A. 59-29a02, and amendments thereto, and (B) contractors and employees of contractors under contract to provide services to the Kansas department for aging and disability services working at any such institution or facility;

          (7) "judge" means a duly elected or appointed justice of the supreme court, judge of the court of appeals, judge of any district court of Kansas, district magistrate judge or municipal court judge;

          (8) "attorney" means a: (A) County attorney, assistant county attorney, special assistant county attorney, district attorney, assistant district attorney, special assistant district attorney, attorney general, assistant attorney general or special assistant attorney general; and (B) public defender, assistant public defender, contract counsel for the state board of indigents’ defense services or an attorney who is appointed by the court to perform services for an indigent person as provided by article 45 of chapter 22 of the Kansas Statutes Annotated, and amendments thereto;

          (9) "community corrections officer" means an employee of a community correctional services program responsible for supervision of adults or juveniles as assigned by the court to community corrections supervision and any other employee of a community correctional services program that provides enhanced supervision of offenders such as house arrest and surveillance programs; and

(10) "court services officer" means an employee of the Kansas judicial branch or local judicial district responsible for supervising, monitoring or writing reports relating to adults or juveniles as assigned by the court, or performing related duties as assigned by the court.

History: L. 1969, ch. 180, § 21-3412; L. 1992, ch. 298, § 11; L. 1993, ch. 291, § 27; L. 1996, ch. 211, § 4; L. 1996, ch. 258, § 13; L. 2001, ch. 177, § 6; L. 2010, ch. 136, § 48; L. 2011, ch. 30, § 19, L. 2013, ch. 122, § 8; L. 2014, ch. 115, § 20; L. 2015, ch. 90, § 1; July 1.

21-5414. Domestic Battery

          (a) Domestic battery is:

          (1) Knowingly or recklessly causing bodily harm by a family or household member against a family or household member; or

          (2) knowingly causing physical contact with a family or household member by a family or household member when done in a rude, insulting or angry manner.

          (b) Domestic battery is a:

          (1) Except as provided in subsection (b)(2) or (b)(3), a Class B person misdemeanor and the offender shall be sentenced to not less than 48 consecutive hours nor more than six months’ imprisonment and fined not less than $200, nor more than $500 or in the court’s discretion the court may enter an order which requires the offender to undergo a domestic violence offender assessment conducted by a certified batterer intervention program and follow all recommendations made by such program;

          (2) except as provided in subsection (b)(3), a class A person misdemeanor, if, within five years immediately preceding commission of the crime, an offender is convicted of domestic battery a second time and the offender shall be sentenced to not less than 90 days nor more than one year’s imprisonment and fined not less than $500 nor more than $1,000. The five days imprisonment mandated by this paragraph may be served in a work release program only after such offender has served 48 consecutive hours imprisonment, provided such work release program requires such offender to return to confinement at the end of each day in the work release program. The offender shall serve at least five consecutive days imprisonment before the offender is granted probation, suspension or reduction of sentence or parole or is otherwise released. As a condition of any grant of probation, suspension of sentence or parole or of any other release, the offender shall be required to undergo a domestic violence offender assessment conducted by a certified batterer intervention program and follow all recommendations made by such program, unless otherwise ordered by the court or department of corrections; and

          (3) a person felony, if, within five years immediately preceding commission of the crime, an offender is convicted of domestic battery a third or subsequent time, and the offender shall be sentenced to not less than 90 days nor more than one year’s imprisonment and fined not less than $1,000 nor more than $7,500. The offender convicted shall not be eligible for release on probation, suspension or reduction of sentence or parole until the offender has served at least 90 days imprisonment. As a condition of any grant of probation, suspension of sentence or parole or of any other release, the offender shall be required to undergo a domestic violence offender assessment conducted by a certified batterer intervention program and follow all recommendations made by such program, unless otherwise ordered by the court or department of corrections. If the offender does not undergo a domestic violence offender assessment conducted by a certified batterer intervention program and follow all recommendations made by such program, the offender shall serve not less than 180 days nor more than one year’s imprisonment. The 90 days imprisonment mandated by this paragraph may be served in a work release program only after such offender has served 48 consecutive hours imprisonment, provided such work release program requires such offender to return to confinement at the end of each day in the work release program.

          (c) As used in this section:

          (1) "Family or household member" means persons 18 years of age or older who are spouses, former spouses, parents or stepparents and children or stepchildren, and persons who are presently residing together or who have resided together in the past, and persons who have a child in common regardless of whether they have been married or who have lived together at any time. "Family or household member" also includes a man and woman if the woman is pregnant and the man is alleged to be the father, regardless of whether they have been married or have lived together at any time; and

          (2) for the purpose of determining whether a conviction is a first, second, third or subsequent conviction in sentencing under this section:

          (A) "Conviction" includes being convicted of a violation of K.S.A. 21-3412a, prior to its repeal, this section or entering into a diversion or deferred judgment agreement in lieu of further criminal proceedings on a complaint alleging a violation of this section;

          (B) "conviction" includes being convicted of a violation of a law of another state, or an ordinance of any city, or resolution of any county, which prohibits the acts that this section prohibits or entering into a diversion or deferred judgment agreement in lieu of further criminal proceedings in a case alleging a violation of such law, ordinance or resolution;

          (C) only convictions occurring in the immediately preceding five years including prior to July 1, 2011, shall be taken into account, but the court may consider other prior convictions in determining the sentence to be imposed within the limits provided for a first, second, third or subsequent offender, whichever is applicable; and

          (D) it is irrelevant whether an offense occurred before or after conviction for a previous offense.

          (d) A person may enter into a diversion agreement in lieu of further criminal proceedings for a violation of this section or an ordinance of any city or resolution of any county which prohibits the acts that this section prohibits only twice during any five-year period.

History: L. 2001, ch. 177, § 5; L. 2006, ch. 212, § 24; L. 2008, ch. 175, § 1; L. 2010, ch. 101, § 6; L. 2010, ch. 136, § 49; L. 2011, ch. 30, § 20, L. 2012, ch. 162, § 15; May 31.

21-5415. Criminal threat; aggravated criminal threat.

          (a) A criminal threat is any threat to:

          (1) Commit violence communicated with intent to place another in fear, or to cause the evacuation, lock down or disruption in regular, on-going activities of any building, place of assembly or facility of transportation, or in reckless disregard of the risk of causing such fear or evacuation, lock down or disruption in regular, ongoing activities;

          (2) adulterate or contaminate any food, raw agricultural commodity, beverage, drug, animal feed, plant or public water supply; or

          (3) expose any animal in this state to any contagious or infectious disease.

          (b) Aggravated criminal threat is the commission of a criminal threat, as defined in subsection (a), when a public, commercial or industrial building, place of assembly or facility of transportation is evacuated, locked down or disrupted as to regular, ongoing activities as a result of the threat.

          (c) (1) A criminal threat is a severity level 9, person felony.

          (2) Aggravated criminal threat is a severity level 5, person felony.

          (d) As used in this section, "threat" includes any statement that one has committed any action described by subsection (a).

History: L. 1969, ch. 180, § 21-3419; L. 1984, ch. 116, § 1; L. 1992, ch. 298, § 14; L. 1993, ch. 291, § 32; L. 2002, ch. 88, § 3; L. 2009, ch. 132, § 3; L. 2010, ch. 136, § 50; July 1, 2011.

21-5416. Mistreatment of a confined person.

          (a) Mistreatment of a confined person is knowingly abusing, neglecting or ill-treating any person, who is detained or confined by any law enforcement officer or by any person in charge of or employed by the owner or operator of any correctional institution.

          (b) Mistreatment of a confined person is a class A person misdemeanor.

History: L. 1969, ch. 180, § 21-3425; L. 1987, ch. 107, § 1; L. 1992, ch. 239, § 64; L. 1993, ch. 291, § 39; L. 2010, ch. 136, § 51; July 1, 2011.

21-5417. Mistreatment of a dependent adult.

          (a) Mistreatment of a dependent adult is knowingly committing one or more of the following acts:

          (1) Infliction of physical injury, unreasonable confinement or cruel punishment upon a dependent adult;

          (2) taking the personal property or financial resources of a dependent adult for the benefit of the defendant or another person by taking control, title, use or management of the personal property or financial resources of a dependent adult through:

          (A) Undue influence, coercion, harassment, duress, deception, false representation, false pretense or without adequate consideration to such dependent adult;

          (B) a violation of the Kansas power of attorney act, K.S.A. 58-650 et seq., and amendments thereto; or

          (C) a violation of the Kansas uniform trust code, K.S.A. 58a-101 et seq., and amendments thereto;

          (3) omission or deprivation of treatment, goods or services that are necessary to maintain physical or mental health of a dependent adult.

          (b) Mistreatment of an elder person is knowingly committing one or more of the following acts:

          (1) Taking the personal property or financial resources of an elder person for the benefit of the defendant or another person by taking control, title, use or management of the personal property or financial resources of an elder person through:

          (A) Undue influence, coercion, harassment, duress, deception, false representation, false pretense or without adequate consideration to such elder person;

          (B) a violation of the Kansas power of attorney act, K.S.A. 58-650 et seq., and amendments thereto; or

          (C) a violation of the Kansas uniform trust code, K.S.A. 58a-101 et seq., and amendments thereto; or

          (2) omission or deprivation of treatment, goods or services that are necessary to maintain physical or mental health of such elder person.

          (c) Mistreatment of a dependent adult as defined in:

          (1) Subsection (a)(1) is a severity level 6, person felony;

          (2) subsection (a)(2) if the aggregate amount of the value of the personal property or financial resources is;

          (A) $1,000,000 or more is a severity level 2, person felony;

          (B) at least $250,000 but less than $1,000,000 is a severity level 3, person felony;

          (C) at least $100,000 but less than $250,000 is a severity level 4, person felony;

          (D) at least $25,000 but less than $100,000 is a severity level 5, person felony;

          (E) at least $1,000 but less than $25,000 is a severity level 7, person felony;

          (F) less than $1,000 is a class A person misdemeanor, except as provided in subsection (c)(2)(G); and

          (G) less than $1,000 and committed by a person who has, within five years immediately preceding commission of the crime, been convicted of mistreatment of a dependent adult two or more times is a severity level 7, person felony; and

          (3) subsection (a)(3) is a severity level 8, person felony.

          (d) Mistreatment of an elder person as defined in:

          (1) Subsection (b)(1) if the aggregate amount of the value of the personal property or financial resources is:

          (A) $1,000,000 or more is a severity level 2, person felony;

          (B) at least $250,000 but less than $1,000,000 is a severity level 3, person felony;

          (C) at least $100,000 but less than $250,000 is a severity level 4, person felony;

          (D) at least $25,000 but less than $100,000 is a severity level 5, person felony;

          (E) at least $5,000 but less than $25,000 is a severity level 7, person felony;

          (F) less than $5,000 is a class A person misdemeanor, except as provided in subsection (d)(1)(G); and

          (G) less than $5,000 and committed by a person who has, within five years immediately preceding commission of the crime, been convicted of mistreatment of an elder person two or more times is a severity level 7, person felony; and

          (2) subsection (b)(2) is a severity level 8, person felony.

          (e) It shall be an affirmative defense to any prosecution for mistreatment of a dependent adult or mistreatment of an elder person as described in subsections (a)(2) and (b)(1) that:

          (1) The personal property or financial resources were given as a gift consistent with a pattern of gift giving to the person that existed before the dependent adult or elder person became vulnerable;

          (2) the personal property or financial resources were given as a gift consistent with a pattern of gift giving to a class of individuals that existed before the dependent adult or elder person became vulnerable;

          (3) the personal property or financial resources were conferred as a gift by the dependent adult or elder person to the benefit of a person or

class of persons, and such gift was reasonable under the circumstances;

or

(4) a court approved the transaction before the transaction occurred.

          (f) No dependent adult or elder person is considered to be mistreated under subsection (a)(1), (a)(3) or (b)(2) for the sole reason that such dependent adult or elder person relies upon or is being furnished treatment by spiritual means through prayer in lieu of medical treatment in accordance with the tenets and practices of a recognized church or religious denomination of which such dependent adult or elder person is a member or adherent.

          (g) As used in this section:

          (1) "Adequate consideration" means the personal property or financial resources were given to the person as payment for bona fide goods or services provided by such person and the payment was at a rate customary for similar goods or services in the community that the dependent adult or elder person resided in at the time of the transaction.

          (2) "Dependent adult" means an individual 18 years of age or older who is unable to protect the individual’s own interest. Such term shall include, but is not limited to, any:

          (A) Resident of an adult care home including, but not limited to, those facilities defined by K.S.A. 39-923, and amendments thereto;

          (B) adult cared for in a private residence;

          (C) individual kept, cared for, treated, boarded, confined or otherwise accommodated in a medical care facility;

          (D) individual with intellectual disability or a developmental disability receiving services through a community facility for people with intellectual disability or residential facility licensed under K.S.A. 75-3307b, and amendments thereto;

          (E) individual with a developmental disability receiving services provided by a community service provider as provided in the developmental disability reform act; or

          (F) individual kept, cared for, treated, boarded, confined or otherwise accommodated in a state psychiatric hospital or state institution

for people with intellectual disability.

          (3) "Elder person" means a person 70 years of age or older.

          (h) An offender who violates the provisions of this section may also be prosecuted for, convicted of, and punished for any other offense in article 54, 55, 56 or 58 of chapter 21 of the Kansas Statutes Annotated, or K.S.A. 2013 Supp. 21-6418, and amendments thereto.

History: L. 1992, ch. 298, § 85; L. 1993, ch. 291, § 252; L. 1995, ch. 234, § 14; L. 2004, ch. 45, § 1; L. 2006, ch. 194, § 16; L. 2007, ch. 172, § 1; L. 2010, ch. 88, § 1; L. 2010, ch. 136, § 52; L. 2011, ch. 30, § 21, L. 2012, ch. 91, § 15; L. 2014, ch. 90, § 1; L. 2014, ch. 139, § 1; July 1.

21-5418. Hazing.

          (a) Hazing is recklessly coercing, demanding or encouraging another person to perform, as a condition of membership in a social or fraternal organization, any act which could reasonably be expected to result in great bodily harm, disfigurement or death or which is done in a manner whereby great bodily harm, disfigurement or death could be inflicted.

          (b) Hazing is a class B nonperson misdemeanor.

History: L. 1986, ch. 117, § 1; L. 1992, ch. 298, § 19; L. 1993, ch. 291, § 44; L. 2010, ch. 136, § 53; L. 2011, ch. 30, § 22, July 1.

21-5419. Application of certain crimes to an unborn child [Alexa's Law].

          (a) As used in this section:

          (1) "Abortion" means an abortion as defined by K.S.A. 65-6701, and amendments thereto; and

          (2) "unborn child" means a living individual organism of the species homo sapiens, in utero, at any stage of gestation from fertilization to birth.

          (b) This section shall not apply to:

          (1) Any act committed by the mother of the unborn child;

          (2) any medical procedure, including abortion, performed by a physician or other licensed medical professional at the request of the pregnant woman or her legal guardian; or

          (3) the lawful dispensation or administration of lawfully prescribed medication.

          (c) As used in sections 21-5401, 21-5402, 21-5403, 21-5404, 21-5405, 21-5406, subsections (a) and (b) of 21-5408, and amendments thereto, "person" and "human being" also mean an unborn child.

          (d) This section shall be known as Alexa’s law.

History: L. 2010, ch. 136, § 54; July 1, 2011.

21-5420. Robbery; aggravated robbery.

          (a) Robbery is knowingly taking property from the person or presence of another by force or by threat of bodily harm to any person.

          (b) Aggravated robbery is robbery, as defined in subsection (a), when committee by a person who:

          (1) Is armed with a dangerous weapon; or

          (2) inflicts bodily harm upon any person in the course of such robbery.

          (c) (1) Robbery is a severity level 5, person felony.

          (2) Aggravated robbery is a severity level 3, person felony.

History: L. 1969, ch. 180, § 21-3426; L. 1992, ch. 298, § 16; L. 1993, ch. 291, § 40; L. 2010, ch. 136, § 55; July 1, 2011.

21-5421. Terrorism.

          (a) Terrorism is the commission of, the attempt to commit, the conspiracy to commit, or the criminal solicitation to commit any felony with the intent to:

          (1) Intimidate or coerce the civilian population;

          (2) influence government policy by intimidation or coercion; or

          (3) affect the operation of any unit of government.

          (b) Terrorism or attempt, conspiracy or criminal solicitation to commit terrorism is an off-grid person felony.

          (c) The provisions of subsection (c) of 21-5301, and amendments thereto, shall not apply to a violation of attempting to commit the crime of terrorism pursuant to this section. The provisions of subsection (c) of 21-5302, and amendments thereto, shall not apply to a violation of conspiracy to commit the crime of terrorism pursuant to this section. The provisions of subsection (d) of 21-5303, and amendments thereto, shall not apply to a violation of criminal solicitation to commit the crime of terrorism pursuant to this section.

History: L. 2006, ch, 146, § 1; L. 2010, ch. 109, § 5; L. 2010, ch. 136, § 56; L. 2011, ch. 30, § 23, July 1.

21-5422. Illegal use of weapons of mass distruction.

          (a) The illegal use of weapons of mass destruction is:

          (1) Intentionally, knowingly and without lawful authority, developing, producing, stockpiling, transferring, acquiring, retaining or possessing any:

          (A) Biological agent, toxin or delivery system for use as a weapon;

          (B) chemical weapon; or

          (C) nuclear materials or nuclear byproduct materials for use as a weapon;

          (2) knowingly assisting a foreign state or any organization to do any such activities as specified in paragraph (1); or

          (3) threatening to do any such activities as specified in paragraph (1) or (2).

          (b) Illegal use of weapons of mass destruction or attempt, conspiracy or criminal solicitation to commit illegal use of weapons of mass destructionis an off-grid person felony.

          (c) The provisions of subsection (c) of K.S.A. 21-5301, and amendments thereto, shall not apply to a violation of attempting to commit the crime of illegal use of weapons of mass destruction pursuant to this section. The provisions of subsection (c) of K.S.A. 21-5302, and amendments thereto, shall not apply to a violation of conspiracy to commit the crime of illegal use of weapons of mass destruction pursuant to this section. The provisions of subsection (d) of K.S.A. 21-5303, and amendments thereto, shall not apply to a violation of criminal solicitation to commit the crime of illegal use of weapons of mass destruction pursuant to this section.

          (d) The following shall not be prohibited under the provisions of this section:

          (1) Any peaceful purpose related to an industrial, agricultural, research, medical or pharmaceutical activity or other activity;

          (2) any purpose directly related to protection against toxic chemicals and to protection against chemical weapons;

          (3) any military purpose of the United States that is not connected with the use of a chemical weapon or that is not dependent on the use of the toxic or poisonous properties of the chemical weapon to cause death or other harm;

          (4) any law enforcement purpose, including any domestic riot control purpose and including imposition of capital punishment; or

          (5) any individual self-defense device, including those using a pepper spray or chemical mace.

          (e) As used in this section:

          (1) "Biological agent" means any microorganism, virus, infectious substance or biological product that may be engineered as a result of biotechnology, or any naturally occurring or bioengineered component of any such microorganism, virus, infectious substance, or biological product, capable of causing:

          (A) Death, disease or other biological malfunction in a human, an animal, a plant or another living organism;

          (B) deterioration of food, water, equipment, supplies or material of any kind; or

          (C) deleterious alteration of the environment;

          (2) "chemical weapon" means the following together or separately:

          (A) A toxic chemical and its precursors, except where intended for a purpose not prohibited under this section, as long as the type and quantity is consistent with such a purpose;

          (B) a munition or device, specifically designed to cause death or other harm through toxic properties of those toxic chemicals specified in subparagraph (A), which would be released as a result of the employment of such munition or device; or

          (C) any equipment specifically designed for use directly in connection with the employment of munitions or devices specified in subparagraph (B);

          (3) "key component of a binary or multicomponent chemical system" means the precursor which plays the most important role in determining the toxic properties of the final product and reacts rapidly with other chemicals in the binary or multicomponent system;

          (4) "delivery system" means:

          (A) Any apparatus, equipment, device or means of delivery specifically designed to deliver or disseminate a biological agent, toxin or vector; or

          (B) any vector;

          (5) "for use as a weapon" does not include the development, production, transfer, acquisition, retention or possession of any biological agent, toxin or delivery system for prophylactic, protective or other peaceful purposes;

          (6) "nuclear material" means material containing any:

          (A) Plutonium;

          (B) uranium not in the form of ore or ore residue that contains the mixture of isotopes as occurring in nature;

          (C) enriched uranium, defined as uranium that contains the isotope 233 or 235 or both in such amount that the abundance ratio of the sum of those isotopes to the isotope 238 is greater than the ratio of the isotope 235 to the isotope 238 occurring in nature; or

          (D) uranium 233;

          (7) "nuclear byproduct material" means any material containing any radioactive isotope created through an irradiation process in the operation of a nuclear reactor or accelerator;

          (8) "precursor" means any chemical reactant which takes part at any stage in the production by whatever method of a toxic chemical. The term includes any key component of a binary or multicomponent chemical system;

          (9) "toxic chemical" means any chemical which through its chemical action on life processes can cause death, temporary incapacitation or permanent harm to humans or animals. The term includes all such chemicals, regardless of their origin or of their method of production, and regardless of whether they are produced in facilities, in munitions or elsewhere;

          (10) "toxin" means the toxic material of plants, animals, microorganisms, viruses, fungi, or infectious substances, or a recombinant molecule, whatever its origin or method of production, including:

          (A) Any poisonous substance or biological product that may be engineered as a result of biotechnology produced by a living organism; or

          (B) any poisonous isomer or biological product, homolog or derivative of such a substance; and

          (11) "vector" means a living organism or molecule, including a recombinant molecule, or biological product that may be engineered as a result of biotechnology, capable of carrying a biological agent or toxin to a host.

History: L. 2006, ch, 146, § 2; L. 2010, ch. 109, § 6; L. 2010, ch. 136, § 57; L. 2011, ch, 30, § 24, July 1.

21-5423. Furtherance of terrorism or illegal use of weapons of mass destruction.

          (a) It is unlawful for any person knowingly or intentionally to receive or acquire property, or engage in transactions involving property, for the purpose of committing or furthering the commission of any violation of K.S.A. 21-5421 or K.S.A. 21-5422, and amendments thereto. The provisions of this subsection do not apply to any transaction between an individual and that individual’s counsel necessary to preserve that individual’s right to representation, as guaranteed by section 10 of the bill of rights of the constitution of the state of Kansas and by the sixth amendment to the United States constitution. This exception does not create any presumption against or prohibition of the right of the state to seek and obtain forfeiture of any proceeds derived from a violation of section 1 or section 2, and amendments thereto.

          (b) It is unlawful for any person knowingly or intentionally to give, sell, transfer, trade, invest, conceal, transport or maintain an interest in or otherwise make available any property which that person knows is intended to be used for the purpose of committing or furthering the commission of any violation of section 1 or section 2, and amendments thereto.

          (c) It is unlawful for any person knowingly or intentionally to direct, plan, organize, initiate, finance, manage, supervise or facilitate the transportation or transfer of property known to be for the purpose of committing or furthering the commission of section 1 or section 2, and amendments thereto.

          (d) It is unlawful for any person knowingly or intentionally to conduct a financial transaction involving property for the purpose of committing or furthering the commission of any violation of section 1 or section 2, and amendments thereto, when the transaction is designed in whole or in part to conceal or disguise the nature, location, source, ownership or control of the property known to be for the purpose of committing or furthering the commission of any violation of section 1 or section 2, and amendments thereto, or to avoid a transaction reporting requirement under state or federal law.

          (e) It is unlawful to raise, solicit, collect or provide material support or resources with the intent that such will be used, in whole or in part, to plan, prepare, carry out or aid in:

          (1) Any violation of K.S.A. 2013 Supp. 21-5421 or 21-5422, and amendments thereto;

          (2) the hindering of the prosecution of any violation of K.S.A. 2013 Supp 21-5421 or 21-5422, and amendments thereto; or

          (3) the concealment of, or the escape from, any violation of K.S.A. 2013 Supp. 21-5421 or 21-5422, and amendments thereto.

          (f) A person who violates this section is guilty of a severity level 1, person felony.

          (g) As used in this section:

          (1) "Property" means anything of value, and includes any interest in property, including any benefit, privilege, claim or right with respect to anything of value, whether real or personal, tangible or intangible;

          (2) "transaction" includes a purchase, sale, trade, loan, pledge, investment, gift, transfer, transmission, delivery, deposit, withdrawal, payment, transfer between accounts, exchange of currency, extension of credit, purchase, or sale of any monetary instrument, use of a safe deposit box, or any other acquisition or disposition of property whatever means effected.

          (3) "hindering of the prosecution of terrorism" shall include, but is not limited to, the following:

          (A) Harboring or concealing a person who is known or believed by the offender to have committed any violation of K.S.A. 2013 Supp. 21-5421 or 21-5422, and amendments thereto;

          (B) warning a person who is known or believed by the offender to have committed any violations of K.S.A. 2013 Supp. 21-5421 or 21-5422, and amendments thereto, of impending discovery or apprehension, except that the provisions of this subparagraph do not apply to any transaction between an individual and that individual’s counsel necessary to preserve that individual’s right to representation, as guaranteed by section 10 of the bill of rights of the constitution of the state of Kansas and by the sixth amendment to the United States constitution; and

          (C) suppressing any physical evidence which might aid in the discovery or apprehension of a person who is known or believed by the offender to have committed any violation of K.S.A. 2013 Supp. 21-5421 or 21-5422, and amendments thereto.

History: L. 2006, ch. 146, § 3; L. 2010, ch. 136, § 58; L. 2014, ch. 51, § 2; July 1.

21-5424. Exposing another to a life threatening communicable disease.

          (a) It is unlawful for an individual who knows oneself to be infected with a life threatening communicable disease knowingly:

          (1) To engage in sexual intercourse or sodomy with another individual with the intent to expose that individual to that life threatening communicable disease;

          (2) to sell or donate one's own blood, blood products, semen, tissue, organs or other body fluids with the intent to expose the recipient to a life threatening communicable disease;

          (3) to share with another individual a hypodermic needle, syringe, or both, for the introduction of drugs or any other substance into, or for the withdrawal of blood or body fluids from, the other individual's body with the intent to expose another person to a life threatening communicable disease.

          (b) As used in this section, the term 'sexual intercourse' shall not include penetration by any object other than the male sex organ; the term 'sodomy' shall not include the penetration of the anal opening by any object other than the male sex organ.

          (c) Violation of this section is a severity level 7, person felony.

History: L. 1992, ch. 289, § 7; L. 1993, ch. 291, § 45; L. 1999, ch. 164, § 7; L. 2010, ch. 136, § 59; July 1, 2011.

21-5425. Unlawful administration of a substance.

          (a) Unlawful administration of a substance is the administration of a substance to another person without consent with the intent to impair such other person’s physical or mental ability to appraise or control such person’s conduct.

          (b) Unlawful administration of a substance is a class A person misdemeanor.

          (c) This section shall not prohibit administration of any substance described in subsection (d) for lawful medical or therapeutic treatment.

          (d) As used in this section, "administration of a substance" means any method of causing the ingestion by another person of a controlled substance, including gamma hydroxybutyric acid, or any controlled substance analog, as defined in K.S.A. 65-4101, and amendments thereto, of gamma hydroxybutyric acid, including gamma butyrolactone; butyrolactone; butyrolactone gamma; 4-butyrolactone; 2(3H)-furanone dihydro; dihydro-2(3H)furanone; tetrahydro-2-furanone; 1,2-butanolide; 1,4-butanolide; 4-butanolide; gamma-hydroxybutyric acid lactone; 3-hydroxybutyric acid lactone and 4-hydroxybutanoic acid lactone with CAS No. 96-48-0; 1,4 butanediol; butanediol; butane-1,4-diol; 1,4-butylene glycol; butylene glycol; 1,4-dihydroxybutane; 1,4-tetramethylene glycol; tetramethylene glycol; tetramethylene 1,4-diol.

History: L. 1998, ch. 175, § 2; L. 2000, ch. 108, § 1; L. 2001, ch. 171, § 1; L. 2010, ch. 136, § 60; L. 2011, ch. 30, § 25, July 1.

21-5426. Human trafficking; aggravated human trafficking.

          (a) Human trafficking is:

          (1) The intentional recruitment, harboring, transportation, provision or obtaining of a person for labor or services, through the use of force, fraud or coercion for the purpose of subjecting the person to involuntary servitude or forced labor;

          (2) intentionally benefitting financially or by receiving anything of value from participation in a venture that the person has reason to know has engaged in acts set forth in subsection (a)(1);

          (3) knowingly coercing employment by obtaining or maintaining labor or services that are performed or provided by another person through any of the following:

          (A) Causing or threatening to cause physical injury to any person;

          (B) physically restraining or threatening to physically restrain another person;

          (C) abusing or threatening to abuse the law or legal process;

          (D) threatening to withhold food, lodging or clothing; or

          (E) knowingly destroying, concealing, removing, confiscating or possessing any actual or purported government identification document of another person; or

          (4) knowingly holding another person in a condition of peonage in satisfaction of a debt owed the person who is holding such other person.

          (b) Aggravated human trafficking is Human trafficking, as defined in subsection (a):

          (1) Involving the commission or attempted commission of kidnapping, as defined in subsection (a) of K.S.A. 21-5408, and amendments thereto;

          (2) committed in whole or in part for the purpose of the sexual gratification of the defendant or another;

          (3) resulting in a death; or

          (4) involving recruiting, harboring, transporting, providing or obtaining, by any means, a person under 18 years of age knowing that the person, with or without force, fraud, threat or coercion, will be used to engage in forced labor, involuntary servitude or sexual gratification of the defendant or another.

          (c) (1) Human trafficking is a severity level 2, person felony.

          (2) Aggravated human trafficking is a severity level 1, person felony, except as provided in subsection (3).

          (3) Aggravated human trafficking or attempt, conspiracy or criminal solicitation to commit aggravated human trafficking is an off-grid person felony, when the offender is 18 years of age or older and the victim is less than 14 years of age.

          (d) If the offender is 18 years of age or older and the victim is less than 14 years of age, the provisions of:

          (1) Subsection (c) of K.S.A. 21-5301, and amendments thereto, shall not apply to a violation of attempting to commit the crime of aggravated human trafficking pursuant to this section;

          (2) subsection (c) of K.S.A. 21-5302, and amendments thereto, shall not apply to a violation of conspiracy to commit the crime of aggravated human trafficking pursuant to this section; and

          (3) subsection (d) of K.S.A. 21-5303, and amendments thereto, shall not apply to a violation of criminal solicitation to commit the crime of aggravated human trafficking pursuant to this section.

          (e) The provisions of this section shall not apply to the use of the labor of any person incarcerated in a state or county correctional facility or city jail.

          (f) As used in this section, "peonage" means a condition of involuntary servitude in which the victim is forced to work for another person by the use or threat of physical restraint or physical injury, or by the use or threat of coercion through law or the legal process.

History: L. 2005, ch. 200, § 2; L. 2010, ch. 122, § 1; L. 2010, ch. 136, § 61; L. 2011, ch. 30, § 26, L. 2012, ch. 150, § 5; July 1.

21-5427. Stalking.

          (a) Stalking is

          (1)      Intentionally or recklessly engaging in a course of conduct targeted at a specific person which would cause a reasonable person in the circumstances of the targeted person to fear for such person’s safety, or the safety of a member of such person’s immediate family and the targeted person is actually placed in such fear;

          (2)      intentionally engaging in a course of conduct targeted at a specific person which the individual knows will place the targeted person in fear for such person’s safety or the safety of a member of such person’s immediate family; or

          (3)      after being served with, or otherwise provided notice of, any protective order included in K.S.A. 21-3843, prior to its repeal or K.S.A. 21-5924, and amendments thereto, that prohibits contact with a targeted person, intentionally or recklessly engaging in at least one act listed in subsection (f)(1) that violates the provisions of the order and would cause a reasonable person to fear for such person’s safety, or the safety of a member of such person’s immediate family and the targeted person is actually placed in such fear.

          (b) (1)  Upon a first conviction, stalking as described in subsection (a)(1) is a class A person misdemeanor. Upon a second or subsequent conviction, stalking as described in subsection (a)(1) is a severity level 7, person felony.

          (2)      Upon a first conviction, stalking as described in subsection (a)(2) is a class A person misdemeanor. Upon a second or subsequent conviction, stalking as described in subsection (a)(2) is a severity level 5, person felony.

          (3)      Upon a first conviction, stalking as described in subsection (a)(3) is a severity level 9, person felony. Upon a second or subsequent conviction, stalking as described in subsection (a)(3) is a severity level 5, person felony.

          (c)      For the purposes of this section, a person served with a protective order as defined by K.S.A. 21-3843, prior to its repeal or K.S.A. 21-5924, and amendments thereto, or a person who engaged in acts which would constitute stalking, after having been advised by a uniformed law enforcement officer, that such person’s actions were in violation of this section, shall be presumed to have acted intentionally as to any like future act targeted at the specific person or persons named in the order or as advised by the officer.

          (d)      In a criminal proceeding under this section, a person claiming an exemption, exception or exclusion has the burden of going forward with evidence of the claim.

          (e)      The present incarceration of a person alleged to be violating this section shall not be a bar to prosecution under this section.

          (f)       As used in this section:

          (1)      "Course of conduct" means two or more acts over a period of time, however short, which evidence a continuity of purpose. A course of conduct shall not include constitutionally protected activity nor conduct that was necessary to accomplish a legitimate purpose independent of making contact with the targeted person. A course of conduct shall include, but not be limited to, any of the following acts or a combination thereof:

                     (A)     Threatening the safety of the targeted person or a member of such person’s immediate family.

                     (B)     Following, approaching or confronting the targeted person or a member of such person’s immediate family.

                     (C)     Appearing in close proximity to, or entering the targeted person’s residence, place of employment, school or other place where such person can be found, or the residence, place of employment or school of a member of such person’s immediate family.

                     (D)     Causing damage to the targeted person’s residence or property or that of a member of such person’s immediate family.

                     (E)     Placing an object on the targeted person’s property or the property of a member of such person’s immediate family, either directly or through a third person.

                     (F)      Causing injury to the targeted person’s pet or a pet belonging to a member of such person’s immediate family.

                     (G)     Any act of communication.

          (2)      "Communication" means to impart a message by any method of transmission, including, but not limited to: Telephoning, personally delivering, sending or having delivered, any information or material by written or printed note or letter, package, mail, courier service or electronic transmission, including electronic transmissions generated or communicated via a computer.

          (3)      "Computer" means a programmable, electronic device capable of accepting and processing data.

          (4)      "Conviction" includes being convicted of a violation of this section or being convicted of a law of another state which prohibits the acts that this section prohibits.

          (5)      "Immediate family" means father, mother, stepparent, child, step-child, sibling, spouse or grandparent of the targeted person; any person residing in the household of the targeted person; or any person involved in an intimate relationship with the targeted person.

          (g)      If any provision or application of this section is held invalid for any reason, the invalidity of such provision or application is severable and does not affect other provisions or applications of this section which can be given effect without the invalid provisions or applications.

History: L. 1992, ch. 298, § 95; L. 1993, ch. 291, § 253; L. 1994, ch. 348, § 13; L. 1995, ch. 251, § 10; L. 2000, Ch. 181, § 5, L. ch. 137, § 3; L. 2010, ch. 136, § 62; L. 2011, ch. 30, § 27, July 1.

21-5428. Blackmail.

          Blackmail is intentionally gaining or attempting to gain anything of value or compelling another to act against such person's will, by threatening to:

          (1) Communicate accusations or statements, about any person that would subject such person or any other person to public ridicule, contempt or degradation; or

          (2) disseminate any videotape, photograph, film, or image obtained in violation of K.S.A. 2015 Supp. 21-6101(a)(6) or (a)(8), and amendments thereto.

          (b) Blackmail as defined in:

          (1) Subsection (a)(1) is a severity level 7, nonperson felony; and

          (2) subsection (a)(2) is a severity level 4, person felony.

History: L. 1969, ch. 180, § 21-3428; L. 1992, ch. 298, § 18; L. 1993, ch. 291, § 42; L. 2010, ch. 136, § 64; L. 2011, ch. 30, § 28; L. 2011, ch. 63, § 2, L. 2012, ch. 166, § 3; L. 2016, ch. 96, § 3; July 1.

21-5429. Endangerment.

          (a) Endangerment is recklessly exposing another person to a danger of great bodily harm or death.

          (b) Endangerment is a class A person misdemeanor.

          (c) This section shall be part of and supplemental to the Kansas criminal code.

History: L. 2012, ch. 150, § 1; July 1.

21-5430. Distribution of a controlled substance causing death or great bodily harm.

          (a) Distribution of a controlled substance causing great bodily harm is distributing a controlled substance in violation of K.S.A. 2012 Supp. 21-5705, and amendments thereto, when great bodily harm results from the use of such controlled substance.

          (b) Distribution of a controlled substance causing death is distributing a controlled substance in violation of K.S.A. 2012 Supp. 21-5705, and amendments thereto, when death results from the use of such controlled substance.

          (c) (1) Distribution of a controlled substance causing great bodily harm is a nondrug severity level 5, person felony.

          (2) Distribution of a controlled substance causing death is a nondrug severity level 1, person felony.

          (d) It shall not be a defense that the user contributed to the user’s own great bodily harm or death by using the controlled substance or consenting to the administration of the controlled substance by another.

          (e) As used in this section:

          (1) "Controlled substance" has the same meaning as defined in K.S.A. 2012 Supp. 21-5701, and amendments thereto, and also includes "controlled substance analog" as defined in K.S.A. 2012 Supp. 21-5701, and amendment thereto;

          (2) "distribute" has the same meaning as defined in K.S.A. 2012 Supp. 21-5701, and amendments thereto; and

          (3) "use" means injection, inhalation, ingestion or other introduction into the body.

          (f) This section shall be part of and supplemental to the Kansas criminal code.

History: L. 2013, ch. 20, § 1; July 1.

21-5431. Female Genital Mutilation.

            (a) Female genital mutilation is:

            (1) Knowingly circumcising, excising, or infibulating the whole or any part of the labia majora, labia minora or clitoris of a female under 18 years of age;

            (2) removing a female under 18 years of age from this state for the purpose of circumcising, excising, or infibulating the whole or any part of the labia majora, labia minora or clitoris of such female; or

            (3) causing or permitting another to perform the conduct described in subsection (a)(1) or (a)(2) when the person causing or permitting such conduct is the parent, legal guardian or caretaker of the victim.

            (b) Female genital mutilation is a severity level 3, person felony.

            (c) The provisions of this section shall not apply if:

            (1) The physical health of the female under 18 years of age makes circumcising, excising or infibulating the whole or any part of her labia majora, labia minora or clitoris medically necessary pursuant to the order of a physician, and such procedure is performed by a physician; or

            (2) the female under 18 years of age is in labor or has just given birth, and such labor or birth makes circumcising, excising or infibulating the whole or any part of her labia majora, labia minora or clitoris medically necessary pursuant to the order of a physician, and such procedure is

performed by a physician.

            (d) It shall not be a defense that the conduct described in subsection (a):

            (1) Is required as a matter of custom, ritual or religious practice; or

            (2) that the victim, or such victim’s parent, legal guardian or caretaker consented to the procedure.

            (e) As used in this section:

            (1) "Caretaker" means any person that willfully assumes responsibility for the care of a female under the age of 18; and

            (2) "physician" means any person licensed by the state board of healing arts to practice medicine and surgery.

History: L. 2013, ch. 63 § 1; July 1.